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Essay for the book Candide - Research Paper Example

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Instructor Date Candide People have faced and endured famine, wars, and suffering that have been part of them since the beginning of the world. For instance, in the fourteenth century, majority of people worked on land using the traditional method of cultivation called the three-field system (Turner et al 289)…
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Research Essay for the book Candide
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Download file to see previous pages This in turn caused hunger and starvation among most people during that time1. The Zwinglian and Lutheran reformations dissatisfied many people because they wanted a more rapid and aggressive apostolic Christianity and new ways of doing things. The Anabaptist group emerged during this time to protest against infant baptism and instead, it called for adult baptism as this they believed was in line with the teaching of Jesus (Turner et al 327). Between 1525 and 1618, many people were murdered for rebaptizing themselves as adults. Those people who did not conform to the Lutherans and Zwinglian ideologies were brutally beaten and forced to emigrate. As a response to these developments, the Protestants and catholic armies united to dismantle the radicals. Many people suffered because of fighting in that they lacked food and other basic needs (Turner et al 327). During the age of religious war, Theodore Beza spoke loudly against tyranny and oppression of the people by the government. The government was challenged to provide security to its citizens because people were suffering during that time. King Henry IV agreed to protect the rights of people by granting religious freedom to the Edict of Nantes. They were given freedom of public worship, admission to public offices and the right to assembly (Turner et al 351) In 1315-17, crop production dwindled which resulted in famine during the middle ages. All people were affected in that even people from town suffered badly due to lack of food. Subsequent decades were characterized by overpopulation, famine, economic depression, and poor health, which weakened the population and made them susceptible to dangerous bubonic plague that arose in 1348. The plague was deadly and spread rapidly from Asia to Europe. Further, the plague remedies were gruesome and painful in that when it entered the human lungs during the onset of the disease, it destroyed the lungs, which eventually led to wheezing and sneezing thus spreading from one person to another2. The situation at that time was uncontainable because physicians had no knowledge on how to handle the disease that was killing many people. To the physicians, the plague was a catastrophe like earthquake or tsunami with no description and against which there was no medicine or any form of defense (Pearson et al 259). Some people tried to explain the causes of the plague and suffering. They attributed these situations to a corruption in the universe that led to the disease. They argued that poisonous gases released by earthquake were responsible for the outbreak of the disease. In attempt to conquer this situation, some people sought a therapy in temperate life and moderation while others engaged to passions such as sex. Those areas that were harshly infested with the disease witnessed high sexual activities. In addition, those who were prudent enough sought seclusion as the best remedy for the disease. These events justifies Candide’s argument that people in live convulsion of misery or sufferings. To reveal the desperation that human beings find themselves in is the fact that during this time many people turned to religious rituals believing that such acts would bring divine intervention from supreme beings than human beings. However, the nature of the flagellant rituals made the situation worse because it resulted in bleeding which may have further spread the disease. In addition, the activity disrupted normal ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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