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On Affirmative Action - Essay Example

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Affirmative Action Instructor Class Name Date Introduction Affirmative action is defined by the NAACP as action whose purpose is to provide opportunities for minorities and women. Affirmative action was first established in 1961 by President Kennedy whose goal was to relieve the discrimination in place in employment, business and education that was easily evident…
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Essay on Affirmative Action
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"On Affirmative Action"

Download file to see previous pages Finally I will mention any new or recent developments in affirmative action or upcoming related acts or actions and how it is possible for the United States to continue to move forward and away from discrimination in its many forms. Body Affirmative action has been described as many things over the course of time. The environment in which it is being used, the people who are using it and the situation in which it is being used are all contributors to what it is being defined as. It has consistently been one of the most controversial issues within the United States, being redefined by government, added to and revised. Because there has been constant debate it is obvious that affirmative action is indeed very significant. Many policies are in place that uses the label of affirmative action (R Kellough, p5) and different approaches for affirmative action have much different implications such as for non-discrimination and equal opportunity. Regardless of how affirmative action is being used it should be considered a policy whose primary purpose is to promote the redistribution of opportunity. This is the best description, applying in nearly every situation where affirmative action is the goal. ...
The issue was later reaffirmed by President Johnson with executive order 11246 in 1965. More specific goals were started in private sectors, with percentages being used as to how many individuals from a minority group a company should have and be considered one who had taken affirmative action steps. As you can imagine these numbers and percentages themselves became controversial. Affirmative action was originally described as one that would ensure equal opportunity, yet if organizations are using percentages and numerical ways of diversifying their workforce is that a policy providing an equal opportunity to each individual? Should the company be heavily employing white individuals and decide that to reach their projected quota that demonstrates affirmative action they must now hire only minority individuals, is that a practice in keeping with the original sentiment of affirmative action? The goal of non-discrimination is strongly supported, the public as a whole supports outreach programs yet the debate and dissatisfaction is strongest against preferential treatment on the basis of being a minority group, claiming this then becomes reverse discrimination and does not follow the intentions of affirmative action. In the University of California vs. Bakke the Supreme Court suggested the idea that race could be used as a factor in admissions to the institute but to do so would imply that all other factors were equal (R Kellough, p 16). This case became quite famous as it was usual for the court before this time for the court to rule against Universities and colleges who used numerical data as a means of deciding on admissions. Bakke filed suit on the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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