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Kwame Nkrumah and the relationship between the Civil Rights Movement and the Cold War 1950's : 1960's - Research Paper Example

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Kwame Nkrumah and the Relationship between the Civil Rights Movement and the Cold War 1950’s- 1960’s Name of of Professor Introduction The purpose of Kwame Nkrumah was to abolish colonialism in Africa. His dream was the rebuilding of the dignity that went astray due to colonization and slavery to give the African people the opportunity to operate freely in the globalized world as a capable, competitive actor and ally…
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Kwame Nkrumah and the relationship between the Civil Rights Movement and the Cold War 1950s : 1960s
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"Kwame Nkrumah and the relationship between the Civil Rights Movement and the Cold War 1950's : 1960's"

Download file to see previous pages This research paper discusses the vision of Kwame Nkrumah for Ghana and the whole of Africa, and his contribution to the Civil Rights Movement, as well as the relationship between the movement and the Cold War. Kwame Nkrumah: The Golden Leadership of Ghana In essence, Kwame Nkrumah was a staunch advocate of peace and nonviolence but he had to gain access to vast resources, which two power blocs during that time had: the United States and Russia. In relation to this, it is important to mention that it was the huge support that Nkrumah received from Russia which allowed him to fulfill his dream of building a Science City, also known as the Ghana Atomic Reactor Center.ii However, it was also the assistance of the U.S. which translated the Akosombo Hydroelectric Project into a reality. When he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1961, he intensely praised Lenin as an exceptional figure of the twentieth century.iii Lenin embraced the idea that a society rooted in oppression and corruption is decadent and should be reformed and he dedicated himself not only for the people of Russia but to the entire world and triumphed in creating a social system that has greatly influenced human history. From his college years at Lincoln University in the United States to his eventual passing, Nkrumah was fully dedicated to the African liberation. He was driven by the principles of social justice, independence, and equality.iv These ideals strengthened his aspirations for independence for the Gold Coast. He believed that all peoples in Africa had a part to fulfill in organizing for political self-government through a movement of affirmative strategies. This Gandhian approach of educational programs, publicity, protests, and boycotts engaged trade unions, farmer organizations, youth associations, and women.v Nkrumah believes that Ghana or the Gold Coast was a small-scale version of his dream for the whole Africa. He claimed: “The independence of Ghana was the first crack in the seemingly impregnable armor of imperialism in Africa. It created and furnished the bridgehead for organized assaults upon colonialism in Africa.”vi As a result, when Nkrumah gained power he invested the resources of Ghana in helping other African states achieve independence. Moreover, Nkrumah provided financial and physical aid to many African liberation campaigns and permitted African activists to relocate in Ghana. Nkrumah’s detractors and opponents criticized him for “sacrificing Ghana on the altar of Pan-Africanism”vii, for misusing the economic resources of the nation in Pan-Africanist agenda. But for Nkrumah the economic development of Ghana was strongly connected to the core political, social, and economic progress of the whole of Africa. Nkrumah believes that Africa and Ghana were one and the same. Their prospects and fates were joined at the hip. Nkrumah stated, in his ill-reputed work Neocolonialism: the Last Stage of Imperialism: “Economic unity to be effective must be accompanied by political unity. The two are inseparable, each necessary for the future greatness of our continent, and the development of our ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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