Nobody downloaded yet

DNA & The Judicial System - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The past one decade has seen great improvements in one of the most powerful criminal justice tools ever devised: Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA). The criminal justice tool provides a means by which criminals can be identified with sound accuracy…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.5% of users find it useful
DNA & The Judicial System
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"DNA & The Judicial System"

Download file to see previous pages Evolution of DNA technology to solve criminal cases is not a new phenomenon. Media has extensively popularized the concept of DNA technology and its role in the fight against crime and injustice. This extensive coverage is not just for the mere reason that the technology is relatively new in the judicial system, but because of its peculiar accuracy in convicting or exonerating suspects. Legislation has been a major issue in the application of DNA technology. These stem from incessant use of the technology in data banking to using DNA tests in post-conviction tests. Originally, the test was developed solely for determining paternity of children. Samples taken under clinical conditions were studied for genetic evidence linking parents to children. The maiden time DNA technology made its way into the judicial system was in 1986. Police in England asked a molecular biologist and researcher, Alec Jeffreys to use DNA tests to verify the validity of 17 year old boy in two cases of sexual assault in the English Midlands. The twist in the test results that proved the boy to be innocent of the offenses, and a later conviction of the real perpetrator using the same DNA test made DNA testing a technology to revere in the judicial system.
In 1987, the first DNA-based conviction took place in the United States. Tommy Lee was convicted in Circuit Courts, Florida within the Orange County for rape. The DNA test on samples of semen collected from a victim matched his DNA construct. This did not, however, change the public and judicial mindset did not take immediate effect until a high court ruled in favor of DNA test. In 1989, the state high court of West Virginia ruled in favor of DNA sample tests on a rape case....
The DNA test on samples of semen collected from a victim matched his DNA construct. This did not, however, change the public and judicial mindset did not take immediate effect until a high court ruled in favor of DNA test. In 1989, the state high court of West Virginia ruled in favor of DNA sample tests on a rape case (Lazer, 2010). The first years of the ground-breaking use of DNA in administering justice did not attract dispute and public uproar. This, however, changed as the technique became more widely used by prosecutors. Defense attorneys began challenging and disputing the admissibility of DNA tests as grounds of administering justice. Admissibility of a new technology in judicial system is determined using two universally agreed standards. These are the Daubert Standard and the Frye Standard. The first standard of admissibility, Daubert Standard originates from 1993 case of Daubert v Merrel Dow Pharmaceuticals. The court ruled during this famous legal tussle that evidence and proof must possess enough scientific reliability and validity to be admitted as relevant scientific knowledge which would be used to assist the trier of facts (Yang, 2011). The earlier standard named Frye Standard is based in a 1923 case of Frye v United States. During this important ruling, the court pronounced that in order for a novel scientific technology to be admissible, scientific evidence must be thoroughly established to have acquired general acceptance in the field that it belongs. Considering the two standards of admissibility of technology, it would be level-minded to conclude that DNA technology meets the criteria of determining admissibility. The technology belongs to the field of medicine and clinical practices (Ze-Lian & Drew, 2008). Prior to its usage in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“DNA & The Judicial System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
DNA & The Judicial System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1491514-dna-the-judicial-system
(DNA & The Judicial System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
DNA & The Judicial System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1491514-dna-the-judicial-system.
“DNA & The Judicial System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1491514-dna-the-judicial-system.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
DNA
...chromatids separate, producing haploid cells with unreplicated chromosomes. Ideally, 4 daughter cells are produced per meiosis of a –gonium, and this is what happens in the production of sperm cells. However, in the case of female gamete formation, 2 daughter cells (1 from meiosis I and 1 from meiosis II), only 1 oocyte is produced from a cycle of meiosis (Campbell and Reece, 2002). DNA replication occurs in preparation for cell division How does DNA replicate? A part of the double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) unwinds, allowing DNA polymerase and DNA ligase to get into what is known as the replication bubble. The DNA polymerase adds the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Judicial system of United States
...?­Judicial System of United s The Judicial system of United s is well known for having a much sophisticated and well defined judicial system in the whole world .The main highlight of this judicial system is that it smoothly operates in a country which is large and diverse in geographical boundaries. According to (Silverman)“Every day thousands of people, including law enforcement officers, lawyers, judges, government officials and ­even accused criminals, take part in this system, hoping to settle disputes and work for justice.” In this judicial system,...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
DNA
...? The Unique Qualities of Blood, DNA, and Mitochondrial DNA Your The scene is so common its almost cliche: the courtroom drama climaxing with the identification of the killer by irrefutable DNA samples presented in court; yet what are these samples actually made of, and how do lab technicians utilize the unique qualities of human tissue to make specific identifications? The answer lies in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and its unique composition. Like a fingerprint, each person has a unique DNA sequence that contributes to their individuality (NIH). DNA then goes on to encode for unique proteins that act as markers in the blood, which help lab technicians make specific identifications (NIH). Similarly, mitochondrial DNA can be used... as a...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Judicial System and Application of Criminal Responsibility
...? Judicial System and Application of Criminal Responsibility Task: Judicial System and Application of Criminal responsibilityIntroduction The judicial system of any country in the world constitutes of a sequential, procedural and systematic set of limitations and rules that both legal and social institutions enforce in order to instill law and order in the country. Additionally, the judicial system is multifaceted; it incorporates various law enforcement agencies, the police, various public institutions, courts, correctional facilities, probation, prosecution, parole and other custodial institutions....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Criminal Judicial System
...Introduction It is a known fact that the misconceptions that has surrounded the criminal judicial system has degraded the performance of the criminal judicial system, and the wave of corruption has taken over the entire criminal judicial setup, it is because, 'instead of serving the community by convicting the guilty and protecting the victims, the criminal justice system is dominated by wily defense lawyers, indifferent judges and defendants who bully witnesses and indeed the court itself' (Felix, 2006), the previous confidence which the public held over the rulings and the verdicts of the courts have nullified and diluted. The people...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The Texas Judicial System
...The Judicial System of Texas The Texas judicial system is very complex and multi-leveled. There are three characteristics which make Texas judicial system different from other states': there are two appellate courts, trial courts do not have uniform jurisdiction and the judges are selected through partisan elections. As early as in 1836, the Anglo-American law of crimes with trials has been established in the Republic of Texas. Twenty years late the so-called penal Code (the criminal law) became regulated by the statutes of Texas and United States constitution. However, only appellate courts' decisions were published and referred to as the sources of common law. One of the most complex elements of the judicial system... is that there...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
State judicial system
...Running Head: THE US JUDICIAL SYSTEM The US Judicial System The US Judicial System I The Courts Generally, state courts can be classified into trial courts and appellate courts. Trial courts can be classified as follows: the lowest level courts which include the small claims courts, municipal courts, city courts, justice courts or traffic courts; the superior courts which has jurisdiction over larger civil cases, serious criminal cases, most divorce and other domestic cases; special trial courts with jurisdiction over juvenile or domestic cases. There are usually two appellate courts: the court of appeal which reviews cases decided by...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
DNA
..., 2004, p.3). The DNA chain is only about 2 x 10-9m wide, and could be condensed much more compactly; however, the extra space in chromosomes allows genes to be accessible to transcription factors and other enzymes for processes such as transcription, where an RNA copy of the DNA is made to be used in the cell (Calladine, 2004, p.4,168). Different organisms have different numbers of chromosomes, but they all use the same genetic code and same base pairing system (Yakovchuk et al., 2006). In most animals, including humans, chromosomes exists as homologous pairs (diploid) that are identical in structure, but may contain slight differences in base pairs that account for the differences...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
JUDICIAL SYSTEM
...Judicial system Court Visited: The District court. Located: Florida, Courtroom Number: six, Visit: 14 April Name of Case: Ann v Howard, Name of Presiding Judge: Judge Howell, Accused Mr. Howard. The Subject Matter of the Case: District court takes care of a variety of criminal issues. I attended a court hearing that involved a jury, the charge that the defendant was facing was raping of a minor (a ten-years-old girl). Under section 317 of the Criminal Code Act 1899 (Old), it states, “Any person whom intentionally causes grievous bodily harm is guilty of a crime and is prone to imprisonment for life” (Waye & Paul 337). The presiding judge enters the courtroom after all others have settled this is usually...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Judicial System in Mexico
...Court Procedure in a Mexico Court Court Procedure in a Mexico Court Introduction Mexico gained its independence in 1821 from theSpanish kingdom. Mexico had been colonized for 11 years from 1810. After gaining its independence, it was officially called the United Mexican States. Entirely, Mexico has been subjected to several government forms and several political organization forms. However in 1857 Mexico opted for a republican system format which was under a federation of states. This is the same format that United States of America had adopted since the 18th Century. The Mexican court handles several cases including criminal, family, civil and commercial matters among others. The Mexican court handles its procedures...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic DNA & The Judicial System for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us