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American History - 12 - Essay Example

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Name: Instructor Course Date Chapter Worksheet Part One: Terms Determine the most significant terms from the chapters and list them below: 1. ‘Great Society.’ 2. National Organization for Women. 3. The Vietnam War 4. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. 5. Port Huron Statement 6…
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American History - 12
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Download file to see previous pages • The Civil Rights Act (1968) banned racial discrimination and desegregation. • The Voting Rights Act (1965) banned discriminatory methods of denying suffrage to African Americans • Medicare was created to offset the costs of health care for the nation's elderly. •The Fair Housing Act (1968) provided funds to construct low-income housing • The Elementary and Secondary Education Act provided major funding for American public schools. • The National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities used public money to fund artists and galleries. • Congress tightened environmental controls with stronger Air and Water Quality Acts. • Johnson secured several gains before Conservatives gained control of Congress. 2. _ Roe vs. Wade (1973) ______ • Historic Supreme Court decision on abortion in the USA. • Struck down an 1857 Texas statute that made abortion illegal except where the life of the mother was in danger. • The Court ruled that the right to terminate a pregnancy is part of a woman's constitutional right to privacy under the Fourteenth Amendment. • The State cannot regulate the right to abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy. • All abortions to be performed only by licensed physicians under medically safe conditions. • In the second trimester abortions are subject to State regulations regarding qualifications and licenses of the physicians. • In third trimester, abortions legal only to save the health and life of the mother. • Rejected contention that life is present from conception. • Defined the rights of the fetus as emerging when it can survive independently outside the womb.  • Set the terms of the abortion debate for decades to come. 3. ____Equal Rights Amendment_____ • Holds that “Equality of rights under the law shall not be abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.” • First proposed in Congress by the National Women's Party in 1923.  • Approved by the House in 1970. • Approved by the Senate in 1972. • Opposed by social conservatives, such as Phyllis Schlafly, envisioning a threat to traditional family structure. • Support spearheaded by the National Organization for Women. • Ratified by thirty-five of the necessary thirty-eight states by 1977. • Granted extension by Congress until June 30, 1982 • Reintroduced in Congress in July 1982. • The ERA is still not a part of the US constitution 4. __The Vietnam War________ • Theater of the Cold War and the longest war in American history. • US supports the anti-communist government of South Vietnam, led by the unpopular Ngo Dinh Diem. • The communist Viet Cong, supported by the North’s Ho Chi Minh, unleashes guerilla war in the South. • Diem is overthrown by a military coup in 1963, and assassinated with tacit US approval. • The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, passed in 1964, escalates the war and the involvement of US troops. • Despite decades of hostilities, billions of dollars, and nearly 60,000 American casualties, the United States fails to achieve its objectives. • Mounting casualties and media reports turn American public opinion decisively against the war • The Paris Peace Accords of 1972 end the Vietnam War • President Nixon signs a ceasefire in January 1973 that formally ends the hostilities. • In 1975, Ho Chih Minh’s communist forces from the north overrun the south and unify the nation.  5. National Organiza ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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