The Development of Indian-EuroAmerican Relations from Contact to Removal Student ID: Course: Professor: The history of the United States of America is often considered in terms of the victors, the white Europeans who transformed the landscape of America after their own desires to form a white male democracy…
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This relationship has consistently been marred by violence, broken promises and mistrust, and remains a key part of the American history. Early Indian-EuroAmerican relations were an ever-changing and involving area, where perceptions on both sides were not static. Indians had the ability to play different European powers off against each other, and, likewise, the Europeans did this with different Indian tribes. At this time, the two groups existed in a continually revolving relationship. Some tribes became nomadic, taking advantage of the newly introduced horses, while others settled down into permanent villages and made use of agriculture supplemented by hunting and gathering. Even before the first contact with the Europeans, Indians represented a diverse set of tribes that had their own interests, waged their own wars and formed their own alliances. Once the contact had occurred, Indians often welcomed alliances with the Europeans, or bought weapons and goods that made their lives easier (Howe 26-28). Relations between Indians and Europeans were marred by a significant effect that the Europeans had on their population. As the Europeans came in contact with Indians, they often passed on diseases which they (Europeans) had resistance to, but the Indians did not. In general, this transference was not intentional, and in most cases the Europeans were probably not aware that they had the diseases, as their immune systems fought against the effects. These diseases resulted in a high number of fatalities (Howe 28). At this point in Indian-EuroAmerican relations, there was a strong focus on integrating the two cultural groups by ‘westernizing’ the Indians. Many Indian tribes adopted aspects of the European culture and often chose which components of the new culture to accept and which to ignore. For example, the Navajo tribe moved from being nomads to weavers, sheepherders and silversmiths. Many other tribes or individuals converted to Christianity while others maintained their traditional religious beliefs. Some believed that they should unify with the Europeans, creating a peaceful coexistence throughout the United States. Others felt that Indian tribes should unify with one another against the Europeans (Howe 27). Some tribes created alliances and treaties with the Europeans to secure their own tribal rights and to work on the creation of a unified culture. One example of this is the Muskogee tribe, known to the Europeans as the Creek Indians. The tribe negotiated with George Washington’s administration to create a treaty, and developed a legal written code and national council. However, the influence of the Europeans on this tribe was not uniform, and a dissident faction called “Red Stick” arose, which resented the influence that Europeans were having on their culture. The uprising was not successful and resulted in a significant amount of bloodshed (Howe 28-29). The war between the United States and Britain in 1812 also had a significant impact on Indian-EuroAmerican relations. Despite the fact that some tribes attempted to choose neutrality in the war, most were compelled to choose to support one side or another. This resulted in many Indians fighting alongside either Americans or Europeans against Indian families or friends (Howe 29). This was an important factor after the war too, because many Indians fought on the losing
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In the view of the author, the Act was enforced in the United States mainly in order to provide sufficient land to white invaders, to ensure security against foreign invaders, and to foster Native American civilization. However, the Indian Removal Act 1830 evidently violated the US constitution as the Indians were removed from their land by force.
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Cherokees. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was an act of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States on May 26, 1830 in order to empower President Andrew Jackson to direct the transfer of the five largest Indian tribes or the “Five Civilized Tribes” – the Choctaws, the Cherokees, the Seminoles, the Creeks, and the Chickasaws – from the Eastern States to the area west of the Mississippi River in order to allow white settlers to gain more access to the original Indian lands (“Indian Removal Act,” 2012).
These people are settled to the Indian Territory situation in Western United States that is now known as Oklahoma. During this force relocation massive deaths of people occurred and according to estimates around 4000 Cherokees were met to death in this harsh move (Perdue and Green, p121).
The experience of viewing Satellite Television by millions of audience across the region was significantly redefined most especially with the opening up of economies in the Asian continent. This is because the people had more alternatives to choose from than ever before.
It has some impact on the socio political and cultural sphere he is living. From that thought I just asked one person, who is an Indian to comment on his life development. I had a comprehensive interview with him. He was very much willing to talk about his life environment and its influence in building up his space.
Because of this lack of knowledge, poverty stricken reservations were created. Since Native American tribes were community orientated, they remained together in poverty. The loss would impact the Native American to this day. On the other hand, the American government granted the Cherokee’s right to self rule.
The Black Seminoles are descendents of free African-Americans and slaves who allied with the Indian Seminoles in Florida. This community was known as Seminole Negroes or Seminole maroon or simply the Seminole Indians in the 19th century but they came to be known as Black Seminoles in the 20th century. The Seminole were one of the "Five Civilized Tribes".
Aside from reaching competitive advantage, small family owned textile businesses will go into merging for long-term existence and wide coverage of penetration in the market. Furthermore, there will be a positive financial performance among those small family owned textile businesses that merged compared to those that did not merge.
This arc, mainly referring to such unstable areas as Melanesia, Papau New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands, has been considered by many in the Labor government as a neglected area. Furthermore, this camp sees Australia's contributed military support for the US-led campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan as a distraction from more pressing and threatening issues close to home?
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