The term globalisation has become a grammatical construction of common usage especially in this age when nations are attempting to open borders and integrate both political and economic aspects to establish one community. …
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Globalisation is perceived differently by different individuals with some believing that it presents new opportunities while others see inequality, and hindrance of national sovereignty. In Eastern Europe, new countries have emerged from the collapse of communism governments that is the Soviet Union and the Yogoslavia, therefore developing new political identities (Genov, 2010). Countries like Poland have emerged from decolonisation hence acquiring different political systems from those of their colonisers. Most of the Eastern Europe countries have originated from authoritarian regimes, which had their identities repressed. Therefore, Eastern Europe countries engage in politics and economic systems that are distant from their colonisers, even going to the extent of changing their entire political systems. Lawmakers ensure that laws match the citizens’ sense of national identity hence satisfying their people’s roles, goals, and values (Schneider, 2010: 931). This paper will examine the role of identity in internal politics of Eastern Europe countries in the context of globalisation. Eastern Europe is a place that is diverse historically, culturally and geographically. The people living in Eastern Europe are of different ethnicities where they even speak different Indo-European languages. Eastern Europe is made up of four sub regions. There is the Baltics comprising of countries such as, Estonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Lithuania, and Latvia. The second sub region is East Central Europe comprising of countries like; Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary and Slovenia. The third sub region is Eastern Europe with countries such as, Moldova, Belarus and Russia. The fourth sub region is the Balkans or Southern East Europe with countries like Macedonia Bulgaria, Albania, Croatia, Herzegovina, Ukraine, Romania, and Bosnia. Those countries that are adjacent to Western Europe and centrally placed have adopted similar identities and most have joined the European Union, therefore, embracing globalisation (Cernat and Murrell, 2002:119). Other Eastern Europe countries that are far placed do not have shared identities with Europe and with the different ethnicity, religions, and political issues, many are considered volatile. Globalisation is defined as a process requiring the reduction of territorial boundaries so as to allow interactive and interdependent worldwide forms of to spread. Globalisation brings about the dissemination and spread of culture, politics, and economy from particular locations to worldwide magnitude. In addition to free movement of cultural values, money, people, and ideas, globalisation calls for mutually beneficial relations (Martel, 2009:461). Its dominant processes of regionalisation (Cernat and Murrell, 2002:119). Identity, whether cultural or national, can influence politics in that lawmakers will attempt to develop policies that will represent the values of its citizens. Policymakers will strive to create foreign policy laws that will ensure the country’s sovereignty remains strong even among regional economic allies. A country’s national identity is not set at a certain level; therefore, adjustments can be made, allowing the citizens to adopt new interests and values. National identity is simply an illusion that people from one country or region can have about who they are. As globalisation sets in, some national identities evolve and a global perspective is adopted. Politicians sometimes act to serve their best interests of retaining power, when they draft laws that do not allow easy integration or cohesion between a nation and other foreign countries. They usually view integration as a threat, looking to reduce their power. However, globalisation is
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This ideology is actually a response to the contemporary realism or neorealism which establishes the anarchic nature of the international system and considers the states of the world to be working for their own benefits. Neoliberalism does not reject the anarchic nature of the international politics and international relations but considers the possibilities of cooperation and a decentralized system through which various states can achieve their national goals and objectives.
The eastern European region is not as wealthy as the rest of the European Union. Eastern Europe is composed of 14 countries. The 14 countries that composed Eastern Europe are Russia, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine and Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro and Albania.
The rate of globalisation has been on the rise and many points of views have been established, with regard to its controllability. To mark these perceptions, masses of people have stormed the streets demonstrating against the issues surrounding international economic guidance and non-governmental organisations have acted so powerfully on such issues.
Most of the perspectives apply also to the East European process of transition, although we have to bear in mind the different nature of the preceding regimes (David, & Bruszt, 1998).
Let us begin with the transfer of power from the bogus popular legitimacy of the Communist Party state to the electorate, a crucial step in the transformation of all the East European satellites and the Soviet Union itself.
When EU in the 1990s also took into its fold the Northern European countries - Austria, Finland and Sweden - it was even better. The economies of these three countries were in such great shape that their EU membership influenced an increase in the union's per capita income.
Former President Jimmy Carter and a Democrats' leader is a mature political person. He could not have come out with this book at this crucial time without any calculate reason. Carter has invited plethora of criticism not only against him but also his Democratic party.
A Tax holiday1 period of first 10 years after the start of the commercial production: The basic incentive that any foreign joint venture partner from a developing economy would expect is the tax holiday period which acts as a financial incentive for any proposal of foreign direct investment.
To start with Iraq, was recognized as part of the Ottoman Empire, It was under the imperial administration of Britain during the tenure of World War I. In the year 1920 Iraq was declared as a member of League of Nations under the United Kingdom administration.
Hence, this paper examines the major contributions of Byzantium Empire to the present day Eastern Europe and Russia. Furthermore, the study will also focus on the social and cultural impacts of post-communist transitions in the former communist states of Eastern Europe and
There are two main aspects that were used in the rulings. In the first strategy, there was the use of the parties’ organization to maintain and come up with more authority over the society. The relationship that occurred between the party and society in terms of power ranged from East Germany saturation of the society.
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