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The History on Spartacus - Essay Example

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Summary
Spartacus is a Roman slave who has been able to bring together thousands of slaves against the mighty Roman Empire. He single handedly organized the suppressed community with an intention to overcome their state and attain freedom from bondage…
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The History Essay on Spartacus
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The History on Spartacus

Download file to see previous pages... This image of Spartacus has remained unchanged through-out the Middle Ages. However, during the latter half of eighteenth century, his actions come to be recognized in a different perspective and some authors projected him as a noble hero, who fought for the freedom of the bonded slaves from the Roman Empire. Thus he has emerged as one of the best characters in the ancient history and is recognized as a great general, a noble person, and a genuine representative of the ancient working class. Spartacus, in the early stages a notorious deserter from the Roman Army, and at later stages a famed gladiator, becomes the leader of the slaves and organizes an uprising against the Roman republic. This upheaval is referred to as The War of Spartacus or the Gladiator War. This slave uprising threatened the Roman Empire and the very name of Spartacus ignited terror in the Romans. His name translates as “Famous for His Spear” (The Spartacus War 2) and it is believed that he is blessed by Dionysus, the God of liberation and freedom Spartacus convinced his followers to rise up against their owners to fight for their freedom. Thracians are considered as the masters of horse, which helped them in being fast and mobile. Spartacus also is a man of horse and had a little talent for cavalry. He receives schooling in warfare which helps him to be a great warrior. He is a soldier who worked for the well being of the slaves and they consider him as a hero. He is an adventurous hero who kills his enemy commander with his own hand. He also has popularity as a great orator who can organize his followers to fight against the injustice done to them. A man of simple tastes, he likes to share his wealth with those who do not have it. “Like Brutus” (Strauss p. 6), he fights for the freedom of the slaves in Rome. He is an ambitious man and a man of destiny who claims to have a close relationship with the God. Nothing is mentioned about the actual intention of Spartacus. No premise is found to come to the conclusion that he has sought to abolish slavery. But he has intended to free the gladiators, farmers and shepherds who are considered as the slaves. He avoids urban slaves and has completely concentrated on the freedom of rural slaves. He also wants them to fight for their nationality, religion and take revenge against their enemy masters. The ancient sources mention him as a man of passion who is in the thirst for freedom and is burning for revenge. There exists hardly any testimony that chronicles the birth of Spartacus. A rough estimate by historians indicates that he is born in 109 BC but not as a slave in bondage. It is estimated by “He was a freeborn provincial from Thrace” (McManus). The story of Spartacus can be considered both as a love story as well as crusade against Romans for freedom. Spartacus is believed to have had a wife or mistress to whom he was very devoted. His yearning for freedom also stems from his deep desire to be with her and protect her. Besides, he has embraced a “divine mission” (Strauss 6) of liberating his fellow being from the shackles of slavery and giving them a life of freedom and peace. The most pathetic fact is that they are forced to fight with and kill one another under duress, to entertain their masters and the Roman Empire’s subjects. Spartacus understood this as a futile human existence and instigated other slaves to rise in rebellion so they can have an honorable life. Though the slave rebellion began early in 146 BC, it became stronger under the leadership of Spartacus, who excelled as a great hero. A local of Thrace, he serves as an assistant in the Roman army. He is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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