The end of WWII signified the definite transition of the U.S. from the isolationist economic powerhouse that it used to be in the 1920s to 1930s to the image of a super-power the USA is now widely considered to be…
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At the same time, the growth in power of the Stalinist USSR and the concerns with respect to the future of the world order after the decline of old European powers (Britain included) led the U.S. to intervene much more actively in the internal affairs of their partner (and satellite) states, contributing to the rise of anti-imperialist and anti-militarist mentality among the wide sectors of the American population. These two developments led directly to the transformation of the concept of American citizenship, which was now considered to be both a sign of super-power entitlement and a stigma connected with the U.S. ‘imperialist’ designs. In general, the end of WWII was met with immense jubilation by the U.S. public, as it was believed that the end of hostilities would bring about the new prosperity. However, already in 1946, the Fulton Speech by British statesmen Winston Churchill signified that the Western powers were to confront the Soviet opposition in the post-WWII settlement of the globe. Thus a picture of the new global rift emerged that pitted the USA against the allegedly ‘merciless’ Soviet communists. This generally Manichean worldview found its most visible expression in the McCarthyist campaign of anti-communist hysteria that was accompanied with veritable persecution of all alleged supporters of the Communist Party of the USA. Within a McCarthyist discourse, such individuals were regarded as traitors to not only the U.S. Federal government, but to a very ‘American Way of Life’ that was to be considered sacrosanct by all citizens. This inherently conservative interpretation focused on such symbols as private property, freedom of religion and free enterprise to rally the opponents of Soviet Communism around the visage of the American national identity. In this way, the American civic patriotism became increasingly associated with the notions of economic liberalism and social and political conservatism, which were now to co-exist in a potentially uneasy synthesis. It is characteristic that McCarthyist paid specific attention to the notions of citizenship, as disloyal elements, potentially of European migrant descent, were to be deprived of their American citizenship, if considered ‘un-American’. The activities of a famed House Committee for Un-American Activities (HUAC) may be considered an epitome of McCarthyist efforts to bring about such an outcome for their ideological opponents. Nevertheless, the McCarthyist project for the revamping of the American cultural and civic identity, with the subsequent de-liberalization of the American political culture, was bound to failure, as the significant segments of the American political elite were loath to allow the conservatives to monopolize the political agenda of the nation. The dismissal of McCarthy and the discrediting of his supporters meant that the U.S. elite were to move in direction of the socially liberal policies that were tried in the New Deal period. Both Eisenhower and Kennedy may be regarded as the consistent promoters of such a course, notwithstanding all understandable differences in their internal and foreign policies. The late 1950s saw the gradual de-emphasizing of the geo-political confrontation with the USSR, as the level of anxiety and concern with the Soviet threat began to subside after the death of Stalin and especially after the effective end of the Korean War. These two developments, together with the end of the post-WWII economic reconstruction and the definite beginning of an era of consumer spending and individual prosperity that was not seen and even imaginable in previous decades, helped re-define the concept of American citizens
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In essence, the war can be described as the persistent state of military and political tension between the two states. The Soviet Union and its associates were branded as the Eastern bloc while the United States and their allies were referred to as the Western bloc (Leffler, 2008).
Each had a highly contrasted sense of policy from the other, in terms of how the United States should take a stand towards the Cold War and what would be the most favorable policy for their victory and the Soviets’ defeat.
13]. In the immediate aftermath of the war, President Truman vowed to support both Greece and Turkey with military aid so that they would not fall to the expanding Soviet empire. The Cold War became a conflict over expansion. While the US was interested in promoting liberal democracies world-wide, the Soviet Union was equally interested in expanding communism [Hunter, 1998].
A concept of citizenship Introduction Citizen and the state are in mutual well-balanced relation. Harmonious relations between the citizen and the state are possible in case each party of the relations understands its obligations and responsibilities. Moreover, citizens of every country should be aware of their national obligations and rights and realize the fact that putting their efforts together would result in a common good.
The United State’s strategy during the Cold War shifted slightly, but also remained surprisingly constant. One of the pillars of this strategy was not ever involving the United States in direct confrontation with the Soviet Union: there was a very real fear that any direct confrontation between the two would lead to a nuclear war.
Communism was promoted by the USSR together with China. The desire for political supremacy between the two groups instigated the war. The target was the countries that had just gained independence. It turned into an economic as well as political war which favored some of the sides.
They used words as their weapons. They tried to show their opponents lower from each other. They played havoc with conflicts in different regions of the world as in case of Hot War, there would be much danger due to use of nuclear weapons.
Soviet Union took its alliance that were having communist system or were favoring the communist system.
The Nazis appropriated it and molded it into fascism and the Soviet leadership incorporated it into a form of class struggle.
Nazism can be seen as a much-intensified form of nationalism. The rise of Nazi ideology can be traced to early German nationalism, Bismarckian expansionism and the German nationalism of the First World War (Blaut, p.36).
By using the World Wide Web, people's perceptions are greatly affected on the information they gather from internet. It could be in the form of internet articles, broadcasted journals, websites entirely focused on a cause, discussion forums and etc. Discussion forums in particular, are web based applications that facilitates discussions among users.
phrase as it involved undeclared conflicts and tensions between the Soviet Union and United States whose causes, and the exact start date have not been exactly identified. Consequently, the commencing of the cold war is still a contentious issue today with debaters reflecting
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