Anti Death-penalty Anti Death-Penalty A debate has existed in the United States of America for quite some time that whether death-penalty proves itself to be a justified and valid form of punishment for the wrong-doings of the people or not…
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An example from the history tells us that in 1975, two African American men in Florida named Freddie Pitts and Wilber Lee were granted commutation after twelve long years awaiting death-penalty for the murder of two white men. Their conviction was as a result of constrained confessions, spurious testament and an adduced bystander. After a long time of nine-years of battle in the courts, a white confessed his guilt and Pitts and Wilber were granted absolution by the governor. Had their death-penalty not been delayed due to the court-battles, they would have naively executed (Bedau, November 10, 1999). The history of death penalty can be traced back to the eighteenth century (B.C) when the laws for it were established. As years passed these penalties were used all over the world to kill the guilty people. After the World War II the United States protected pregnant women, elders and children from these death penalties but did not abolish it completely. Over these years many countries have abolished it but the United States still follows it to a certain extent (Death Penalty Information Center 2011). The proponents of the death-penalty justify it by biblical quotations to use death penalty as the ultimate punishment for murders and equivalent crimes. The bible says that the murders must be vindicated: life for life is what the bible says about murders. But the justifications presented cannot be applied in the modern world because of the ethics that apply these days. The bible’s quotation about life for life was for that time when the unjust and violent people were killing innocent and exemplary people. According to most of the people, the death-penalty should be abolished from the U.S and that the criminals must be given a chance to change themselves. Death row inmates can spend their time in the law library and interact with each other and somehow get the wind of the crime of what they have done and accept to change from the bottom of their hearts. The process of death qualification was constitutionally challenged in Lockhart v. McCrea on the basis that it produces unrepresentative and doctrine procumbent juries. The United States Supreme Court rejected such challenges by questioning the truthiness of the relevant social science research. But according to me, the challenges made were completely just and the government should have had taken suitable steps in order to eradicate this barbaric act from the society (Guernsey 2010) The moral disengagement is also an aspect worth discussing in this regard. According to a study by Osofsky, Bandura and Zimbardo in 2005, they took direct words from the executioner. The executioner said that the ECG monitors are in front of him when he carries out the process. His duty is to push the syringe in the veins of the guilty and lower the heart beat of the guilty until it becomes flattened. The harder he pushes, the more flattened is the graph and once he empties the last injection, the pulse rate reaches zero indicating that the guilty is now dead. He adds further that it is distraught to see someone die in front of him and leaves a great impact on him even after some days. This research helps to conclude that the executioner has vivid thoughts about the incident too as it is a harsh process to be carried out (Osofsky et al 2005). The opponents believe that death-penalty should be abolished because it is a barbaric act of murder which involves the death of an individual in a
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According to Ernest Van Den Haag, death penalty is the best form of retribution and deterrence the law can provide to the society. He argues that death penalty shall be allowed since it is a case where people fear such penalty the most, and it is a very solid form of teaching the people a lesson.
Nowadays, countries and government systems that still use death penalty as capital punishment are abundant while some countries have abolished this in their systems through time. Governments who eventually developed in to democracy are one of the major factors why death penalty was abolished through time.
It should be made clear that while the arguments of activists and liberal touch the very soul of every human being, facts should still be the foremost basis of judicial decisions. As crime continues to permeate society, it becomes the moral and just obligation of government to adopt death penalty as a punishment for heinous crimes because the government has the primary obligation to protect its citizens in the best possible ways known to it.
A man, for instance, who has been adjudged guilty of murdering another man, will be sentenced to death. The manner of death is another issue altogether. Many imaginative and cruel ways of implementing the death penalty have been witnessed through time - from the guillotine to the garrote to firing squads to gas chambers to electric chairs -- before the more "humane" lethal injection has been made the manner of choice in countries that consider themselves civilized.
Following Ryan's lead, in 2004, New York's highest court ruled that the state's death penalty statute was unconstitutional. Although prisoners still sit on California's death row, executions in that state are virtually nonexistent, however, executions in Texas continue at a even pace (791).
l discuss about the influence of alcohol/drug abuse and binge drinking on biosocial, psychosocial, cognitive development; its impact on developmental course of relationship; as well as its influence on health, strength, physical appearance, and gender.
A research study reveals
Electrocutions, hangings, shootings and injecting lethal chemicals to kill capital offenders are some of the ways under which executions occur. Simon and Blaskovich (2007) stated that United States of America is
Their agony tends to last for decades. The solution is to abolish the death penalty, and not in improved and swifter executions(Bannister, 2008, p. 167).
Over a period of 200 years, the approach to executions has
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