We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

John Locke Second Treatise on Government vs. Voltaire Candide - Term Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
In this paper, the John Locke second treatise on government is compared to Voltaire Candide. In the year 1688, a group of parliamentarians overthrew King James II. Political philosopher and naturalist John Locke witnessed all the events and was compelled by them which led him to writing what is known as Second Treatise on government …
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
John Locke Second Treatise on Government vs. Voltaire Candide
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
John Locke Second Treatise on Government vs. Voltaire Candide

Download file to see previous pages... Locke attempted to explain the reasons King James II was overthrown justifiably and why he was ascended by William III. He as well wanted to define the legal role of the civil government. He defined the role of the civil government as the political power and a right of law making which includes penalties of death and fewer penalties for regulating property as well as preserving them and employing forces of executing these laws, in defense of common wealth against foreign injury. This is all for the good of the public . On the other hand, Voltaire Candide is about Candide who grows in the province of Westphalia in Germany. He is made to believe that he lives in a world that is of the best quality . This belief starts to change when he started experiencing horrors of poverty, war, the hypocrisy that the church had and maliciousness of man.
According to Locke, the government was in existence, among many other things, in order to promote the good of the public as well as to protect the property, liberty and life of its people. This is what is considered to being the main point of having a government and these are the purposes for its existence (Locke 12). For the above reasons, the people who run or govern are supposed to be voted in by the entire society. It is the right of the society to hold powers of instating another government when it is necessary. Locke believes that people are free by nature. This is the belief that founded his philosophy about the government. This is also supported by Voltaire Candide. He says that the government is supposed to be in existence in order to support the society and provide them with all they need. But according to Candide, this does not happen since the people having authority were corrupt and usually abused their powers. The society’s rights and freedom were not granted and they faced a lot of hardships. There are certain literary artifacts that were used in making the different points they had. Locke argues that in case the society is dissolved, it is also likely that the government will as well dissolve. He said that it is very impossible to have the frame of any house subsist and the materials that make it are jumbled into heaps that are confused by an earthquake4. The agreement of individuals to work as a single body is what makes up a society. If the agreement brakes and the different individuals make the decision to separate, then the community will end up breaking. When the government does not have its society, the government will as well dissolve. But in case a government dissolves and the society remains as one, the people shall still have the power to reform the government as they would like. On the other hand, Voltaire Candide uses wealth in explaining his points of view. Wealth leads to greed and causes war. The need to possess wealth encouraged robbery and abuse of power. In his work, wealth is depicted as transient. Even though it may be beneficial, it is not ultimately fulfilling5. There are different practices of their time that these writers mock or criticize. Locke criticizes the act of slavery. He says that men has a natural liberty of being free and not have any power that is superior on earth. Man is not supposed to be under any legislative authority or will of man but is supposed to have the law of nature to rule him. He also says that no man should control the right to own property. This is because God gave life to all men in common and gave them reason to use it to their advantage and convenience. Every person has the right of owning property wherever they would like to. Just like Locke, Voltaire Candide criticizes slavery in a great way. The abuse of power leads to slavery since the leaders use their power ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Compare and contrast the two philosophers of politics: John locke and Thomas Hobbes
In this study it will be argued that, while Locke placed utmost importance on the idea of natural rights, Hobbes was early proponent of utilitarian concepts in politics, which informs the antagonism between their positions
16 Pages(4000 words)Term Paper
Hobbes and Locke on the Evolution of the Civil Society
John Locke (1632-1704) and his work Two Treatises on Government (1690) is also a seminal work on political thought, because he stresses the precedence of civil society over the government. These political thinkers have similarities and differences in how the idea of Europe as a “Civil Society” changed over time.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Philosopher Biography: John Locke
Jefferson would once say, “Bacon, Locke, Newton ... I consider them as the three greatest men that have ever lived, without any exception, and as having laid the foundation of those superstructures which have been raised in the Physical and Moral sciences" (‘Three Greatest Men’).
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper
Social Construct According to Locke
Social contract was a progressive revolution that inspired reforms in many nations all over the world. In many European nations, social contract was always against monarchs who thought that they were empowered to legislate. The contract between the citizenry determines whether there can be a political authority that is legitimate.
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
Satire in Voltaire's Candide vs. Swift's Gulliver's Travel
In the novels “Candide” and “Gulliver’s Travels” both Voltaire and Jonathan Swift have distorted the reality that the readers’ are very familiar with in a way to make it ridiculous (sometimes disgusting) and simultaneously “funny, comical, something no reasonable person would engage in” (Johnston 3).
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
A Treatise on Economics
The converse is also true. The price of a product settles where the supply meets the demand (15). If an item falls out of demand, businesses will no longer produce it. Wheelan indicates that “the market rewards scarcity” and “does not provide goods that we need; it provides goods that we want to buy” (18).
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
Comparing the differences of purpose of government according to Philosophers. (Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, and Locke)
Purpose of Government according to Philosophers. The purpose for which governments should exist has been a preoccupation of philosophers from the classical period to the modern societies. While Plato and Aristotle represent classical philosophers, Hobbes and Locke are a part of what is seen as modern philosophers.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Second Examination
Joseph has the right to reject goods. In case, the goods fail to conform to the contract stipulations or the quality breaches in any perspective. The buyer can reject the goods
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper
Satire in Candide
Leibnitz’s optimism—the idea that the existing, real world is the ‘greatest’ of all rationally possible things, that God had an adequate justification for creating it, and that it is reasonable as the greatest decision of a ‘wisely charitable’ and ‘universally
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper
Which Form of Governance is the best, Compare views of John Locke and Montesquieu
Although Locke and Montesquieu do not use similar terms because they were removed from each other by time and space, yet the similarity between the two is founded on the principles they vouched for. These principles are largely in tune with the tenets of democracy so that it
16 Pages(4000 words)Term Paper
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic John Locke Second Treatise on Government vs. Voltaire Candide for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us