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Louisiana Purchase: the Most Important Acquisition of the US History - Research Paper Example

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Name Name of Professor The Louisiana Purchase: The Most Important Acquisition of the U.S. History In 1800, when Thomas Jefferson was voted for the presidency, the adjustment to Republican power implied a conversion in foreign policy from the commercial thinking and rigid realism of Alexander Hamilton to nationalistic boldness of Jefferson (Kennedy 2003)…
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Download file to see previous pages It was a unique paradigm of foreign policy: a combination of ambitious goal and self-centered national objective. In 1802, the first challenge to the foreign policy of Jefferson came when he chose to deal with the Barbary bandits who blocked vessels in the surrounding area of their harbors in the Mediterranean Coast of Africa and asked for a fee or ‘tribute’ (Findling & Thackeray 1997, 1). Even though this process has been occurring since the 1780s, the President saw it an insult to American integrity and dispatched the U.S. navy to the vicinity to safeguard U.S. commercial transport. But the greatest accomplishment of Jefferson as a U.S. president, even though it damaged his political ideals, was the Louisiana Purchase (Findling & Thackeray 1997). This area is cone-shaped and comprised several of the existing plains states and extended down to New Orleans’s port city. In 1763, Spain had gained this area as an outcome of the Indian and French War (Channing 1906). However, Napoleon Bonaparte, the undisputed leader of France at the time, regained Louisiana in 1800 from Spain as payment for several areas somewhere else. Napoleon aimed to convert Louisiana into a food source for his territories in the French West Indies and finally put a stop to their reliance on the U.S. (Channing 1906). Yet in 1800, according to Williams (1956), Napoleon was heavily engaged in the military actions in Europe; neither material resources nor labor was accessible to take up and rebuild Louisiana. Another issue arose when Napoleon attempted to build a naval headquarters at Haiti, Santo Domingo for security against the British naval forces. In 1801, a slave rebellion headed by Haitian champion Toussaint L’Ouverture took place (Williams 1956). Napoleon dispatched armed forces to the area, and large numbers of Americans believed that it would effortlessly extinguish the fire in Santo Domingo and afterward advance to invade New Orleans and possibly East and West Florida too. If this were to happen, it would endanger American security and could result in the ultimate incorporation of neighboring U.S. areas into the French kingdom (Findling & Thackeray 1997). To put a stop to this, Jefferson was ready to collaborate with Great Britain. Anyhow, French troops were almost defenseless against the Haitian mutineers and a spate of yellow fever. At long last, Napoleon’s side lost 70,000 soldiers, and Haiti finally gained independence (Findling & Thackeray 1997, 2). According to Byrd (1960), this tragedy forced the Napoleon to reevaluate his aims about an American kingdom. He realized that maybe it was not a very wise plan nevertheless; invading Europe could be a wiser idea. In the meantime, with its difficulties in Haiti, the French emperor decided not to take up Louisiana, and there were no difference from the time Spain had owned the area. Certainly, Spain still exerted minor control in Louisiana, and authority over the utilization of New Orleans’s harbor, which the U.S. had been assured under the Pinckney’s Treaty’s conditions (Byrd 1960). However, in 1802, Spain unexpectedly pulled out authorization for the U.S. to utilize New Orleans, in breach of the agreement. This made the city vulnerable to French ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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