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On International Security - Essay Example

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Grade Course: 15th December 2011 Disarmament The issue of international security is a very delicate matter that could possible result into catastrophic events if handled in the wrong way.1 Some countries like Iran have openly announced the ineffectiveness of the existent treaties- treaties that have been depended on not only by the UN but by the international community to prevent an unprecedented nuclear arms race…
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Essay on International Security
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On International Security

Download file to see previous pages... The accumulation of protective nuclear weapons will catapult more countries to enter the race in anticipation of possible attacks and this could jeopardize the world peace to a great extent.2 A good and viable solution to the problem of nuclear weapons would be the multilateral disarmament that is supervised in order to guarantee effectiveness (Emmet 69, Marcus 290). Historical perspective The Eisenhower’s Atoms for peace program was launched in the 1950s. At around the same time, Iran with the backing of USA embarked on a mission to study the possibility of producing nuclear energy. USA agreed to provide Iran with enriched uranium to facilitate this research. The relationship was mutual since USA was getting an opportunity to invest in Iran while Iran was getting a chance to get an alternative to the expensive petroleum fuel. In the year 1968, Iran signed the NPT treaty and six years after the signing of NPT, they also signed the Safeguard Agreement with IAEA. France entered a joint cooperation for nuclear energy research with Iran in the 1970s in what was known as the Darkhovin project. Germany came on board the same year in the project that was codenamed the Bushehr project. The two countries supplied Iran with nuclear fuel and also helped in the construction of the nuclear plants (Marcus 200). The first sign of trouble came in 1979 during the Iran-Iraq war. America got concerned that Iran was not just after nuclear fuel but was also producing nuclear weapons. On hearing this, France and Germany withdrew their support from the projects that they were supporting in Iran. During the Iran-Iraq war, some nuclear reactors in Iran were hit and Iran seized US hostages. That was the beginning of bad diplomatic relations with US. The US became vocal in its disagreement to the production of the nuclear weapons by Iran. Through the influence that US had, it blocked the relations of Iran with countries like China, Russia, Argentina and others as a way of frustrating their efforts of making the nuclear weapons. The lack of heightened support to Iran’s research initiatives resulted in a go slow for them (Alva, 88). When Iraq’s nuclear weapons were discovered during the gulf war of 1991, coupled with the fact that America was increasingly becoming a force to reckon with, Iran was inspired to continue with its earlier mission of developing nuclear weapons. Iran’s efforts got a boost from Russia in 1995 when Russia agreed to support the program and even paid for the fuel of the program.3 They also continued constructing the reactors that Germany and France had abandoned earlier on. In the same year, Iran began soliciting support from china, North Korea and Pakistan in the Darkhovin project. Since America was no longer providing them with uranium enrichment, Iran decided to construct nuclear plants and other facilities. Most countries believed that Iran was using the guise of making nuclear fuel while it was actually working on making nuclear weapons. Many countries highly doubt that Iran has the sole purpose to meet energy needs in its own country but it’s also or just the disguise to develop nuclear weapons. In fact, a nuclear bomb project as intercepted and halted in the year 2003. Countries Response to Iran and DPRK’s Issues Israel - which is interestingly not a signatory of the NPT, and which is also ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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