The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair Question 1; Answer: “And so all over the world two classes were forming, with an unbridged chasm between them-the capitalist class, with its enormous fortunes, and the proletariat, bound into slavery by unseen chains.” (Sinclair, 333) Sinclair explains the situation between the two classes that has formed in America over the twentieth century…
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Question 2; Answer: “So America was a place of which lovers and young people dreamed. If one could only manage to get the price of a passage, he could count his troubles at an end.” (Sinclair, 23) This passage of the book shows that a Sinclair, being a muckraker, thinks that the American dream to get immigrants in the early twentieth century is just a lie. Here the immigrants, or the lovers and young, as stated by Sinclair, are just means to an end for the elite American class to get cheap labor and the lives of the immigrants then are bound to unchained wage-work slavery. Question 3; Answer: Andrew Carnegie, a late 19th century and 20th century industrialist, whom have also been dubbed as the richest man in the world at that time was famous for his technological advancements in America which turned America from an agricultural to an industrial nation. Despite his successes and his being a philanthropist in his later life, his relationship with the worker class will always be remembered as something which was bitter. It mainly was because of the conflict in Homestead, Pennsylvania in his steel plant where his union-breaking decision in 1892 led to the death of many men where several many were also fatally injured. Question 4; Answer: From the information gathered from both the documentary and the book, it is safe to say that the book is more biased towards a more socialist cause for the undertreated immigrant wage-workers of the earlier twentieth century. The documentary about Andrew Carnegie, although sheds light on this relationship between management and labor, is also about life of Andrew Carnegie as a successful Scottish-American Industrialist. While the book that Sinclair wrote could be argued that it was for the sole purpose of organizing the workers in Chicago for a socialist cause. Question 5; Answer: Another book that deals with the labor-management relationship in the Twentieth century is the Shopfloor Matters by David Fairris. This book not only gives a view to the labor history in America, but also the changing institutional arrangements in 20th century made by the shop floor governance for the American Manufacturing industry. This book builds on the muckrakers of that time that wrote about labor-management relations and industrial relations scholar to provide a broad analysis on the changing arrangements that effect the shop floor labor-management relations in the manufacturing industry. This book is a good source because it is the best research done on the shop floor governance during the 20th century and the changes made to the institutional arrangements. Not only that but hard evidence about the relationship between the outcomes provided by the changing shop floor and the changing arrangement made in the shop floor institutes. Question 6; Answer: Labor-management relation in the early 20th century is marked by a colossal gap and misunderstanding between the lives led by capitalists and the wage-workers. Question 7; Answer: The inference that I would use from the
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Through this novel, Sinclair managed to highlight how capitalists exploited immigrants who were compelled to work under deplorable conditions. The claims that were documented in the novel sparked widespread public fury, which became instrumental in the formulation and implementation of Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906 (Bloom 20).
Upton Sinclair, one of the most influential writers of his time, wrote the novel “The Jungle” in the year 1906. Sinclair’s main purpose in this novel was to explain and portray the life of the immigrants in the United States of America. Immigrants from Northern Europe moved to live in American.
The study leads to the conclusion that the novel is a masterpiece of English literature, which leaves a sound impact on the reader. Upton Sinclair has brought the hideous face of the capitalism as it existed in the early twentieth century; however, the truths woven in the text have associations even in the contemporary settings.
Sinclair explores, in detail, the disgust and corrupt conditions of urban immigrant families of the early 1900s.
The plot centers on an immigrant family that has come from Lithuania to make a better life in America. Jurgis Rudkus, the head of the family, realizes pretty quickly that America is not the land of opportunity.
This was known as the Progressive Era in American history from 1900 to 1920, where the country was forced to deal with the problems that were created by industrialization and the creation of urban centers characterized by overcrowding,
As the plot of the novel progresses, the purpose of the author in writing the book becomes more distinguishable. The readers are able to note the arguments and their effectiveness and impact on the minds of the readers depends upon the presentation of facts, hitherto not
Rudkus and Lukoskaite represent many people who have migrated to Chicago in search of better employment opportunities and a good life. However, the irony is that, Packington is an area in Chicago that is dangerous, difficult to find a job and filthy. The couple realizes that in America, one needs to work extremely hard in order to transform their lifestyle contrary to the stories they had in Lithuania that America is a land of opportunities (Bloom 12).
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