Human Security: The Dog That Didn’t Bark Introduction Considering the gamut of human rights violations, murders, health and safety threats, and unresolved political and geopolitical conflicts, it is unquestionable why human security has become one of the global concerns since the past decades…
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The author believes that the deeper understanding on the ideas will be attained by examining the opposing and concordant views on human security. The articles reviewed have become as compelling as they present realistic and eye-opener accounts, yet antithetical in some degree. Overview of Chandler’s Work The article by David Chandler entitled, Human Security: The Dog That Didn’t Bark provides an important revelation on the “deconstruction of myth that human security shows a typical conflict between the state and the individual security” (Owen 2008). Chandler’s article is based on the analysis of the two books namely, Human Security: Concepts and Implications written by Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh & Anuradha M. Chenoy and A Decade of Human Security: Global Governance and New Multilateralisms written by Mclean, Black & Shaw. Chandler started his argument through citing the idea that global policy making overbearingly suggests two different views. One view pointed out the construal of the dynamics of the society’s power relationships and inequalities, as well as insecurities. The other view pertained to the idea of identifying the interrelatedness, interconnection, and susceptibilities of security threats and the urgency for composite, cooperative, human-centered answers. Chandler’s First Argument While Tadjbakhsh and Chenoy claimed that human, as well as the state, should work interdependently, Chandler (2008) conceded that human and the state are indivisible, yet gave consideration to the importance of examining the problem that transpires regarding the state’s collaboration of its idea outside of its absolute model. Chandler ended up criticizing that the authors are more involved with advocacies instead of the evaluation of definite process of human security. Chandler’s first argument stated that “human security exaggerates new post-cold war security threats” (Chandler 2008, 435). This argument is compelling as it contradicts to the paradigm of human security. The author contended that one of the prevailing reasons why the human security has been applied wrongly by the state is because it overstated the post-cold war security threats. Chandler (2008) claimed that with the absence of conventional adversaries like terrorists, human security processes close the gap securitization issue like environmental, health, and economic security. Nevertheless, inquiry is not about how these issues are securitized but rather it is more important to evaluate the result of these actions. Since Chandler declined to elaborate the result of these actions, it is safe to assume that he falls short of accusing Tadjbakhsh and Chenoy for not considering the connection between normative theory and policy procedures. Chandler’s Second Argument Further, Chandler (2008, 435) argued that “human security advocates locate these threats in the developing world.” While there are other part of the developed countries, which also have security problems, advocates can also be considered as correct since majority of the people who experienced security problems like extreme poverty are located in developing countries. These people are more vulnerable that is why it has given more attention. In contrast, Chandler (2008) argued that the causal link of human security processes in a globalized world do not exist at all is somewhat questionable since the actual connection solely depends on what dependent variable is utilized. As what Paris (2001) suggests,
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(“Human security Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
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(Human Security Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Human Security Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1497327-human-security.
These circumstances necessitate the formulation and implementation of innovative human security measures. There have been a number of studies carried out to understand, define and explain the concept of human security. The concept of human security could be observed in three different perspectives.
As a concept, human security covers the following areas; economic, health, food, environmental, political, community, and personal security (Moufida & Crowley, 2009). Non governmental organizations refer to independent organizations that act separately from government institutions.
In addition, human security is affected by abject poverty, severe environmental deprivation and the absence of rule of law. Additional factors threatening human security include increased violation of human rights, political oppression, and autocracy. All factors that threaten human security require sustained cross border efforts to address them.
Water Scarcity and Conflict - Prospects for Human Security
Water is an important component of every livelihood on the planet earth. Water supports life of all living creatures on the planet both animals and plants (Arsenault, 2012). This is clear justification that water is one of the most valuable components of life but the extent to which its significance has never been accorded the level of seriousness it deserve is currently a cause for worry to the entire planet.
International, national and the human security aspects are more and more converging, and in some areas overlapping. About 840 million people globally are malnourished, the biggest proportion of these numbers being found in Africa. The degree of the crisis in Africa has currently reached unparalleled crisis levels; World Food Summit (2002) that several 38 million people, in Africa face "an urgent and impending threat to their security, stability and peace".
The concept appears to mean security in the broadest sense of the word. Thus physical security - in the form of being free form attacks etc. is included within it - but also "psychological well-being". This idea leads to the fact that economic, social, political and cultural change needs to occur in developing countries so that the more traditional security of all can be ensured.
The era of globalization has also denoted greater involvement of many nations and people in the well being of fellow humans regardless of their affiliation to a nationality. Under this paradigm, security assumes a trans national human characteristic which permeates the bonds of nationalism and is pluralistic in approach.
National security and human security ought to be, and often are, mutually reinforcing. However, secure states do not necessarily mean secure individuals (Human Security Group, 2014). This essay explores the
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