Name Instructor Course Date Introduction The politics of America differ from those in other nations. The president who assumes office is either affiliated or opposing. The affiliated president is hard to sustain as compared to opposition president. This is due to each one of them depends on doing things in a different way compared to their successor…
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The author argues that each president rose to power through four different cells that made them achievers or failures; these cells include the politics of disjunction, politics of reconstruction, preemption and articulation. Skowronek argues that the presidential politics follows four types of cells that define one as successful or a failure. The four cells include; politics of reconstruction, pre-emption, articulation and disjunction. The politics of reconstruction occurs when the person arises to power to an established regime to reestablishes commitments. On the process, they face the challenge of completion and end up failing to achieve their ideas. They fail to address the problems of the day as they adopt an irrelevant response to the problems. The presidents who fall under this cell include President Andrew Jackson who reigned from March 4th, 1829 to March 4th 1837. He was the 7th president from the Democratic Party. He came up with the “Jackson Democracy” that opposed the idea of government monopoly. Though he protected the rights of many, he supported the idea of slavery and Indian removal as he owned the slaves. Another president in this cell was President Millard Fillmore the reigned from July 9th 1850 to March 4th 1853 after the death of President Zachary Taylor. He continued to support the idea of keeping slavery out of the land. During his reign, he signed the Compromise and Fugitive Slave Act. Another president who came into power thorough this situation is Abraham Lincoln; a republican who reigned from March 4th 1861 to April 15th 1865. Lincoln is known for his brilliant oratory skills and charisma. He opposed expansion of slavery, and he successfully led the movement of secession of the southern slave state that led to American civil war. There is a strong correlation between great presidents and this cell; politics of reconstruction, as they come to power with the idea of restoration of the original value. Their success is helped by the many citizens who want change of things in-order to improve their living standards to improve. The politics of disjunction means those people who come into power to affiliate themselves with failed ideologies of their successors. They are the only presidents have managed to fuse power with authority to reestablish their own authority in their own terms. The presidents in this cell try to adopt the politics of the past that symbolizes them with the politics of failure. This isolates them from their political allies that render them to political impotent. They are the presidents with the largest degree of incompetency. The affected leader does not know the complexities behind the problems affecting the people, and if they try to resolve the problems, they get opposition for all that they propose, reducing them to be the presidents without the authority to direct the policy debates. This way, they become the subject of constructive opinions to be used by their opponents. The presidents who rose to power through this situation include President James Buchanan. He reigned from March 4th 1857 to March 4th 1861. He was serving as a president from London where he was a minister to U.K, and this made him lack up-to-date knowledge on the slavery
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