Propaganda is a way of communication that aims at influencing and manipulating the attitudes of the society towards some position or cause. It is usually repeated and dispensed over a wide variety of media so as to establish the desired impact in audience attitudes…
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U.S propaganda and the Nazi Germany
Propaganda and war is aimed at influencing people’s attitudes and perception towards the war rather than being involved in open dialogue (Randal, 2002). American propaganda during world war was used to increase American commitment and support for the war. American propagandists used various media to foment animosity and hatred against American enemies especially the Nazi Germans, Authoritarian Italy and Aggressive Japan. For instance, American propagandists persuaded American people to fully participate in the war by urging them to do what they can by providing war materials such as victory gardens and to extent that they sold war bonds. Americans perceived propaganda as a tool of totalitarian dictatorship.
In addition, they recalled with fear and anger the fervor of the First World War propaganda efforts, which was recognized as violation of human rights as well as dissemination of wrong information. The United States was reluctant to participate in propaganda campaigns but it succumbed to pressure from business sector, media and advertisers who wanted the government to take active role in propaganda campaigns. In 1944, policy makers in the U.S began convincing Americans to accept the harsh peace for the German citizens since it was thought that the German people and the Nazi party were different entities.
Hitler was often depicted in scenarios ridiculing and embarrassing him, and that cartoons always portrayed him in caricature. Hitler’s rule was often satirized. In order to raise war morale and motivation, American cartoonists often released cartoons showing Hitler as doomed. He and Nazi-Germans were depicted as fools to an extent that a German father was scolded saying that Germans did not eat food instead they ate countries. Among authoritarian regimes of the time such as Japan and Italy, Nazi-German was seen as the deadliest threat to the Americans. American propaganda often stereotyped Germans as evil and bad people in posters and films, despite the fact that many crimes or atrocities were ascribed by Hitler and Nazis. Similarly, American propaganda did not leave out other authoritarian regimes such as Italy and Japan in that they always portrayed as evil and bad. For instance, Mussolini appeared in an editorial Cartoon which presented him as a two-bit dictator. In Japan, propaganda depicted Japanese as uncivilized and foreign enemy of the United States of America just like Italy and Nazi-Germany. Basing on samurai traditions, American propagandists depicted Japanese as blindly ruthless and fanatic with a history of looking and desiring for an overseas conquest. More so, they argued that Japanese people were one mindless and unified mass that had no vision. The U.S applied propaganda to influence and manipulate its citizens. In addition, propaganda in war is used in deceiving your friends with lying to the enemies. On the other hand, between States, it involves lying about potential acquisition and development of new and powerful weapons, which can be used to convince other nations that something which is feasible, is in fact not in order to pour disinforming party a head start in looking for the technology/weapons (Andrew, 2011). The use of propaganda in war is applicable with the compliance of mass media and popular culture that allows it to proclaim a new mobilization of society and military against an imagined or real enemy without altering the status quo
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in Ramakrishna 13). This definition suggests that propaganda is the device used by organizations to persuade and manipulate individuals to serve their own vested interests. This view is certainly true in the context of totalitarian regimes as history has shown only too often.
What Role Did Science Play In Nazi Attitudes To Race?
When Nazi Germany is mentioned, what comes to one’s mind are the Second World War and the Holocaust. The Holocaust brings to mind the murder of six million Jews and people of other races. What many fail to understand is how the Nazi’s comfortably massacred millions of people, merely because they belonged to a different human race.
As an example, in the United States at the beginning of the 20th, propaganda posters with the development of the concept of Uncle Sam to gain citizen support through the recognition of pride and responsibility for being an American for the cause of World War I.
(See Appendix I – “Even the Youngest Want to Take Hitler’s Picture” – First Image on page 7; Appendix II – “Jobs” – Second Image on page 9) “Total” in the context of propaganda is pertaining to the use of medium when sending out the leader’s messages across a group of audiences which aims to capture and win the support of people5.
As such, these dynamic figures ushered in a new era in which the West was brought face to face with words such as totalitarianism, fascism, National Socialism, and the realities of a disintegrated Europe that increasingly relied on ideological remedies to systemic problems.
Nazis believed that Jews have no one-basic ideology and movement whereas on the other hand, to preserve their own existence Jews were associated with various other movements and ideologies (Mosse). Nazi ideology was seriously confronted by nationalism and its supporters.
We should deeply explore different aspects of human nature and do our best such events and situations not to be repeated in the future. The paper has argued that human beings are by nature rational and good (or at least not evil), but in some extreme situations they can do things which contradict human nature.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the United States used propaganda to influence American feelings; propaganda was used to promote ill will toward the enemies and to influence to work harder for the war effort was the main purpose for WWII propaganda in the United States.
Germany was forced by the Allies to accept its defeat in war and it also had to sign the Treaty of Versailles, which was very harsh for the Germans as it would have to pay for reparations, lose all territories and almost become incapable for another war as it had to take full responsibility for the previous war, World War I (Trueman, 2000).
States have moved from totalitarianism to become democratic, showing their concern for the people and embracing human rights and freedoms. Totalitarianism was not an unusual practice in Europe in the 20th century, and Nazi Germany
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