Name Professor Module Date The American Revolution, Civil War and Reconstruction: Determinants and Outcomes The period from the American Revolution through the Civil War to the Reconstruction is characterized by crises and strains as the nation sought to establish its identity and socio-economic and political organization…
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The interplay between African American and White elite’ history, alongside women’s movements and status can effectively bring out the themes of changing fortunes in relation to civil rights and dominance during the period under scrutiny. This study discusses the Civil War, the Reconstruction and the plights of African Americans, women and White elites during the period from the American Revolution to the Civil war. The thesis for the study is that the freedom spirit and equality as laid out in the Declaration of Independence were not maintained during this period. THE CIVIL WAR The American Civil War is one of the country’s stand-out points from a historical perspective. It is a fascinating aspect of American history in terms of the factors leading to the war, the course of the war and finally, its outcomes. As McPherson (2) explains, the Civil War broke out due to differences surrounding the right to engage in slavery between the free and slave states. According to Boyer et al. (443), both the North and South were largely unprepared for the war. This is discernible from the small armies existing at the beginning of the war and the lack of supportive structures for war. For instance, both sides lacked proper tax collection mechanisms, poor navies and underdeveloped railway lines. Boyer et al. argue that the first two years of the war involved the two sides heavily overcoming such deficiencies. The North and the South mobilized for war through conscription, rallying and budgetary allocations. The course of war was largely expected to swing in favor of the South (the Confederacy), as opposed to the North (the Union). Parallels with the American Revolution assured this, as the North faced the daunting task of forcing the South back to the Union while the South fought for independence. To subdue the South, the North had to be on the offensive, and that is over vast geographical areas. Although the Union was better equipped for war in terms of military size, railroad development and overall industrial development- its war resources paled in light of the just discussed challenge. The early course of the war made the South to win decisive victories and support (Boyer et al. 450-454). The main determinant of the outcome of the civil war revolved around the war picking the theme of independence especially in the North. This change in theme was to a large extent based on the qualities of the then President, Abraham Lincoln. McPherson (43) argues that, Lincoln’s abilities as a statesman and a politician alongside his steadfast stance on the value of the war, won support from the Northern population and ultimately the war itself. Grant and Reid (40) support this view, arguing that Lincoln made his analysis of the long term future of the USA known to all. He categorically viewed the US as either wholly free or wholly slave, and presented the Republican Party as inclined towards the extinction of slavery. Individuals against the war represented standing for slavery and vice versa. Thus, Lincoln effectively rallied the population, further helped by a stream of victories over the South (41). The exploits of the North’s generals- such as General Sherman- and the reelection of Lincoln effectively saw the North emerge victorious after four years of brutal war. Officially, slavery had ended and the North stepped in to govern the
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It was also aimed at enhancing racial equality especially after the blacks were freed from slavery. The period thus began with presidential Reconstruction with Abraham Lincoln on the helm of leadership but his Reconstruction plan was moderate in nature and set conditions for rebel states to rejoin the union.
His book is broken into chapters concerning one element of the reconstruction phase, such as the Train industry, or how the economy was influenced. Ayers’ writing does not just refer to the train industry and what part it played in the reconstruction. He also speaks to what was going on in the daily life of southern citizens and how important the elections were.
The abolitionist North’s decided victory in the Civil War further boosted up the country’s clear constitutional and legal stance against slavery. But the defeated South was not ready for an overnight end to slavery, though both constitutionally and legally it was abolished in country.
slaves, just immediately after the American civil wars; thanks to the civil war, I would be a slave somewhere in one of the northern farms at the moment. Working tirelessly under the cruel scorching sun with a whip menacingly dangling from my back, I would be hopeless still. Oh!
This paper tells that the reconstruction was a success in that it helped address a number of fundamental issues that affected the American society chief of which included the fate of African Americans as free citizens and the unification of the nation. Some people see it as a failure since it was characterized by corruption, racial discrimination, and misgovernment.
However, the union had largely been a consequence in point of time and after the revolution the idea of establishing a grand consolidated government of the thirteen states that had gained independence was really upheld in the north but only tolerated in the south.
It would moreover turn out to be a world leader and set an example.
The Revolution played a vital part in brings about a change in the economy. Like nearly all wars, the American revolution made the economy even more strong. It generated a lot of business for workers who had jobs in small shops.
inally such power conflict led to one of the greatest bloodbaths in the American history that still casts is its impact over the common people of the nation. Adoption of the Articles of Confederation had a great role to play in paving the path towards the mass destruction that
With reference to the context, The American Civil War was triggered due to few definite issues related to rights, inequality and slavery among others. The American Civil War has been considered in this discussion so as to evaluate the meaning of the civil war.
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