Plato is recognized as the first one to write about political philosophy, while Aristotle on the other hand is claimed to be the first political scientist of history and was Plato’s student as well. The interest of Plato is a perfect group…
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Aristotle, on the other hand does not buy the idea of a perfect society, instead he focuses on accomplishing betterment and completeness in the existing society. According to Aristotle, politics should be based on generally accepted laws, norms, and customs. Plato in his political philosophy divides the community into three distinct classes; the producing class; then the supplementary class; finally the elite category of Rulers or Guardians. Rulers are assumed to be the wisest ones, who are capable of understanding and performing in absolute good of the society. Along with this Plato advocates the abolishment of private property rights for the producers and supplementary class, and simultaneously conserves the idea of having a family of the Rulers and Guardians only. (Hacker, Andrew. Political Theory: Philosophy, Ideology, Science. New York: Macmillan) Aristotle on the other hand has also segmented society into three subsections, based on existing trends in society; firstly oligarchy; secondly, polity; and finally democracy. When placed on a continuum Polity is moderation of oligarchy and democracy, with added features of both types and claimed it to be the best way to govern a society. In polity people who hold some private property are a part of the governing body, as was in oligarchy, but simultaneously, property qualifications were kept low enough for a majority of population to have a share of it and be part of government as is the gist of democracy. According to Aristotle polity was most preferable type of government because it consisted of a majority of middle class where people shared a similar frequency and frame of mind, which in return shall give birth to a more stable and well-administered state. (Political Agreements and Disagreements between Plato and Aristotle) Aristotle believed that a good society was one where there was rule of law and constitution was the supreme authority, set by the general public, and the relation between government and state must be of liberty and freedom and not that of a ruler and servants. He acknowledged the institution of family for entire society irrespective of their financial stability or race. Some ground of agreements can also be found when comparing the two legends work in field of politics. Both the legends tend to agree upon the fact that governance is the core necessity towards the welfare of its people and to ensure moral development throughout the community. Similarly, both placed state in higher regard with respect to individual interests of a few. As, it is through developed state, that the virtues of individual are nurtured and cherished. With the society that existed at that time Plato’s theory of political philosophy was best suited, people then were in state of evolution and hence it required cream (poets, lawmakers and philosophers) of the society to take control and make right decisions for them. Greek back in 5th century followed the hardcore oligarchic pattern of government where equality existed only in the elite who were born rich and belonged to superior race. Slavery was normal and all the lucky ones who managed to escape slavery were not lucky enough to qualify as free citizens. Freedom for women with involvement in politics was considered a fantasy; on the contrary women were given a materialistic personification with their existence was nothing more than mere entertainment. At the same time, condition policies was formed by the heritage of ancient poems and its brave
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Kelsen (1937) critically notes that the influence of Aristotelian philosophy has varied in its magnitude and lasting impact. While, the thinker’s stance on politics and ethics is still scrutinized upon to this day, enjoying unparalleled discussion and assessments, his once unassailable logic in the arena of sciences has been greatly challenged to the extent of extinction (Kelsen 45-50).
Aristotle believed that these were comparable in the sense, that these were arrangements of convenience, wherein additions or subtractions in the notions could be contrived at a theoretical convenience, just so that a link could be established amongst the theoretical construct originally proposed by them.
This paper will look at two dissimilar arguments about the human function and evaluate the dissimilar objectives of each.
Aristotle disproves Plato's Theory of Ideas on three essential bases that are the reality of ideas disagrees with itself by refuting the prospect of cancellations, his pictures of ideas are just empty descriptions and the hypothesis uses temporary concepts to generate illustrations of awareness.
This is considered the same as heresy, which Socrates was found guilty of, as heresy is a religious opinion that contradicts the beliefs and teachings of the Roman Catholic. He was an atheist and did not believe that a God, or gods, existed.
Plato was a student, or a follower, of Socrates.
Plato's arguments were based on supposition; with an abstract form of deductive reasoning, one formulated a premise then sought confirmation of that premise in the material world. He was highly suspicious of empirical thought and observation and he dismissed the notion that anything of value in terms of truth could be found in the material world.
Thus, the answer to the question on the extent of difference in terms of an ethical and practical ways man lead their lives can be based on the concepts and views presented by the two philosophers.
In Plato’s Allegory