Download file to see previous pages...
However, there are no agreed standards on how to achieve the equality standards. While most problems in international relations field are considered to reveal around the issue of war and security as most realists assume, there are numerous groups that are liberal in nature, which are concerned in human rights groups, civil society, international political economy, development in the social space among others. For many years, realism and liberalism have been the two main theorists that address issues in international relations. Vibrant societal networks with entrenched confidence and practice leads lead to acknowledgement of important objectives in the country’s systems.The feminist movements and groups do influence international relations decisions by advocating new and better approaches to global to promote justice, equality, and maximise the value of humanity in globe affairs. Literature Review Feminism is currently a political movement and continues to challenge traditional approaches of conceptualising politics in the society and the political disciplines (Randall 1995, 118). There are two types of feminism: radical and Marxist feminism that had a revolutionary mind while the liberal feminists have portrayed themselves as reformists in international relations. As a result, in most western countries, the reformist mindset has won the political space, with many women, feminists included, making an impact in political institutions and professions (Randall 1995, 118). Feminist empiricism advances the perspective that states and interstate relations have been governed by dominating gendered structures, and interactions that have been neglecting women in leadership. Feminist standpoint is that women in their varied experiences in life have gained expertise and knowledge in the political life, which offers different perspectives on social issues that provide reliable and effective solutions to most problems in the world political system (Keohane 1989, 245). Therefore, the role of feminisms in international relations is to criticise any patriarchal thinking and introduce gendered structures in the society. The social and political integration have an impact on women discrimination since they diversify foundation of political competition and contribute to formation of diverse identities and understanding among citizens. Societal revolutions such as relocation from rural to city resolution areas, speedy population change, democratic politics, and improvement affect women rights. The political protests by women aim at convincing authorities of particular policies as well as create social norms through endorsing particular social behaviors. Problems Feminist Face in International Relations Women discrimination narrows the potential range of policy responses, undermines the capacity of the society to respond autonomously to the demands of their citizenry thereby weakening the legitimacy of traditional political intermediaries and state authorities. These new arrangements promoted the diffusion of new values of good governance, human rights, institutional structures, policy formulation, and democracy. One of the major problems that feminists have sought to deal with is in sovereignty of nations. For many years, sovereignty has been related to reciprocity (Keohane 1989, 247). In other words, as Koehane explains, while states have to claims their sovereignty, such states have a duty to respect the sovereignty of other states. These traditional international relation perspectives were discriminatory and tend to separate a nation from others. As Cohn (1987,
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
From the research it is clear that a theory of international politics performs two crucial yet distinct functions. Initially, a theory provides the concepts essential to understand the phenomena in question, that is, a theory provides individuals with the tools they need to examine, explain and critically evaluate global events.
Hence, it becomes highly important to understand International Relations. International Relations is the study of the interaction between the various actors that take part in international politics which includes the countries, states, non-government organizations, international organizations, local governments, bureaucrats and individuals.
J. Ann Tickner’s article speaks of the relationship of the feminist approaches to international relations, that there has been no real confrontation or relation between the two. Why should they be reconciled? The article’s long and meaningful title was taken from linguist Deborah Tannen’s book; the author was quoted as saying that there are cross-cultural issues involved in women and men communications.
The other ways include studying the political deployments of global feminism. Some of the theories used by the author in the analysis of the subjects are anti-racism and transnational feminism in the US. According to the author, the global feminism after the year 1990 is linked to past arguments associated with western liberal feminists.
This essay analyzes the proposition that gender is a key factor in international relations and crucial to its understanding. Also, discusses the dynamics of gender and international relations in the context of the statement whether gender is a key variable in understanding international relations and whether the feminist theory has major consequences.
The Marxist approach to international relations encompass both traditional Marxist and Neo –Marxist positivist paradigms which do not support the realist view of state conflicts and emphasises on the economic aspects of society with the social class as central to Marxist interpretations of society.
These ideologies and terminologies resulted to diverse modifications on the way we view gender and equality. Laws, statutes, politics, culture and even the economy have been transformed not just to accommodate or appease feminists and women but also to bring equitability to our existing structures and systems.
In an attempt to explain happenings between countries, international relations experts have come up with different theories in an attempt to explain the actions of countries in relation to their neighbours.
Acts of terrorism have become a subject of great interest and controversy.
Over the years however, the increased levels of international insecurity and female empowerment has led to the inquiry of the role of women in security matters. Women have been marginalized in the foreign policy -making machinery which in part exposes the
According to the report the question of gender balance and mainstreaming is gaining momentum across the world. Critical issues geared to liberate the feminine gender from the claws of male chauvinism have been addressed. These issues have sought to establish the plight and role of women in leadership and other matters of national and international importance.
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Feminism and International Relations for FREE!