Class name Date assignment is due Introduction Hiroshima, the seventh largest city of Japan got unbelievably destroyed by the uranium atomic bomb ‘Little Boy’. About half of the city vanished and thousands killed instantly…
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Waves of fire and flash burns devoured people (Richard Minear, 1990). In Hiroshima, firestorm wind made the structures burn and people highly affected. Trees got uprooted and fire debris and other remains flew here and there. Hazardous radiation added to the causalities. Immediately after the explosion temperature rose to millions of degrees and light emitted to a level exceeding the brightness of sun (Richard Minear, 1990). Deadly radioactive particles affected the people and atmosphere in such a way that it wouldn’t t be healed even after centuries. Both the cities and the neighboring areas suffered from radiation sicknesses and death for several decades. Hiroshima and Nagasaki before the bombing – brief information Hiroshima with its dense population was a city of high military importance to Japan. Almost three-fourth of the city’s population was concentrated on the densely populated well-built centre portion of the city. Having the 2nd Army headquarters and crucial communication points, the city was a major assembling point for the troops. Hiroshima contained few large industrial plants, reinforced concrete buildings, wooden houses, wooden workshops and numerous industrial buildings (Dower, 1995). Because of the risk of earthquake majority of the houses and industrial buildings were wooden built and reinforced concrete constructions were strong. ...
The major part of the population lies along the heavily build-up area which is concentrated to very few kilometers. Numerous industries that produced military equipments, war accessories, ships and other materials made Nagasaki a crucial city for Japan. Buildings, structures and houses were made of wood, with no plaster or roof tiling. Most of the industries were also houses in wooden buildings. It would be best to call Nagasaki and industrial valley with thickly populated industries and houses built close to the industrial buildings. The effects of bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki – People and economy The bombing completely paralyzed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Cities were destroyed, people were killed, affected and stranded, and environment was polluted to a level that even the future generations could not escape from the aftereffects of the bomb. The atom bomb had numerous long term effects on the health and well being of the affected people. Majority of the people in the affected area were heavily exposed to radiation and developed different types of cancers, including leukemia. Children who were exposed to radiation became highly susceptible to cancer and other radiation sicknesses (Kodansha, 1993). Almost all living victims of the bomb were in the risk of getting myoma, cancers, hepatitis, thyroid problem, liver problem and several other health issues (Kodansha, 1993). Eyesight was affected and cataract problem was encountered by numerous survivors who were exposed to radiation (Kodansha, 1993). Apart from this, people suffered heavy loss; they lost their family members, house, property and all belongings (Lifton, 1967). This had numerous long time consequence including sufferings and pain. Orphans and elderly
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Why did the United States government target Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945? In August 1945 two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan by the United States, killing at least 115,000 people with another 100,000 being injured (Bernstein 1995, 135). The targets for these bombs were Hiroshima and Nagasaki rather than more military targets such as Tokyo.
Most of the Americans accepted the decision because of one basic reasoning that the atomic bombings brought the war to a timely end. However over the later years many begun to question the conventional wisdom that Truman was saving lives (Oh 2000). This paper supports the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing and will give detailed reasons for this.
Takaki explores the motivation behind the bombings in the context of race and the moral dimension of the act and extracts evidence from top-secret military reports, letters and diaries. The Most Controversial Decision: Truman, the Atomic Bombs, and the Defeat of Japan by Wilson D.
President Truman was the first person to authorize their use following Japan's hesitation in surrendering; japan had rejected the United States’ terms of surrender. The Japanese wanted to retain emperor Hirohito, and retain their ability to wage war, as opposed to the United States requirement that required surrender of the emperor, and denied japan its ability to participate in any form of military combat.
The United Kingdom, Republic of China and United States of America together had sent a Potsdam Declaration to Japan asking it to surrender itself against the backdrop of the Pacific War. However, on the non compliance of the same, as mentioned in the treaty, two nuclear weapons, under the purview of the Manhattan Project, were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, creating mass destruction and killing thousands of people in Japan.
The bombing to the cities brought about immediate and unconditional surrender of Japan for the rest of war and made a principle of non-involvement in future wars. The number of people of people who have since lost their lives because of the two bombings stands in millions.
True, they were at the receiving end at the time the bombs were dropped. However, attitudinally, they were far from calling it quits. Even if they were politically divided on the question of war, the hotheads were holding the rest of the nation to ransom.
have allowed the one concession Japan requested, to retain its emperor as head of state, and avoided the catastrophic destruction of predominantly civilian inhabited targets?
On August 6, 1945 an atomic blast leveled more than half of Hiroshima. Seventy
The two types of radiation exposure in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombings have induced radioactivity from items or objects that are near the center of the explosion, and radiation stemming from fission products. There were also gamma-ray injury and radiation injury from the ionizing radiation exposure.
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