With the development of the railroad in the 19th century, citrus fruits were transported to other parts of the US using fast trains2. In addition, immigrants came to Florida and citrus plantation increased while the citrus farmers continued to grow rich with the sale of the fruit. The first of Florida’s citrus boom was cut short when freezes occurred twice and destroyed most of the citrus trees except for southern Florida where trees survived3. After the freeze farmers migrated to the South where they began planting citrus and a second citrus boom was experienced and Florida’s economy has never been the same. The focus of this paper is to evaluate the African Americans’ experience during the Orange County, Florida State citrus boom. The citrus boom was characterized by increased need for labor in the farms4. In addition, the climate in Orange was conducive for citrus growing and so was the soil. Florida coastline is along the Gulf of Mexico through which Mexican immigrants came to Orange County. Other people attracted to Florida were from older plantations in the southern sections of Carolina, Virginia and Georgia. There were also African Americans, Indian people and Spaniards5. With the growing population in Orange County during the citrus boom, the United States federal government experienced increased pressure to grant land to native whites.