[Name of of Lecturer] Segregation and Disenfranchisement of African-Americans from 1875 to 1900 Introduction The period between 1875 and the turn of the 20th century was a difficult era in the history of African Americans…
Download file to see previous pages...
These segregations and disenfranchisement were witnessed in both the Southern and Northern states (Andrews 54). After the American Civil war in 1870, the endorsement of the Fifteenth Amendment on the American constitution followed, preventing any state from denying any male citizen the right to vote based on racial prejudgments. The African American community made up the majority population in states such as Mississippi and Louisiana besides forming a sizeable population in other former Confederate states. The whites in these states resisted the rights of the freedman to exercise political power, will, and right. The whites feared black dominance and practised violence, assassinations, and intimidation to thwart the efforts of the freedman to participate in active politics in the last quarter of the 19th century. Consequently, Black voting reduced remarkably in most Southern States giving white democrats a chance to regain control of the political offices of the region (Rable 103). This research attempts to retrace the developments that took place concerning segregation and disenfranchisement of African Americans from 1875 to 1900. Segregation and Disenfranchisement of African-Americans (1875-1900) In 1875, the Congress approved the first Civil Rights Act that assured the black community equal rights in restaurants, theatres, juries and transportation. The law was however brought down in 1883 on court orders, with the court taking the stance that the Constitution mandates the Congress to act only on discrimination by government and not by citizens. Besides the court system, there were other forces that adamantly fought to ensure the African American Community did not exercise their right to vote. For example, a paramilitary group called the Red Shirts, formed in Mississippi 1875, fought against racial equality in North and South Carolina (DuBois 26). It was a well organized and open society consisting of armed confederate soldiers that worked for political aims. This group intended to remove the republicans from office and scare the freedmen to keep them from voting. The Red Shirts was just one of the groups in the Southern States that were determined to keep the black community away from the polls and ensure a white democratic took over the southern governments in the elections of 1876 (Kousser 85). The other example that highlight racial segregation in late 19th century was the Battle of Little Big Horn, which the Cheyenne Indians and Sioux won 1876 with the killing of General Custer George. This battle was a consequence of continued violation of the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty that saw white Americans move in droves to seek gold in the Black Hills. This was an intrusion into African American territory and invasion of property. In the political spheres, the election of President Rutherford Hayes in 1877 saw Reconstruction grind to a stop. Most of the federal soldiers in the south were withdrawn and those that remained did little to protect the rights of the African American Community. This year also witnessed the return of the ‘home rule’ to the previously secessionist states. With the return of this rule began the rekindling of white supremacy, racial segregation, and disenfranchisement of the freedman. As a result, strikes and sit-ins were organized with the first national strike occurring in this period. This violent strike that was directed at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad company saw the death of 19 people (DuBois 39). The
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Accordingly, a central theme of this course is the “end of isolation” which the textbook describes in relationship to technology, politics, military, culture, and society. At times, the ending of isolation has resulted of periods of tension and struggle.
Because of the registered high prevalence of hypertension among African Americans and research gaps in this area, the proposed study conducted by the researcher is highly justifiable. The study will specifically aim at determining the role of genetics in hypertension among African Americans as compared to other racial groups.
Debate involving the personal benefits and risks of African American participation in today's sport environment at all levels continues to be an issue of critical concern. United States society focused on "instant gratification," encouraging individuals to pursue alternatives which they believe will reap immediate financial satisfaction/security and social mobility (Rhoden p.
The second half of the twentieth century witnessed a rising trend of racism between white and black Americans. The blacks were indirectly deprived from their rights to attain high position in the government. Also, private businesses used to discriminate against the black based just on the color of their skin and their ethnic origin.
Their basic rights such as voting were denied. Many black activists have struggled in the fight to ensure that their brothers and sisters get respected and that they receive the same treatment as the whites. This struggle led to death of many people who were against the discriminatory practices of the whites.
The topics to be covered included Segregation, which is the policy of creating or putting aside some facilities to be used by minority group who are always from the noble families. This atrocious acts are commonly practiced in repressive countries and anarchical government.
The history of African-Americans in the US dates back to 1600 during the slavery Era.African-Americans have endured centuries of slavery and political struggles in the U.S. This paper will address the history of African-Americans after the end American Civil War in 1865.
today come from families that were originally brought to the Americas as slaves, and as a result are part of a group that defines itself through its independence of the white culture (Hall, 2005). African Americans are a close knit community and place a great emphasis on
However, changes began in the late 19th c which witnessed bloody rebellions and battles: The Native Americans were compelled to protect their lands following legislations enacted by the government of the day in the
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Segregation and Disenfranchisement of African-Americans from 1875 to 1900 for FREE!