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American Paradox, The US Iranian relations during the Shah of Iran. The paradox between the US policy against the dictato - Essay Example

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“AMERICAN PARADOX,” THE US IRANIAN RELATIONS DURING THE SHAH OF IRAN. THE PARADOX BETWEEN THE US POLICY AGAINST THE DICTATORSHIPS AND THE SUPPORT OF THE IRANIAN REGIME AT THAT TIME By Author`s Name Name of the Class Name of the Professor Name of the School City, State December 1, 2012 The type of government in Iran under the reign of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was a form of dictatorship…
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American Paradox, The US Iranian relations during the Shah of Iran. The paradox between the US policy against the dictato
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American Paradox, The US Iranian relations during the Shah of Iran. The paradox between the US policy against the dictato

Download file to see previous pages... However, there was a lot of discontent among the people of Iran due to his dictatorial attitude. Shah’s regime collapsed in 1979 during a period known as the Iranian or Islamic revolution. The Islamic revolution brought monarchical rule in Iran to an end. The Iranian Revolution took place in 1979, 1many analyst explain that during this time about eight million people, approximately one-fifth of the whole of Iranian population, took to the streets to demonstrate about the still-formidable regime of Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi. After the victorious triumph of the revolution, it became evident that the powers affiliated with Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeni had gained control in the post-revolutionary struggle for power, the grand party that had managed to overthrow the Shah`s regime had begun to collapse. Consequently, progressive support for the new regime decreased to a very dedicated core base that comprised a division of clerical establishments, the middle class, and the urban poor enabling the new regime to combine its powers. 2 The recent history of the Iran an Islamic Republic is outstanding in its steady disintegration in the extent and capacity of public support for the regime. At the end of the twentieth century, Iran was a nation of frustrated hopes. The revolutionaries had pledged to reverse the course of dependent economic development, which favored economic growth and compensating a few well connected families that had been pursued by the Pahlavi regime. The revolutionary regime, promised to establish an economically developed and independent Iran in which the fruits ofthe economic growth and prosperity were to be added with equity and social justice. Civil liberties as well as the rights of citizens to petition their Government through the formation of voluntary association and political parties were to assured. The Government and the society were to become morally upright through piety and strict compliance with the dictators of Islam. 3“Shortly after the revolution, in search of self-sufficiency, the Iranian government nationalized a vast proportion of Iran’s large scale industries, as well as banking and insurance.” 4Iran`s economy had been deteriorating due to the country`s population. The country’s population has doubled, reaching approximately 64 million people, which is approximately 30 million above the population during the Shah`s regime. The population exploded as a result of the clerical elites who reintroduced the child marriage, and discouraged contraceptives after the revolution. Iran`s population is already expanding to the present regime which has caused even a more devastating consequences for the future. Relations between the United States and Iran during the reign of Shah were pleasant. During the reign of President Eisenhower in the United States, Moscow asserted that the United States supported a coup by Shah. 5“The United States had been pictured as actively intervening in Iranian affairs and as the inspirer of the attempted coup by the Shah.” This was contrary to the move of supporting freedom worldwide that the United States had taken after the Second World War. 6“The United States policy during that period was based on a policy of containment-an effort to contain the influence of communism.” Despite embarking on the policy of ‘ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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