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Stalins Achievement as A Military Leader: An Analysis of the Second World War - Essay Example

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Different researchers have analyzed Stalin Russia and his policies for the country and one fact is fairly certain; Stalin was a brilliant strategist. This is manifested especially in the war games that he played and the way he manipulated opponents to his liking…
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Stalins Achievement as A Military Leader: An Analysis of the Second World War
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Download file to see previous pages However, at the time of his reign, Russian people suffered greatly due to his dictatorship and policies. The period in which he reigned saw the beginning and end of the Second World War, in which he played a crucial role in stopping Germany’s intentions in the war. The role played by the Soviet Union in the Second World War can be attributed to Stalin’s strategies in the war. This paper will critically examine Stalin’s achievement as a military leader, using evidence drawn from his participation in the Second World War. The paper will trace the history of the war and the decisions that Stalin made that helped in stopping Germany. This will also be supplemented by the relationship that Stalin had with the Allied Forces and the decisions that he made regarding these forces. After Lenin died as the current leader of Russia, the manipulations by Stalin ensured that he became the next leader of the populous nation. Born in 1879, Stalin was a natural tactician and his takeover of power from Lenin was an example of his planning and cunning execution (Ward, 1999). As a strategist, Stalin understood that he was not the best choice to become the leader after Lenin’s demise, since Trotsky, his main rival, was better placed (Conquest, 1986). In this regard, Stalin made plans that discredited Trotsky. For example, he manipulated the party congress to agree to his plans to expel unsatisfactory members of the party, a decree which allowed him to expel Trotsky’s supporters (McCauley, 2003). Before Lenin died, he understood that Stalin was not the best leader for the country, but he died before he could offer any opposition to Stalin’s rise to power. In this case, Stalin took over as the new leader after Lenin’s death in 1924. According to Conquest (1987), despite Stalin’s fear that Western countries would try to attack the Soviet Union, he also understood that the best way to prevent a German invasion would be by cooperation with the Allied countries in the West. Through his strategy making, Stalin knew that Hitler would not wage war against a United European force, so he tried to convince Chamberlain, the then British Prime Minister to join unite the two countries. However, Chamberlain was deeply distrustful of Hitler and did not agree to the proposition (Litvin and Keep, 2005). However, Churchill was in agreement with Stalin, since he knew that a United Baltic front would be enough to prevent an invasion by Germany into the rest of Europe. Stalin viewed Britain’s rejection of his offer as part of a plot with Germany to attack Russia, and thought that the best way to counter this would be to make a treaty with Hitler himself (Keep, 2002). This was based on the assumption that with a treaty with Germany, Hitler would attack Western Europe instead of opting for a war on two fronts. In 1939, Stalin signed a pact with Germany, stating that the two countries would be neutral if either of them engaged in a war. One of the first wars that Stalin engaged in was the invasion of Finland to reclaim land that was lost in a previous war. The strategy behind this was the closeness of Finland’s border to Leningrad, which made it vulnerable to attack. Despite the size of Finland’s army, the lack of training and equipment in the Soviet army pointed out its army. After this, Stalin upgraded the equipment and training of his army. Despite Stalin’s brilliance as a military strategist, he failed to correctly predict the date in which Hitler would attack the Soviet Union (Ward, 1999). By his calculations, Stalin thought that Hitler would delay his invasion until 1942, but reports from all quarters pointed out that the invasion would come earlier. Stalin’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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