Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Who Were the Two Key Figures in Philosophy at the Turn of the Century? Philosophy is a subject like any other subjects that people have taken their time to study and get to understand more. Those studying philosophy are known as philosophers and among the withstanding ones, their contributions during the 19th century are studied below (Guisepi)…
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Through his philosophies, there are ways in which ideals and objectivities can be defended while recognizing explicit partisan interest should not be biased, instead play an important role in enquiries. Roberto Torretti made a great contribution to philosophy of Immanuel Kent relating to Geometry and Elparaiso del cantor, although much of the work did by Torreti dealt with mathematics and physics. The most recent work he did focused majorly on relativity theory and geometry of the 19th century; in addition, he wrote a comprehensive dictionary on logic as well as the philosophy of science Jesus Mosterin (Boersema) David Charles Stove is a professor who made scathing attacks on issues like Popperian falsification, postmodernism, Marxism and feminism. Stove is a known defender of inductive skepticism and he was able to write various articles for magazines that were non-philosophical. One of his arguments regarding inductive skepticism is that it was fallacious and harmful and it causes modern nervousness, he also criticized biology of evolution stating that it was not as radical as it should be, especially the distortion view of human beings that is proposed by Ultra-Darwinists. Moreover, he also argued about altruism stating the altruism has given some contributions to the growth of cynicism and selfishness among human beings. Charles Darwin is a philosopher who established the theory of evolution in 1859; moreover, like many other philosophers, he also had a tremendous impact concerning the philosophy of America. Though he was not known much outside academics, two thinkers came up and wrote along his lines of philosophy. The two thinkers are John Fiske (1842-1901) and Chauncey Wright (1830-1875), they both insisted on the importance of understanding morality and consciousness in conjunction to their evolutionary development; therefore, their way of thinking became more liked in the twentieth century. In addition, other 19th century philosophers include the three philosophers who are known as classical pragmatists, of the three Peirce Charles came up with the term “pragmatism”, logic of relations and the studying of signs in 1870s. Despite this, Peirce who is also known to be a mathematician as well as a scientist wrote about the importance of philosophy as well as the value theory. James William is another philosopher who did more work than Peirce did; moreover, he popularized pragmatism as a theory that stood for truth and resolved disputes in his work. John Dewey on the other hand reached more audience as compared to Peirce and James because he was born many generations after them. Due to his work, he was a known reformer of education who participated in public forums as well as influencing democratic and education works (Boersema). Technical and scientific development of the late 19th Century The 19th century is majorly known as the age of machine – tool, it is during this time that electricity; petroleum and steel were discovered to be useful in speeding up the production of consumer goods. Additionally, this time led to a second industrial revolution that took place in the years 1865 to 1900 during which steam ships, railways and other faster means of communication were invented. To be precise the 19th century lasted from 1801 to 1900; hence, it is
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Considered to be a seminal social science work of recent times, Huntington’s theory places international conflicts at the level of civilizations as opposed to smaller identifiers like nation-states, religions, ethnicity, linguistic differences, etc. Huntington reckons that the qualifier of civilization is the broadest and most dominant feature in an individual’s personal identity, thereby making it the primary factor in geo-political events.
The author states that the French Revolution had a tidal wave effect on Western society. The “divine right of kings” gave way before new concepts of inalienable human rights and popular government. The seminal event in the evolution of political thought also was transformative for the development of Europe’s great cultural tradition.
The above earthquake has caused the death of thousands of people; also, significant damages have been caused to the country’s nuclear units and the infrastructure (roads, airports, buildings); in fact, because of the extension of the earthquake’s effects, as analyzed below, the country’s economy has been severely affected.
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Thinking is all in the mind and it is the manner through which ones existence comes into being. From his arguments, one can conclude that he is proposing the existence of the soul without the body, and at the same time
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