xxxxx Student No. 12345 (History and Political Science) HOW 9/11 CHANGED US FOREIGN POLICY IN RELATION TO INDIA, AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN Professor: ABC Xxxxx xxxx College Department of XXXX XXXX 19 March, 2013 United States Post 9/11 Policies in Relation to South Asia US Post 9/11 Policy towards India The post 9/11 US-led war on terrorism has reshaped the entire South Asian region, with a reinvigorated Indo-American relationship…
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The recent warm Indo-US relations didn’t establish overnight. There are three major developments which took place in last 15 to 20 years that forced both the countries to come close to each other for their national interests. The foremost development was the end of Cold War era which remained focal point of US foreign relations. India had nonalignment policy during that period. Therefore, end of Cold War created a room for both countries to change their foreign policy in terms of new scenario. Second, India set up excellent financial reforms at the start of 90s. It was the first time when Indian government opened its borders for international trade. Huge population of India was a huge market for US multinational private sector companies. Lastly, the world has seen a tectonic shift at the start of 21st century, and of course India has come as one of the emerging countries. (America's Strategic Opportunity with India: The New U.S.-India Partnership Author(s): R. Nicholas Burns). The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 offered New Delhi a golden opportunity to deepen its security links with Washington. New Delhi promptly endorsed President Bush’s declaration of “war on terrorism” and promised full cooperation. ...
In the presence of such diversities, India per capita GDP is $1122 which is definitely a mark of its greatest democracy. Traditionally United States is a great supporter of enhancing the democracy on the globe and in this context it always has appreciated the Indian contribution for establishing the democracy in a third world country. However India, despite of being an incredible polity and having remarkable democratic value, still seems short of preserving US interests with respect to political system. India is not promoting the democracy to flourish in other countries. Actually, the effects of colonialism are still evident on Indian culture and that’s why the country is still hesitant, however, its own contribution to set the largest democracy is the feature which forces the Washington to keep Indian governments to create political reforms across the world (Toward Realistic U.S.–India Relations). Both India and the US share the common view of China as a potential and major future threat; and, have common interests in circumscribing the rise of China. In the long term, there is the possibility of establishing strategic relations with each other to contain China by using the other as a core element for balancing Beijing, especially at a time when each has trouble with China (Nicholas Burns, 2007, p.139). The likelihood of India becoming a military counter to China or its attractiveness as an alternative market, however, is questionable and certainly not immediate. A big concept of relationship is highlighted by many self-proclaimed realists in America and India that the US-Indian cooperation shouldn't be conceptualized as a way to set competition against China. Washington must
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US Foreign Policy against Terrorism and How Did This Policy Affect US Relation with Saudi Arabia
Terrorism can be viewed as one of the new buzzwords in the context of American politics.
The fear of this particular aspect i.e. terrorism has become so much embedded in this present day context that each news story, whether a fire or an industrial accident, encompasses a question regarding linkage with the significant concern of terrorism.
As can be observed, a foreign policy is an act to formulate specific strategies that are in line with a country’s way of protecting its national interests and international relations (Hill, 2002). It is an act with the intent of creating the best effort in order to create harmonious environment for organizations, corporations and individual citizens of a certain country.
Thus, the United States formulates its foreign policies in a way that will keep its fundamental interests like protecting its Cold War allies and maintaining its commercial ties with oil producing allies. This research paper is designed in such a way that it bring together fundamental approach and enquiry into the way the US adjusts its foreign policy system to maintain its interests in periods where there is a risk of major oil price hikes.
According to the research findings, the future looks a better picture than the present situation and that it is hoped as the Russia enters the new avenues in terms of its growing economy, it should also foster the relationship with EU so that Russia and EU will be in for a new historical rapprochement, which will benefit all Europeans.
ngible enemy, which transcends borders and the conventional notion of an organised army “yet has shown a remarkable resilience against traditional military firepower” (Mahmood, 2008 at www.stormingmedia.us/19/1979/A197974.html). To this end, it has further been posited that
It constitutes an attempt to manage, design and effect control on foreign relations. Foreign policy gives the guideline in as far as a nation’s code of conduct with regard to another nation gets concerned. It could be
Oren admits that the America’s failure to be clear and honest about its own motives, as much as its serial failure to interpret the Middle East as often befuddled relations with the region (Oren,pp.341).
US Foreign Policy and the Issue of Democracy in the Middle East
Therefore, it has been a fundamental signature of US Foreign Policy for the past 70 years to actively push for more and greater democratization in our world. However, although theory appears sound on the surface and the contention that it makes that democracies do not often resort to violence against one another, there are deep and abiding flaws in its implementation as it relates to world affairs and complex matters of sovereignty.
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