All human beings are equal and have inalienable rights by virtue of being human beings. These include right to life, liberty, equal protection of the law, freedom of association and right to non-discrimination among others. …
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It is true that the idea of human rights originated from the west. According to Mohr and Tsedroen human rights were a result of European enlightenment thinking. However, the question that we need to ask ourselves is does the origin matter? There are many other advancements that emanated from the west such as technology and industry but have not experienced rejection since they are viewed as essential for development. Just as these developments are essential so are human rights and we cannot deny that all human beings deserve better living standards in form of food, shelter, health and education and that individuals also require to associate with others in the society for development to be realised. Some would argue that by the time the UN declaration on human rights was affirmed, many nations were not members of the UN especially those from Africa. In fact according to Morsink when the UN charter was founded in 1945 and the process began of formulating the international bill of rights, only 58 nations constituted the UN. As such, most nations did not participate in the process and in this regard, human rights may be seen as a western imposition especially so because most of the members were western nations. To be members of the UN nations had to be sovereign and in most cases African nations were still under colonial rule and could not participate. The bill of rights which was later accepted as human rights was aimed at protecting human rights as part of conditions for peace and end of the war (World War II) and to promote social progress and better standards of life (p. 1). On the other hand, though most nations did not participate in formulating the bill of rights by their accepting and affirming the UN declaration of human rights and implementing them in their own countries, this proves that human rights are universal. Everyone needs freedom to associate, equal treatment in the eyes of the law, protection from torture and slavery. Another argument in
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According to the study international rights laws and relations provisions are not serving the general interests of justice. There are major gaps in the implementation of the laws, especially in terms of interpretation and application of these rights. There are vague provisions and elements of the international laws which often leave states doubtful in their implementation and interpretation of provisions.
Human rights are the birth rights of every human regardless of sex, age, Nationality, Religion, political positions/viewpoints, ethnicity, race or colour. Even though a few people have argued that the internalization of human rights laws are strategies of western states used in subjugating and imposing their beliefs on others, the United Nations is actually a global organization that has every nation on earth as a member.
This paper shall critically discuss the following statement: international human rights apply equally, despite cultural differences. This statement shall consider the different human rights as declared by the United Nations; it shall also discuss the different human rights which are available to every individual in the world and the particular applications of these rights. It shall consider situations and cases which portray the applications which help establish support for the protection of international human rights.
People consider private law to be reasonably wide apart due to the clear distinction between private and public law. People consider private law immune due to the effect of the various fundamental rights. In European legal systems and in German in particular, private law and fundamental rights are starting to converge.
A thriving and robust democracy, it is often said, can only be achieved when basic human rights are preserved. Cherished principles like press freedom, religious freedom, diversity and pluralism are indispensable requirements of a democratic society. It is difficult, if not altogether impossible, to argue against the validity of these principles.
In our world with cultures and societies as diverse as they can be, and with histories, ethnicities and traditions poles apart, could we even hope to call anything universal especially something as contentious as human rights On the one hand we have countries like the United States and France which are basically consumption oriented societies, where goods are abundant and economies work on how much each person spends.
Human rights generally rely upon the standards of morality that are deemed just in the Western world and these are applied on a universal basis. But the enormous amount of cultural and religious diversity existing among individuals from different ethnic groups in effect
Islam was a deep-seated cultural aspect of the Middle East. During the complex and painful process of modernisation to which every Middle Eastern country has went through, traditional Middle Eastern cultures have been going
The main documents that the rights find their origin are the rights bill of England, the Magna carat, the declaration of France of the rights of the citizen and the citizens and the rights bill from the
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