We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The Battle of Somme - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Irshad Ahmad Academia-Research.Com Order # 758443 December 04, 2012. The Battle Of Somme The Battle of Somme was fought during First World War in 1916. When in 1914, the German army occupied a huge territory of France, the anti-German forces were shackled…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
The Battle of Somme
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
The Battle of Somme

Download file to see previous pages... Anglo-French in nature, the Somme offensive aimed at shattering the powers of Germany. The British army led the allied forces consisting of a major part of British and French army. The German army which awaited them retaliated harshly. The first day of the battle proved the most fatal for the British army. At the end of the day, the British army had lost 60000 of its men (Gilbert, pp65-78). Despite the heavy human loss of almost 1 million from both sides, the British Generals of the time have been criticized for the battle. At the end of the battle, the British army had succeeded in capturing only 12 kilometers from the Germans. The allied forces were still 5 kilometers away from Bapaume which had been termed as a major objective of the battle while Germany was still maintaining much of its frontline. One view however favors the offensive that the battle caused a severe blow to the Germany ultimately bringing its defeat in 1918. At the start of battle, the balance in composition among the British and French was 20 British and 13 French divisions. Though majority of the composition was British, it had earlier been decided that the attack on German army would be primarily a French offensive. The German onslaught at Verdun forced the French to depute a huge manpower of its army. The Somme offensive aimed at draining the German forces of reserves and the territorial target was the secondary objective. The Verdun onslaught changed the nature of the Somme offensive completely. The aim had then become to shift German resources from Verdun to the defense of Somme (Doughty, p291). The heavy bombardment was planned to precede the attack which began on June 24. It was believed that the fierce bombardment would destroy the German front line. After the destruction of the front line, the allied forces would become able to walk into the no man’s land and take edge over the Germans. Both the British and French artillery had an equal share in the 3000 guns for bombardment. After the bombardment, it was planned that a creeping barrage would lead the advancing infantry towards the front line of the Germans then consecutively towards the second and third trench lines. In addition, Rawlinson’s Fourth army was heavily loaded with arms and ammunitions which had the task of consolidation. During the course, the whole Fourth army would attempt a sudden breakthrough by using the cavalry to catch the gap in the German defense lines. After the possession of the German front line, the plan was that the British army would break through to Cambrai and Douai which meant the breakup of German line into two. 750000 soldiers from 27 divisions went into the offensive. About eighty percent of the army was from the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). The figures comparison favored the attacking allied forces as only 16 Divisions German army defended the battlefield of Somme (Keegan, pp290-292). What Happened? The bombardment began and continued for eight consecutive days. The allied forces of British and France had however looked down upon the strengths of the German army and its strong arrangements. The bombardment had failed to destroy either of the German front line’s barbed wire or the strongly built concrete bunkers. It was evident that the Germans were alert for all of the enemy’s onslaughts. Besides, the munitions and explosives used by the British were defective. Many of them did not explode. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Battle of Leipzig
Battle of Leipzig. The 1813 Battle of Leipzig, which is also known as the Battle of Nations, marks the high point of the German ‘War of Liberation’. It also marks a time of cooperation and coordinated efforts among the various European nations against Napoleon Bonaparte.
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Paper
Symbolism In A Farewell To Arms
The farewell to arms is heartwarming war novel grounded on literary symbolism. The research centers on the symbolism of Frederic Henry. The research includes focusing on the symbolism of Catherine Barkley. The novel’s symbolisms bring memories to the readers’ lives, as they read the novel masterpiece.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Battle of Mogadishu
In 1969 Mohammed Siad Barre became Somalia’s leader via a military coup. Following a lengthy and tough regime, Mohammed Siad was dethroned in 1991 January through an alliance of rival clans branded as the United Somalia Congress. This paper will therefore discuss in details and analyze the events that led to the Battle of Mogadishu (Bowden 5).
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
The Battle of Nanshan
A Battle Study: The Battle of Nanshan . The ambitious objectives of two powerful nations, Russia and Japan, spawned enough conflict in 1904 that war appeared to be the single and most appropriate solution. Japan, emerging from the Meiji Restoration with a Westernized military preparation and inundated with dreams of expansion, and Russia, trying to spread out their supremacy in the East, eventually staged the historical Russo-Japanese War (Sakurai 1999).
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
World War One
World War One. World War one, resulted from the aggression of some leaders towards other countries. The aggression was supported by the increasing nationalism of the European nations. Military alliances and arms race resulted to economic and imperial competition amongst nations.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Battle Of Midway (WWII)
It was just one month after the battle of Coral Sea where the United States Navy under the admirals had won the attack by the IJN. American Doolittle raid launched on Tokyo which threatened emperor’s life prompted Japanese navy admiral Yamamoto to plan a showdown with the remainder of the American fleet before he would let his force rest (Symonds.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Battle of Okinawa
Known officially as “Operation: Iceberg”, the battle in Okinawa occurred over a period of two months, from April to June of 1945. It was mostly an amphibious battle that resulted in one of the highest casualties for the Japanese within their own territory.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Battle of peleliu
Colonel Nakagawa hoped to use the highest points in Peleliu to his advantage against the enemies. (Sloan, Bill, 24) Even with these changes in operations that had been
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
The Battle of Gettysburge
Lee had crossed the Potomac River and entered Pennsylvania, thus threatening many major cities in the North including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Washington. General George G. Meade was the new commander of the Union Army of the Potomac who resolved to
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
OKINAWA: THE LAST BATTLE
apfrogging which is a military tactic, the opponents planned on using Okinawa which was away from the central Japan and utilize it as an airbase to take over Japan. This battle was considered the most ferocious of the battles ever fought in the pacific region. The US used four
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Battle of Somme for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us