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Salem Witch Trials - Research Paper Example

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SALEM WITCH TRIALS Name Class July 26, 2012-07-26 Introduction In January 1692, several girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, began experiencing strange “physical fits,” and their physician, William Griggs, concluded that they had been “bewitched.1” The bizarre fits started with the child and niece of Reverend Samuel Parris, the elected minister of Salem Village…
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Salem Witch Trials
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Download file to see previous pages During the seventeenth century, in accordance to British laws, colonists, who had been discovered to work with the devil or practice witchcraft, were considered as committing a felony.3 The first arrest for the alleged witches happened on February 29, 1692. The trials ended on October 29, 1692, after nineteen people were hanged and around 156 people were imprisoned.4 This paper describes the developments leading to the Salem Witch Trials. It provides a brief history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the events during the trials, as well as key personalities. It will also discuss what historians and researchers think are the reasons for the Salem Witch trials. They range from the feminist and economic analyses. They believed that the Salem Witch Trials is a product of public hysteria, the economic manipulation of the ministers, bitter and unresolved local conflicts, Puritan theocracy, and the influence of cultural stereotypes regarding witches. Brief History of Salem Village In 1609, Henry Hudson led the exploration of Massachusetts Bay. In 1620, pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower and created Plymouth. Six years afterwards, the Naumkeag Indians lived at numerous sites in Massachusetts. In addition, Roger Conant made Salem a trading post. In 1620, settlers wanted to “purify” the Calvinist Church and established strong Puritan beliefs and practices. The Massachusetts Bay Company formed the Massachusetts Bay Colony.5 A royal charter provided them the right to manage the Massachusetts Bay Colony. John Endecott soon started the first plantation in Salem.6 One year after, John Winthrop was appointed as the new governor and travelled to Massachusetts. In 1638, a small group of Puritans settled at what was then called as Salem Village. Throughout the pre-1692 period, before the witchcraft trials commenced, conflict developed in Massachusetts. Roach stressed: [t]he Salem witchcraft trials erupted during an eight-year war [King William’s War] while Massachusetts steered an unauthorized government with a nearly empty treasury through the hazards of French imperialism, Algonquin resentment, and English suspicion.7 The charter government increased the colonists’ unconstructive attitude toward civil authority.8 The villagers did not appreciate the double layer of authority imposed on them. In 1672, Salem Village was provided the authority to start a parish, hire a minister, and collect taxes for community projects. They created the Salem Village Parish and selected Samuel Parris to be their minister. In January 1692, the child and niece of Reverend Samuel Parris showed a bizarre form of sickness. His nine-year old daughter, Betty, and his niece, eleven-year-old Abigail Williams hid under chairs, contorted their bodies, lashed out their tongues, and spoke in outlandish languages.9 Without a physical explanation, Griggs stressed that the girls were bewitched. In February of the same year, Magistrates Jonathan Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin “examined” the witnesses.10 In May, Governor William Phipps created the Special Court of Oyer and Terminer to “hear and determine” the witch cases.11 Several months after that, nineteen of the accused were hanged, while hundreds were detained. The Events and Personalities of the Salem Witch Trials After what happened to the girls of the Parris’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Salem Witch Trials
Certain individuals believe that religious and political issues played a major role in causing the trials. The main reasons that caused the trials to take place are associated with the strange behaviors exhibited by Betty Parris and her cousin. These two young girls accused that Tituba an Indian slave and two other white females for practicing witchcraft and making the girls behave in strange manner.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
What brought about the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 What does this story tell us about the role/place of women in colonial America
It was a highly tensed and stressed time period in North America where the colony of Massachusetts was experiencing a tough transition phase of attaining the royal province period (Marilynne, p98). The colonized people of the Salem Village saw their colonization as a punishment for their sins.
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Salem Witch Trials or Womens Rights
The trials were viewed as women’s up rise in fighting for their rights as a fraction of women were empowered at the expense of others living in the society (Buchanan, 18). They were integrated by becoming one after the incidence as they were looking for ways to prevent such atrocities perpetrated by their oppressors, men from repeating itself in the society.
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Coming of Age - Faith or Tempation
The characters, the symbols as well as the imagery have been derived from biblical as well as other sources and allow a greater understanding of Hawthorne’s unexplained sides. The psychoanalytic interpretation of “Young Goodman Brown” allows the reader to transcend into the inner world of Hawthorne that had been riddled with guilt for the actions of his forefathers.
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The Salem Witch Trials - How Did it Lead to a Less Religious Society
Since the medieval times, people all over the world have provided adequate evidence of their belief in witches. As enlightened by efficient and well known scholars, more than half the people of this world have the belief that witches and witchcraft influence their life in an essential manner (Wilson, 7).
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Causes of Salem wWtch Trials
Over 300 years after the fascinating story of the Salem witch-hunt, historians and scholars have continued to study the incident (Magoon, 2008). The colony of Massachusetts where the incident took place was small with scattered population and Puritans who were very strict in their Christians beliefs dominated the colony.
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Salem Witch Trials
In an effort to continuously inflict that idea amongst their female counterparts, the males had resorted to several mal practices such as abusive language and physical oppression. At its most extreme point, a woman was often stigmatized as a witch and a mockery of justice served in almost all the cases that convicted her to be guilty.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Compare the representation on I tituba, black witch of salem (Maryse conde's) and the salem witch trials in the Crucible, film based on Arthur miller's play
Historians are of the opinion that Tituba used to entertain the children of Samuel Parris by telling Caribbean fables whereas Samuel’s wife told them English
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Salem Witch Trials (US HISTORY)
The trials were conducted as hearings and prosecutions of individuals, who were accused of witchcraft between 1692 and 1693 (Roach 24). The
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The Crucible by Arthur Miller
Arthur Millers inspiration for writing The Crucible came from the events that surrounded the McCarthy trials and their similarity to the historical Salem Witch
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