Name Institution Course Date The Twentieth Century. While Europe was the main battleground of World War II, the ramifications of the war were felt all over the globe. The political alignments which prevailed in the 1930s were drastically altered and the post-war world was markedly different from its earlier dispensation…
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To a great extent, the many challenges confronted by these nations were the result of doctrines and rivalries which originated in the West. The non-Western world of the twentieth century was largely shaped by the aftermath of Imperialism and by the influence of the Cold War. Imperialism was the dominant foreign policy of the European nations from the nineteenth century. Through this policy of expansion, the imperialists aimed “to get whatever was possible from the countries they controlled; whether raw materials, natural resources, or the sweat and blood of laboring native populations” (Lecture 3, 1). While economic exploitation was the chief objective of Imperialism, expansion of overseas territories also provided military and naval bases and established control over strategic locations and communication lines. Westerners justified Imperial domination through the belief that it was the “white man’s burden” to “bring the benefits of civilization to his dark-skinned brothers” (Lecture 3, 2). Again, Social Darwinism proposed that “select human groups would and should flourish and rule over those that were less fit and less capable or developed” (Lecture 3, 3). The leading colonial power was Great Britain, whose “possession grew to cover an area 40 times greater than the homeland” (Lecture 4). ...
h Africa was governed through segregationist legislation based on racial discrimination: the policy of ‘apartheid.’ Apartheid may be considered a direct reflection of Imperialism’s rationale of racial superiority and exploitation. It was the greatest challenge confronted by South Africa in the second half of the twentieth century. Bishop Desmond Tutu’s statement to the United Nations Security Council in October 1984 (Document # 5) is a scathing indictment of apartheid. Tutu condemns apartheid as “a vicious, immoral and totally evil, and unchristian system” (Page 8). The Group Areas Act, the Population Registration Act, and separate educational systems and townships for the different race groups, ensured that the coloreds, who constituted over “73 percent of the population, the Overwhelming majority in the land” (Page 7), were denied the franchise, land rights and equal opportunities. South Africa witnessed a prolonged, often violent struggle against apartheid. Finally, the release of Nelson Mandela in 1994 ushered in a new era of racial equality and reconciliation in South Africa. Imperialism, exacerbated by the post-war redrawing of national boundaries, was also the root cause of the Arab-Israeli conflict which was the major challenge confronted by the Middle East in the twentieth century. “More than any other region in the world it became an arena for political and military conflict and great power rivalry” (Lecture 20). The Ottoman Empire collapsed after World War I and the fragmented territory was divided between Great Britain and France by the United Nations as the Palestine Mandate. The British sowed the seeds of the Arab-Israeli conflict by making unfulfilled, contradictory promises to the Jews and the Arabs in order to advance their World
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d.), often used in reference to the negative (for example, halving a guilty conscience). Within the realm of the scripture, the term conscience bears a close relationship with the word "heart". During the middle ages, theologians at the time identified the term conscience from three points of view.
Whereas criminologists and others practitioners in the youth justice system have opposed this punitive approach, it is erroneous to view the juvenile court system as merely punitive in its tone and approaches. However, as this paper will reveal, the origins of this approach is founded in the idealistic effort to solve social problems by addressing the deprivations of youths so as to prevent them from getting involved in criminal activities and encourage them to take up constructive work.
The author of the paper states that Art took on different forms and names as new concepts developed and artists from different regions of the world contributed to the development and evolution of Art. This is a continual process that has moved on from the Twentieth century to the Twenty-first century.
These risks are often reflected in the PESTLE analysis which looks at all the significant aspects in the firms' business environment specifically political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental. These challenges are often classified as threats or ca n also be categorized as opportunities.
For a punk, DIY or do-it-yourself are expected such as tight, ripped-off shirts and jeans, black outfit or jackets, and metallic accessories, although these clothes and may now be both as ready-to-wear in specialty or regular dress shops elsewhere.
Beyond the clothes and what is seen in a person, is an attitude that has in it a defining factor about the beliefs and inclinations of an individual.
In 1955, Nancy Bayley and Melita Oden analyzed adult intelligence of child geniuses who had grown up.Found that most of the 36-year-olds were still improving in vocabulary, comprehension, and information .Bayley wondered whether this group's high intelligence during childhood had protected them from age-related decline .Bayley's research also showed that folder adults previously tested often did not go beyond 8th grade and so did not fully develop their intelligence .
In addition, the manifesto brought with it many theories within psychoanalysis which were the starting points for 20th Century artists (Ruhr berg & Waither 477).
As an artistic movement, surrealism was concerned with the character of the unconscious and how it was related with creation.
According to the report both wars were violent and claimed many lives. World War I saw some 65 million men and women mobilized to fight the war, and of these some 8.5 million died and over 21 million wounded. During World War II, an estimated 55 million soldiers and civilians were killed. The economic losses were terribly huge.
As the author of the text puts it, creation of equal employment opportunities, female-inclined legislations, women facilitation practices etc. are some of the many developments over time that helped women become a recognized, respected and equally important part of the population. This is the result of that women learned to stand up for their rights.