US and the First World War
Isolationism is a policy doctrine employable by any country that needs to restrain from interfering with the affairs of other countries, or engaging in alliances that force them to take sides in case of a conflict…
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The reason why America had to employ isolationism policy during the world related to the fact that majority of the America population are immigrants with some originating from the battling Austria-Hungary and Germany. This escalated the impossibility of America intervening for favor of its historic friend Britain because many people claimed that they had certain connection with the three anti-British countries. Besides the outcry by sections of the America as having particular links with Germany and Austria-Hungary, America also objected to take the neutral position to encourage its commercial deals with all the European countries. This was irrespective of whether the trading partner was pro or anti Britain.
In 1898, America and Spain got into fierce war a move that seen to be the quest by America to expand its territories. Prior to the outbreak of the war between America and Spain, there were widespread of cries and revolt by Cuban people who wanted to secure their independence from Spain. As demonstrated by Morreta and Kearney, the Spanish government oppressed the Cuban civilians and news spread across America to trigger public anger (145). The government of US through the approval of President William McKinley made peaceful calls on Spanish government to withdraw from Cuba. ...
cted by Americans was due to the past painful experiences of the Civil Wars, that just preceded the Great War and that saw massive exhaustion of the war equipments and a reduced military force. However, Spanish government refused the calls and in fact moved on to sink American battleship. This triggered tension in America, and the government deployed soldiers and war equipments to attack Spanish government through both the Pacific and Caribbean Oceans. According to Morreta and Kearney, the first field of war for the American-Spanish battle was in Philippines (146). After four months of serious battle, America forces appeared to overwhelm the Spanish forces thus paving the way for the surrender. Surrendering by the Spanish forces led to the brokering of peace deal that led to the Treaty of Paris signed in 1899. It is in this war that America appeared as the world’s superpower. The silence and isolationism policy adopted by government of US came to end during the World War I. This happened even when America objected to maintain neutrality despites the aggression of German on Britain and France. The World War I was going to result from various factors like militarism where countries like Germany, Britain, France and Russia wanted to dominate each other on the basis of strong military bases. Escalation of the war was due the existence of many alliances formed mainly to help individual parties to strengthen their defense. For instance, Russia had established alliance with Serbia, Russia with France, Japan with Britain, France with Britain and Belgium, and Germany with Austria-Hungary (Morreta and Kearney 148). When the war began, members of a particular alliance or connected with particular common country would merge to fight the common enemy. Another cause of the WWI was
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This supposedly led to Germany's declaration of war against Russia1. Germany's eagerness to go to war was due to a superiority complex that gave her much confidence that the war against France and Russia could be won in a very short span of time (Boyle, F.A.
The First World War, (also known as 'The Great War' and 'The War to End All War') occurred in 1914 and last till 1918. The two opposing sides of the war were the Allied Powers which comprise of countries France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, (later countries Italy and the United States came into the war as the Russian revolution changed the face of Russia) and the Central Powers comprising of Austria-Hungary, the German Empire, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire.
The author of this essay explains that history is replete with many battles and wars, but the First World War was the kind of war which sharply polarized the world community. It was the first big war which saw the use of modern day warfare technology as machine guns, battle tanks, air force power and strategies in a big way.
The war also provided a brilliant example of the danger involved in the uncontrolled use of modern devastating weapons for resolving contradictions that initially had non-military nature. Unfortunately, the current political developments across the globe suggest that this example remains topical even these days and should be strictly considered by modern policymakers: the Second World War convincingly demonstrated that even the most costly lessons often turn useless.
resulted in millions of casualties in the war. Events prior to World War-I, appear quite intriguing to historians with Sir Winston Churchill, recalling in 1920s, that 'the spring and summer of 1914 were marked in Europe by an exceptional tranquility' (Henig, 2002).
While exact numbers are not known, it is estimated that 65,000,000 men fought in the war, of whom at least 10,000,000 died (Browne, 2006). That was more than had been killed in all wars up till this time.
WWI is known for the many technological advances that made killing so much easier and more effective.
In its destruction of men, territory and economies, the First World War resulted in a European public wary of war and committed to the peaceful resolution of conflict. In the First World War, while the US had lost 114,000 men, the losses of Germany (2.037 million), Russia (1.8 million), France (1.4 million), Austria-Hungary (1.1 million), Bulgaria and Turkey (892,000), the UK (723,000) and Italy (578,000) were staggering in comparison.
The War memorials which now decorate most British towns are a lasting testament to the disaster which overtook many of those who signed up at the beginning of the war. By 1919, the numbers of widows below 45 was more than 10% of all widows, and over half were below the age of 651.
The pressure upon government from the masses was why government could not resist the war. Events that occurred in 1890s like the conflicts in European alliances and the Balkans were the fundamental cause of outbreak of the First World War. Germany played an