As a result of fresh thinking with the hope of bringing back to life the culture of classical Greece and Rome, the educated men and women of Italy followed by the rest in the entire Europe discovered that religion was limited in many ways. Accordingly, a new sense of nationalism (increased pride from the days of early Rome) that ensued combined with the Crusades (religious conflicts sanctioned by the Latin Catholic Church) as well as expanded trade networks to bring about reform never witnessed in history (Spielvogel 225-227). At the helm of leadership beginning in Italy were “new men” with newly acquired wealth, leading a sizeable number of hard-times survivors with inherited wealth. The result was but greater social mobility with quite a number eager to demonstrate the power of wealth in challenging for anything for more discoveries, including the power structure through political messages. Due to the limited number of laborers, with the few survivors demanding higher wages, the pursuit of art became an opportunity in its own right, with support plenty in supply from patrons [merchants] ready to further such activities to their conclusive ends. Through studies of classical techniques and textual criticism from texts, some of which were sourced as far as the Islamic worlds, Europe managed to break away from bondage of Christianity to explore the world with deeper thoughts aided by scientific developments, ultimately inspiring the principles of sound governance in and out of the church.