Common Sense or Plain Truth? History has been viewed from a variety of perspectives. Marx saw it as a struggle between workers and property owners. Religious people have viewed it as a war battle between god and Satan. Some even contend that it is the slow unfolding of a giant conspiracy…
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In Europe the concept of democracy was especially held in scorn. Underlying this attitude was the belief that the common man was incapable of ruling himself, being naturally lacking in intelligence, virtue and nobility. Thus monarchs appointed by God did the work of keeping the nations from dissolving into anarchy and barbarism. Great Britain in the 1700s was an example of a constitutional monarchy. It had a king, to be sure, but over the years he had gone from being an absolute dictator to one of many arms of government, with his power checked to a degree by charters, Parliament and the English public. To loyal English subjects this system seemed quite fair. It avoided the excesses of despotic rule while also ensuring that the ignoble peasants were kept in line. Even more, an ambitious commoner might even rise to a position of wealth and moderate prominence – though he would also be less than a nobleman. Examples of British subjects who attained these levels are George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, who would later be the chief architects of the American Revolution. For many in the American colonies, however, good old British rule was a silly anachronism that had to be swept away, so that the rightful rulers of society, the people themselves, could truly self govern. One of the most vocal and articulate of these libertines was Thomas Paine. Paine’s Common Sense was more than a political tract. it was in itself a revolutionary way of seeking political change. As mentioned before, the idea that the common person was qualified to judge matters of state was generally considered ludicrous. The established view was that people of superior breeding, with titles and possessing all the benefits of classical education, were the only ones who were competent to judge matters pertaining to a nation as a whole. Paine spoke directly against this view, calling the British monarchy a corrupt institution that governed poorly, oppressed the populace and lived parasitically off of the fruit of other’s labors while producing little of value. In one section he says this most plainly: In England a king hath little more to do than to make war and give away places; which in plain terms, is to impoverish the nation and set it together by the ears. A pretty business indeed for a man to be allowed eight hundred thousand sterling a year for, and worshipped into the bargain! Of more worth is one honest man to society and in the sight of God, than all the crowned ruffians that ever lived. Paine advocated nothing less than the dissolution of the monarchy, to be replaced with a congress of representatives that would be directly elected by the people and directly accountable to them for their governing decisions. The congress would have a president that it would elect, and any legislation that became law would require a 60% majority of votes. The truly radical thing about Common Sense was not only the ideas it proposed but the way it which it did so. Prior to its publication political treatises were written by men of letters, and made copious references to medieval and Renaissance academics, renowned philosophers and scholars known only to the highly educated. Paine took a different approach. He used no Latin and no lengthy ivory tower arguments. Instead he wrote in direct, simple language easily understood by farmers, merchants and skilled trades people. (Smith 69)Even the
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(Thomas Payne's 'Common Sense Vs. James Chalmer'S Plain Truth Essay)
“Thomas Payne's 'Common Sense Vs. James Chalmer'S Plain Truth Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1432898-thomas-payne-s-common-sense-vs-james-chalmer-s.
In Of the Origin and Design of Government in General, the unknown author makes clear about the sharp distinction between society and government. In doing this, he is able to criticize the latter without criticizing the former. In fact, Paine generally views the government in a negative fashion: “restraining our vices.” As we shall see, Paine has a reason why he distinguishes these two entities (i.e., government and society).
It focused on assessing the role that the principles of common sense played in human life both on social and intellectual levels. Philosophers that developed the ideas of common sense asserted that people come already equipped with a special ability to perceive specific notions, truths, etc by intuition.
He was the first man to use the term “Independence” in his writing in response to the conflict that occurred on April 19, 1775. In 1776, he documented a pamphlet referred as “Common Sense” that prompted the discussions on liberty and freedom, which inspired the ancestors to secede from England.
He first reflects the government and religious standings of the society. He then proceeds to scrutinize the particular happenings at the colonial situation. His first analysis begins with dissimilarity between the society and government. According to Paine, a society refers to everything that is good and constructive and joins people together in pursuits of their accomplishments.
The vision of human nature that Paine had was that a society in its every state should be a blessing but the government even at its best state is evil. Paine believed that government birth all evil like loss of innocence lives.
But, does this mean truth is concealed when senses are trusted If so, how can the truth be uncovered when a deduction is based upon perception
The focal point to be addressed here deals primarily on whether or not trusting the senses leads to the truth. Vague as it is but a sound investigation must start on philosophers who had taken such interests in the senses and their relationship to the truth.
To help illustrate this argument for American independence, Paine imagines a situation where a bunch of people are stranded together on a desolate island. After a short time, these people begin to get along with one another; however, they need
At the time such independence was being raised a matter of contention on indecisive grounds, “Common Sense” in particular became popular in its argumentative content which favored the American colonists who had long sought freedom from the
ch Revolution can very well be blamed on Paine’s ‘Rights of Man’ while ‘The Age of Reason’ ignites in us the capability to base our morality and belief in terms of reason and rationality.
Out of sight, out of mind this quote greatly explains why Paine is basically
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