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Scientific inventions and scientific discoveries made the hallmark of the enlightenment period. During the enlightenment period, it was known that science was the subject that could bring transformation in the world (Withers, 2007). The transformation that was desired was that which could make human life comfortable and easier on earth. During this period, more goods were produced at reduced cost, the stress of traveling, communicstion was reduced, and mobility was advanced hence the ease of communication and transit. Trade became advanced to different locations and human life ceased to be caged in geographical confines. During this period, there were many criticisms as well as the mushrooming of various organized groups. The church specifically was criticized during this period. The church was criticized by the liberals to have been be confining peoples’ reason to doctrinal thoughts. The thought of the enlightenment age proposed a more individualized system that does not constrict people to a particular system of belief. Enlightenement period was a period of enquiry and people wanted logical reasons and proof behind phenomena. At this time, people did not want to set their belief on speculations because they were propounded by the church or by such authorities like Plato; they wanted scientific truth (Pancaldi, 2003). This though and desire led to the attack of absolutist and mercantilism. The think tanks of the enlightenment age refused to believe and accept some dominating dogmas. They could not any scientific proof to make them believe that the monarchs had superior status than other human beings. They could further not find scientific comprehension that there is a class of people set a part to dominate other human race because they were set a part to claim sovereignty over others. Thinkers of the enlightenment age wanted proof beyond any reasonable doubt that mercantilism was of economic benefit. 2. Compare and contrast the role played by Danton and Robespierre during the terror Danton and Robespierre, had great influence in shaping human history. Both of these personalities were leaders to be reckoned with. They had major differences in belief and though; a thing which later led to the spilt of political stances. Robespierre strongly believed that a nation would be a better republic only if it was governed on the principle and the foundations of philosophy, virtue, and justice. Danton on the other hand strongly advocated for a nation that is ruled in the basis of nobility, tradition, and domestic agreement and peace. Each of these figures of power supported the course that they believed was in the best interest of the people and none was willing to sacrifice their though to accommodate that of the other (Gascoigne, 1989). Their opposing belief became personal that they could not meet each other. They had strong hatred for each other until when revolution came; to them, an opportunity to destroy each other presented itself. During the Terror period, Danton was elected in the Public Safety committee. While he was serving in the committee, Danton sought to reconcile the parties that were conflicting with the min intension of restoring peace and enforcing the rule of law to take effect in nations. Danton hoped to bring stability during the revolution by adopting a new constitution. The second committee of the public safety under the leadership of Robespierre stood upright with a declaration to continue terror until the
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Discussion Generally the time span of the age of enlightenment lies between the 16th and 17th century scientific revolution to the French revolution of the 19th century. The scientific revolution formed various scientific societies that worked towards the advancement in scientific research.
Hogarth, born to parents of modest means in London, began his adulthood career as an engraver, doing book illustrations and greeting cards. After he had learned to paint in the 1720’s, he began to create artworks that turned out to be of astonishing originality leaving a lasting imprint on the culture of the English.
Amongst these this paper focuses on philosophy, as a chosen case of study for this paper.
The intellectual and scientific work in the era before the 18th century, gave way to this thought. According to which, it is more important for peace, law and order to have a system of right and wrong based on logical human analysis.
For example, a bird was a bird to an individual in the enlightenment age, but to a modernist the bird could stand for freedom. The enlightenment movement based reality on facts, whereas the modernist based reality on
Irrationalism takes various forms that include revival, irrational trends like astrology, and old religions like Christianity and Islam (Fotopoulos, 1998).
Irrationalism has flourished in both the North and the South in the last quarter of
The medieval era can be divided into three periods including “the Early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages, and the Late Middle Ages. Like the Middle Ages itself, each of these three periods lacks hard and fast parameters”. The Early Middle Ages are also called as Late Antiquity. This period started in the 3rd century and continued till the 7th century.
In this regard, this essay will highlight the significant reforms initiated by the two leaders that had great impact on the society.
To start with, Frederic II initiated significant administrative, social and economical reforms in