Malaysia - Mahathir politics
Policies such as New Economic Policy and National Development Policy were an attempt to improve the lifestyles and incomes of Malays, which were the local people of Malaysia. …
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These policies have created heated debates in the country and recently Prime Minister Najib Razak did appear to be taking a U-turn by introducing New Economic Model to ensure development across all regions, races, and sectors of the economy (Hooker & Othman, pp. 47-48, 2003).
Before coming in power as the Prime Minister of the country, Mahathir Mohammad took a bold stance by writing the book titled “The Malay Dilemma”. He believed that the Malay Dilemma is the fact that many different ethnic groups and communities have ruled the country, learned the language of the native people, took over the resources and business of their ancestors, and exploited them for their own good throughout the Malaysian History. He believed that the Malays had become strangers and salves in their own land. They have the biggest stake in the country and the growing discontent amongst these people was the main cause of the racial riots in the country. The dilemma is that the Malays are forced to accept the systematic steps taken by the government to give them exposure in the economy and according to Mahathir; they should accept it to move forward in order to create an integrated, peaceful, and ethnically diverse Malaysian society (Cheah, pp. 301-302, 2002).
During his era, Mahathir placed immense importance on Islam and Islamic principles during his regime in the country. Mahathir believed that Islam strongly stresses on equality and social justice in all lifestyles and the inability of the people to follow those and principles and the inability of the government to implement the same has remained the major cause behind the amplification of Malay Dilemma (Hunter, pp. 264-268).
Mahathir gets the credit for the economic progress and development that he brought to the country, which started in the year 1990 when the previous economic policy expired. Mahathir’s National Development Policy was aimed at increasing the share of Malays in the national income to 30 percent, reducing poverty in the country, attracting foreign investment through liberalization and free market economy, improving the infrastructure in the country and others. Until 1997, the Malaysian economy grew at an annual average growth rate of 9 percent. However, the 1998 Asian financial crisis did happen to put the brakes on country’s economic growth (Khoo, 74-75, 2003). In his early years of power, Mahathir has realized that the Dakwah movement is a strong force and in order to ensure his power, he will have to focus on the same as well. Therefore, under Mahathir’s administration, the government placed great importance on Islam and with the help of Anwar Ibrahim, the finance minister of Malaysia then, a process of Islamization started in the country with government adopting a “look east” rather than “look west” policy. In addition, this resulted in increased media coverage for Islam and Islamic issues, increasing funds for Islamic religious organizations, founding Islamic banks and Islamic insurance companies, including Islamic teachings and principles in the school curriculum and others (Mohamad, pp. 20-21, 2010; Peletz, pp. 55, 2002). As a Muslim, Mahathir held this belief that Islam is different from other religions and it is a complete code of life. Therefore, Islam should have its due interference in the matters of State as well. When Mahathir came into power, there was increasing wave of Islamism amongst the Malays who were becoming more religious and more conservative. Since they represented the biggest chunk of Mahathir’
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The Batek are originally from Malaysia and are found in the rainforest of peninsular Malaysia. They gather food by hunting rather than animal husbandry and so their place of settlement varies within the limited boundaries of the area that they occupy. Around 800 members of the Batek community stay in Taman Negara which is a national park in the Malaysian peninsula.
The focus in this paper is on the Batek as one of the 18 ethnic groups in the country and make up around 0.5% of the national population of Malaysia. An in-depth look into the aspects of the Batek society will hopefully provide a deeper insight into how these people live and which values they possess that contemporary society should emulate.
The Southeast Asia is a sub region of Asia that comprises countries that are east of India, south of China, north of Australia and west of New Guinea. To this effect, as former British colonies, Malaysia and Singapore fall within this rubric and are the cases that are to be used in this study, to showcase the process of democratisation and reform in Southeast Asia.
(Endicott 1978) The Bateks make up about 0.5 percent of the entire original people community of Malaysia which comes around an estimated 100 thousand people. Irrespective of all the people belonging to a same structure of living, all of these people are divided and subdivided into multiple groups and hence the way of living is extraordinarily unique with respect to each group.
Malaysian methods of the collection of money for the purpose of administration and other methods were intricately linked to Islam, which was unacceptable to the British, during the rule of which the status of Islam suffered a great setback. 2. Traditionally, people of Chinese and Indian origins have been involved in activities related to trade and commerce and have therefore, largely formed a part of the urban populations of Malaysia.
Another distinctive feature of the community is the way gender relations exists in the community, women and men share equal rights and privileges as no sex is superior to other. Lastly the community is also well known for brotherhood and sisterhood and the sharing of available resources without any repayment or restrictions.
The group have been seen as a threat to the economic performance of the nations. Not only has the resurgence of the terror group posed a security threat to Philippines, it has also been shaking the peace of the entire South East Asia and also the United states.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy and the head of the state is a king Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The king is elected by and among the nine hereditary heads of royal families. The political party in power is Barisan
It would also focus on citing of effective drawbacks relating to the leadership style envisaged by the leader in the example taken with the theoretical approach. An analysis of the capability and drawbacks relating to the organizational leader would reflect on the
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