American President: Abraham Lincoln - Research Paper Example

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Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865), served as the sixteenth President of the United States of America from 1861-1865. His rise, from the humblest of beginnings to the highest office of the land, is a beacon of exemplary achievement. …
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American President: Abraham Lincoln
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Download file to see previous pages His sterling leadership qualities and peerless moral integrity steered the nation through the storm of the Civil War and laid the foundation of modern, egalitarian, democratic American society. There is a general consensus, among both historians and the public, that Lincoln is the greatest President in American history. Abraham Lincoln’s life, presidency, conduct of the Civil War, his speeches and his personality undoubtedly support his standing as one of America’s greatest leaders. Lincoln was born in a one-room log cabin with dirt floors in Hardin County, Kentucky, on February 12, 1809, to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks. Thomas Lincoln was a barely literate farmer and carpenter. When Lincoln was seven, the Lincoln family, consisting of the parents, Abe and his elder sister, Sarah, moved to Little Pigeon Creek in Perry County, Indiana, which was wild frontier country. The family abode was a rough 360-square foot log cabin. On Nancy’s death, two years later, Thomas married Sarah Bush Johnston, with whom Abe developed a deeply affectionate relationship. The young Lincoln cleared timber with his axe and ploughed and harvested the land, enduring “a youth of rough conditions, of mind-numbing and muscle-straining manual labor, of prolonged physical exertion” (Monroe, 2000).  ...
Abe earned increasing popularity with the public through his “wit, intelligence, and integrity” (Miller Center, 2006), along with his ability to read and write. In 1832 Lincoln ran as an independent candidate for the Illinois General Assembly.  Although he won 277 of the 300 votes in New Salem, he lost in the county. Later on in the year, Lincoln served as the captain of the New Salem militia company in the Black Hawk War, but saw no action. Lincoln adopted a program of self-study of law, passing the state bar exam in 1836, and received his license in 1837. He was appointed postmaster of New Salem and supplemented his meager income with work as a county deputy surveyor and small fees for routine legal work. Lincoln then embarked on his remarkable political career, culminating in his Presidency. On the night of April 14, 1865, the actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth shot him at point-blank in the back of the head at Ford's Theatre in Washington. Lincoln’s political career started with his election to the state legislature in 1834, winning consecutive terms in 1836, 1838, and 1840. He chose a position as a solid Whig, voting for a State Bank. Lincoln publicly condemned anti-abolitionist violence, but did not support full citizenship rights for blacks. In November 1842, Lincoln married Mary Todd, belonging to a distinguished Kentucky family. Of their four children, only Robert survived into adulthood.  In 1846, Lincoln won the Whig nomination for a seat from the Illinois seventh congressional district and served a single term in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1847 to 1849. The highlight of his term was his denunciation of the Mexican-American War, asserting that Mexico had ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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