The American civil war is one of the most important events in US History. Not only did it revolutionize the US constitution, but it changed the life of many who had previously been living in conditions of slavery…
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It is estimated that over three million soldiers took part in the civil war, with two million fighting for the Union states and one million fighting for the Confederate states (Catton & McPherson, 2004). Around 600,000 of these soldiers died in combat, making it the deadliest war in American history (Catton & McPherson, 2004). One of the main reasons for the American civil war was that many people in the northern states felt that slavery was immoral and unnecessary, whilst those in the south wanted to keep their slave-owning plantation way of life. It is easy to understand why those in possession of slaves would want to keep their lifestyle and their cheap labor source, but why did non-slave owners fight in the civil war? Inequality Whilst it may seem ridiculous to some to support a system that does not benefit yourself, such as non-slave owners supporting slavery in the civil war, but there are many reasons why. One of the main reasons is that black people and white people were not seen as equal at the time. The general consensus of the time was that those of African descent were a slave race (Hansen, Gallagher & Jakes, 2010) and deserved to be treated as such. This is one of the reasons why inequality lasted for such a significant amount of time after the civil war; it was difficult for some people to accept equality. Despite many soldiers fighting for the Confederate states not owning slaves, it may be that these individuals wished to maintain the quality of life. In the case of those who were termed ‘poor whites’, it may have been that they enjoyed being part of a system in which they were superior to one set of people; the African slaves. The abolition of slavery meant that everyone was equal, but those with money still retained some superiority. Those who were part of the ‘poor white’ lost their superiority altogether and may have felt uncomfortable with this idea. The culture of slavery was deep-rooted in society at the time and many are often uncomfortable with changes to the social order, and this may have been an example of this phenomenon (Catton & McPherson, 2004). The abolition of slavery did require a significant change to the social system of the day, so the Confederate supporters were not wrong to be worried. However, in recent decades the status of African Americans is now seen as equal to that of whites in the United States, so it is evident that some time has shown that there was a reason to fight for this equality, despite the problems it may have caused the Confederate soldiers at the time. It is interesting to consider how those labelled ‘poor whites’ of the day reacted to the abolition of slavery, and how they were now seen as equal to black, whereas prior to this the colour of their skin still set them apart. This was probably one of the major reasons why non-slave owners fought in the civil war. State Pride Something that may be easier to understand for modern Americans is the concept of state pride. As the ownership of slaves was so deeply ingrained into culture, some soldiers may have wanted to go to war to prevent themselves being under the legislation of the Union states who did not necessarily understand the way of life in the south (Hansen, Gallagher & Jakes, 2010). In many cases, soldiers would have been proud to be fighting for their state, despite their beliefs or their slave ownership status. Slavery was one of the main issues in the American civil war, but it was not the only one. Many people on both sides of the civil war believed in what is known as State Sovereignty, which essentially maintains the right of each individual state to control and create its own laws (Catton & McPherson, 2004). The Union was fighting to unite the states, both southern and northern, to create a more harmonious single
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The research examines the war-led Confederate legislation, introduced between 1862 and 1865, concerning military conscription and related general orders, circulars, etc. The research also explores personal witnesses and memoirs that would additionally shed light on the issue of slaves’ involvement with the Confederate Army.
Rachels weeping for their children and refusing to be comforted; that the free states that refused to listen when they were told of lingering starvation, cold, deprivation, and barbarous cruelty, as perpetrated on the slave, should have lingering starvation, cold, hunger, and cruelty doing its work among their own sons, at the hands of these slave-masters, whose sins our nation had connived” - Harriet Beecher Stowe (Charles Stowe and Lyman Stowe, Harriet Beecher Stowe: The Story of Her Life, 192).
1). Background to the civil war was the political instable condition in the early twentieth century Greece when General Loannis Metaxas usurped power in a fascist way dictatorship, sowing the seeds of strife. After the death of Metaxas in 1941 there was no one to take control of Greece.
James Fearon (2007), defines a civil war as "a violent conflict within a country fought by organized groups that aim to take power at the center or in a region, or to change government policies". Since it is a protracted internal violence and as compared to interstate wars it may last for decades (Fearon and Laitin 2003; Fearon 2004), therefore it can be differentiated from revolution or coup d'etat.
From a historical perspective, Reconstruction Era ensued immediately after the American civil war. It covered a period of 12 years from 1865-1877. Civil war took place in the Southern region, and emerged as an armed struggle between the Northern Union and the Southern states.
Rebel factions and governments take part in protracted wars as each group tries to seize control of the vast mineral resources. On the other hand, lack of the resources can also lead to conflicts Somalia being a case in example (Weberisk, 2008). Natural resources have become an important source of revenue for warring groups since the end of Cold War (Cramer, 2006).
However, in the history of the United States, since freeing themselves from British control, no war has ever been fought on American soil, accept one; the American Civil War. This war began when the Unions pressures to disband and do away with the slave industry that the south was entirely dependent upon.
Several other factors were also involved in building up to this conflict. The differences in culture between the north and the south set up difficulties to do with governance. The two economic structures had totally different bases, which could have been complementary, but
The cause of the war was due to the pressing issue of slavery. Majority of the rebel states did not want slavery to be extended to the west states(Richards, 2000, p. 9). The spread of slavery to the west could mean more slaves being
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