Comparisons and contrasts wage labor with slavery during the colonial and early 19th century American experience - Essay Example

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Slavery and wage labor Introduction Slavery and wage labor were the main sources of labor offered in America during the colonial period and in early 19th Century. Slavery is the owning of one or more individuals and manipulating them for personal interests…
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Comparisons and contrasts wage labor with slavery during the colonial and early 19th century American experience
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"Comparisons and contrasts wage labor with slavery during the colonial and early 19th century American experience"

Slavery and wage labor had negative impacts on individuals well being in America during the colonial period and early 19th century. Formation and control of labor forces During the colonial period labor forces were formed and controlled in different ways. Slavery and wage labor were the major forms of labor that were offered during this period. Slavery was based mainly on social stratification (Dizzo95 2:35-5:15). Classes existed in the American society; there was a class of bourgeoisies and proletariats. Proletariats came for low social class therefore they were forced to work on the plantations of the rich. This chain of poverty was maintained where children of the poor were automatically subjected to slavery. Another form of acquiring slaves was through sentencing of debtors. Any individual who was not in position of settling debts was automatically made a slave. His freedom would only be granted upon settling of the debt. Unlike slave labor wage labor was voluntarily offered by the laborers. There need for sustaining themselves forced them to look for jobs that could offer them a living. Wage laborers had all the freedom of choosing where to work but did not have a choice to decide amount of payments to be offered (Servant2All 1:00-3:55). It can be noted that slave labor and wage labor was acquired from people of low social class. Due to lack of means to sustain there families wage laborers were forced to work for the bourgeoisies. Both labor forces were controlled by certain laws that were put in place by the masters. Any individual that went against these laws faced harsh punishment. Tor instance in slave labor, any laborer going against master’s laws was thoroughly beaten and also denied basic rights. On the other hand wage laborer going against laws lost his or her job. In both wage labor and slave labor workers were offered identity cards that were useful in identifying what master they worked for (Servant2All 4:00- 5:19). Gendered experiences During this period of slavery in America roles were assigned on gender lines in addition to that they were segregated. Women were mostly confined in the southern parts of America while men in the northern parts. Wage labor on the other hand, the laborers had the freedom of working together regardless of gender. The main aim was to provide for their families upkeep. The laborers in wage labor had all the freedom in choosing the master they were to work for. Slaves did not have this freedom of choice, they were not in position to choose what master they were to work for, therefore endured all the working conditions (JNoire 0:45-1: 45) In both slavery and wage labor roles were assigned on gender basis. Women performed domestic chores for their masters like cooking and washing, while men focused on tasking jobs like ploughing. The working conditions of both genders were bad for they were all subjected to hard tasks, and went for long hours without resting. As much as laborers in wage labor were offered wages, they could not be able to sustain their families (JNoire 2:13-5:00). Resistance movements The issue of slavery and wage labor was perceived differently by people all over the world. There are those that support slavery while others greatly oppose slavery. Among the individuals who opposed slavery were the missionaries, humanitarian and philanthropists. Missionaries hold on a view that every individual Read More
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