Mark Twain coined the tem “Gilded Age” in the last decades of the nineteenth century. Gilded Age refers the era that followed the American Civil War, stretching from the end of the reconstruction period to the dawn of the twentieth century…
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Mark Twain coined the tem “Gilded Age” in the last decades of the nineteenth century. Gilded Age refers the era that followed the American Civil War, stretching from the end of the reconstruction period to the dawn of the twentieth century. The era was characterized by enormous economic growth and European investments. Ideally, the Gilded Age was an era of transforming America into a liberal country. Outstanding events that characterized the era included increased immigration, industrial growth, and construction of railway networks. The Gilded Age cannot be considered as a Golden Age for Americans instead, the age symbolizes an era of unsolved problems. In The Gilded Age: a Tale of Today, writers Mark Twain and Charles Dudley confirm that Gilded Age was an era of severe social problems (Biography web). According to the authors, these problems could not be visualized since they remained beneath a thin layer of the supposed gold. In this context, gold symbolizes the economic and social developments that accompanied Gilded Age. Golden age refers to an era of peace prosperity, stability, and harmony. Unfortunately, the Gilded Age was characterized by neither stability nor prosperity (Zinn 32). In particular, the period can be considered as an era of great economic oppressions as Americans struggled to rebuild their country. To the American, the Gilded Age was an era of exorbitant taxation. American economy became more intertwined with cotton and tobacco exports. The prices of these commodities reduced dramatically affecting the livelihood of ordinary American farmers. Although the country experienced a GDP growth, per capita income remained minimal. Unsolved problems in the agriculture sector included the slave question, the north, and south states issue. These problems were covered under increased exports to the European market and the rise of mechanized farming. Unsolved economic problems became the basis of more sophisticated social and political problems. Gilded Age politics were characterized by intense completion between political parties. The third party system promoted intense competition Between the Democratic and the Republican Parties. Consequently, minor parties including the Labor and Farmers unions disappeared as soon as they were established. Intense competition between the two parties intensified the country’s political temperature. Indeed, Americans were divided between Republicans and Democrats (Zinn 54). Both parties established the supposed “Political Machines” to oversee elections, reward their royalists and buyoff their opponents. Consequently, the wining party becomes the sole controller of state and government’s jobs, contracts and business openings. The “spoils system” was also a major source of political influence. Elected candidates were expected to pray according to the instructions of their political spoils/sponsors. For example in 1876, Hayes was elected in a secret deal to be the new president of the United States. In addition, Harrison won the elections without winning the popular vote. Thus, the US did not achieve any form of political stability during the gilded age. Indeed, the era was a cover-up for the political instabilities that characterized the country. The era is considered the most turbulent time in American political history. Political reforms that promoted multiparty democracy and high voter turnout, acted as a conspiracy for politically motivated scandals, political rivalry, and civil unrest. Thus, the Gilded Age can never be considered as the US’s version of the Golden Age. Social developments also remained unattended during the Gilded Age. During the gilded age, discriminations against the black Americans intensified. Black Americans living in the southern states experienced the worst form of discrimination. The black communities were stripped off their political and voting rights. Ideally, the system almost revived slavery despite slave trade and slave labor having been abolished. During the
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During this period, movements were mainly aimed at trying to purify the government in order to make it more transparent and clear. The main objective was to expose all kinds of political machines that had been swept under the rug and thus try and help the country progress.
During this period, many cities and new factories were borne attracting many people of diverse ethnicities including foreign immigrants looking for work in industries (Elisabeth and Karen 47). The progressive era saw a flourishing social activism and political reforms that sought to clean the government of corruption and political mechanization of systems.
The number of workers within the rising manufacturing industry rose from less than six million workers totaling to more than six million. Although these workers did join the trade unions there lively hood did not improve but most trade unions went under before gaining grounds on their mandates.
When he was drunk I was the one who suffered most” (Lindsey 8) Ultimately, the father who was the breadwinner abandoned the family for a time, and they lost much of their wealth, they gradually went down on the social and financial index pegging their hopes on his unpredictable return and delusional plans for recovery.
Name Course Course Instructor Date The essay below addresses the hypothetical Essential Question: Why did the Populists believe that the United States was on “the verge of moral, political, and material ruin?” Were they right? The Gilded Age marked an era of robust economic growth and development in the United States.
However, the traditional role of the American woman was going through little change. Most women still married, became housewives, and were expected to maintain the home and raise children.
Women of the Gilded Age had made modest gains since the 18th century in the form of limited rights and dignity.
Mark Twain once wrote of The Gilded Age, “Some men worship rank, some worship heroes, some worship power, some worship God, and over these ideals they dispute and cannot unite—but they all worship money.” Twain, was a close friend of Ulysses S. Grant and any discussion of The Gilded Age would be remiss if it did not begin with Grant.
This essay focuses on the discussion of The Colombian Exposition created specially for the Chicago World Fair of 1893 and a main architectural landmark of the Gilded Age, that is the Central Park, also called as the Greensward, designed by Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux in the 19th century.
he story also traces the life of Jurgis and his family as they strive to survive in the industrializing American economy, which brings out the disadvantageous effects of industrialization on the working class. Considering the events in the story, it can be said that although the
In my opinion, the gilded age was not an era of serious unsettled problems, rather a golden age phase that only depicted America as gold-covered country, but when the surface was scratched, the ugliest part could be revealed.The irony can be explained in terms of the economic, political, and social development of the era.
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