International relations as a field is assuming greater importance as the world continues to globalize and the economic, political and security interests of the states become increasingly interdependent. …
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Thus, the environment for each state is no longer limited to its internal and neighboring environment. The increasing number of factors makes it quite challenging to analyze the international environment for any country. Traditional analytical models that are based on linear relationships are no longer sufficient to explain the complex phenomena of international relations. The twentieth century approaches focused on managing order are giving way to fresher approaches (Rengger, 212) . Hence, complexity has become an increasingly important aspect of research on international relations. It offers an opportunity to apply a general systems theory to the analysis of international events. The international environment today is more complex and open than a decade ago. Factors such as globalization, climate change and terrorism have contributed much to integrate the world along several dimensions. This paper explains the increasing importance of complexity in international relations by identifying the components of complexity theory and explaining their relevance to contemporary international events as well as past events that have significantly impacted on the present state of affairs. Concepts such as interdependence, fitness, and coevolution are discussed along with other essential concepts. The paper concludes with an overall assessment of the value can understanding of complexity can provide to the study of international relations....
Complexity theory offers an explanation for identifying and acknowledging such relationships. Its concepts and principles can be applied to analyze relationships between individual actors and the areas where mutual benefits and risks lie. The rapid pace of globalization is one of the major stimuli that have made complexity theory increasingly relevant to the study of international relations. Under the WTO agreements, the economies of individual countries have become increasingly dependent on one another. In addition, regional alliances such as ASEAN and the EU have made the economic and political systems of nation states dependent on one another. The most recent examples of such interdependence can be observed in the 2008 global financial crisis and the more recent Euro debt crisis. Events such as a sub-prime crisis in the US have affected economies around the world, mainly because the US is today the centre of the global economic system. Similarly, a debt crisis originating in Greece has raised issues for the well-being of the German economy. Complexity theory can increase our understanding of such contemporary issues by supporting existing theories and concepts. Fitness and International Relations Complexity theory aims to explain the fitness between an actor and its environment. The concept of fitness is an integral component of complexity theory and treats an actor as a member that can affect and is also affected by changes taking place in the environment (Clemens, 13). Thus, in complexity theory individual actors are assumed to act in a complex environment. A complex environment is characterized by a large number of
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The overall complexity as well as the size of the organizations has increased over the period of time. Firms are now not just limited to the borders of their own countries. This paper will attempt to explore and critically analyze the importance of public international law to international business.
How can we use Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave as a metaphor for thinking about International Relation today? Plato was the first to establish a theory which was considered to include both the political power and the political leadership legitimization.
This in turn, depends on the relative power that different countries have, in terms of their military might, financial clout and the standard of living of its citizens which provides a social model for its citizens. After the Second World War, two global powers emerged in the form of the United States of America and the USSR.
In the international organizations, identification of the interaction between various factors of the internal and external environments is only part of the process. A crisis can be defined as a point of change for worse or better, crucial time, or a moment of decision.
To better appreciate the international approaches taken by countries in the third and second worlds, the author analyzes the various international relations theories that exist. In the constructivist’s view, the world is basically a ‘social construct’, which is supported by an in-depth comprehension of international structure.
303). Wilden's referring to the "external" goal of the theory assumes that theories bear in themselves the subconscious information, which is falling outside the limits of their textual context. An effective method of revealing of political and normative implied sense of theories is a research of ostensibly minor areas for them.
Although I only address these three school s of thoughts, one should take note that I do not argue that these three schools of thoughts are the most crucial school of thoughts in the field of IR. It is, however, beyond this paper to address each school of thoughts.
ary regional political environment as a result of the Israel issue and complex cultural units falling under the “Arab” aegis (Hinnesbuch & Ehteshami, 2002, p.115). For example, Dawisha posits that the 1967 Six Day War with Israel operated as the seminal turning point in Arab
On the other hand, terms established through the international society are under applied to a certain historical narrative and theoretical standpoints that are derived from historical narratives. Nevertheless, the paper will provide with an argument, critique and evidence in