Nobody downloaded yet

Cold War History - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The writer of this paper focuses on Cold War History. The term “cold war” was introduced by Winston Churchill. The Cold War was in general characterized by the frequent appearance of hot spots on the map, where superpowers defended their global interests – Korean, Vietnam, Afghanistan wars…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.8% of users find it useful
Cold War History
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cold War History"

Download file to see previous pages The world quickly turned into polarized and bipolar. Fourth, two superpowers appeared in the world with military and economic power which gave them a significant advantage over the others. Plus, the interests of Western countries in different parts of the globe began to come up against the interests of the Soviet Union. The new political conditions, formed after World War II, were quickly understood by Churchill, who announced the new realia and called them the Cold War1. The defeat of such powerful monsters as Germany and Japan testified that the balance of power in the world was changed. The Allied forces of the Four Powers - the Soviet Union, the United States, Britain and France occupied the territory of Germany and Austria in accordance with the decisions of the Potsdam Conference. The political influence of the Soviet Union extended to Poland, part of Germany, occupied by Soviet forces, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Romania. Though the country was exhausted by war, it badly needed to recover economic and human resources, it still had the most powerful and experienced army of about 11 million soldiers2. On the other hand, the U.S. became the dominant global power after the Second World War, which has enormous economic, air, sea and nuclear power. As a result of the effective strategy the United States increased the gross national product by 1.7 times (excluding inflation) during the war and lost only 300 thousand soldiers. The U.S. dollar became the most stable currency and New York - the largest financial market in the world. The country quickly overcame inflation, raised wages and had the world’s highest productivity. Economic power of the United States, its industrial and financial expansion, contributed to the fact that the United States got the role of global hegemon3. Growing distrust among the former Allies led to the fact that the countries of Western Europe and the U.S. joined forces against the USSR. The Soviet Union, in an effort to protect its borders, created a kind of a buffer of the countries which formed pro-Soviet government after the war. Thus, the world was divided into two camps: capitalist and socialist. Both established the so-called systems of collective security - military blocs. On 4 April 1949 the North Atlantic Treaty was signed and the world saw a new military organization - NATO, which included the U.S., Canada and Western Europe. In May, 1955, the Warsaw Pact was signed as a countermeasure. It included (that year) Albania (later, in 1968, it denounced the pact), Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, Poland, Romania, USSR, Czechoslovakia. The polarization of the world was over4. The created coalitions, led by their leaders, began to struggle for influence in third world countries. One of the most memorable results of the Cold War is Arms Race Its start was related to atomic weapons. In 1945 the United States was the only nuclear power in the world. Hiroshima and Nagasaki got “informed” about that. That strategic superiority fostered the U.S. military begin to build a variety of plans of pre-emptive strikes on the Soviet Union. But the American monopoly on nuclear weapons remained only four years. In 1949 the USSR tested its first atomic bomb. This event was a real shock to the Western world and an important milestone of the Cold War. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Cold War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1426006-writer-schoice
(Cold War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1426006-writer-schoice.
“Cold War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1426006-writer-schoice.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cold War History

History of the Cold War

... launched by the republics (Cold War Museum). References Balfour, Sebastian. Castro. Profiles in power. Harlow: Longman, 2008. Fall of the Soviet Union. The Cold War Museum. Daugherty, L. J. (January 01, 1996). The Afghan Syndrome: The Soviet Union's Vietnam by Oleg Sarin and Lev Dvoretsky. Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 9, 4, 911-913. Top of Form Painter, D. S. (2002). The Cold War: An international history. London: Routledge. Top of Form Leffler, M. P., & Westad, O. A. (2010). The Cambridge history of the Cold War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bottom of Form Bottom of Form... ?The Cold War The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was founded in the year of 1922 after the Bolshevik Revolution....
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Western civilization after 1800. The Cold War

...?The Cold War The Cold War refers to a period of history between 1945 to the early 1990s (Gaddis, 1997) that is exemplified by a continuing of political conflict and military tension, as well as a few proxy wars between the Communist world (the Soviet Union, Cuba) and the Western world (mostly the United States and allies) (Gaddis, 2006). The ‘cold’ part of the name is a reference to the fact that there was no actual war between the two primary forces, the Soviet Union and the United States, although in some ways it is a misnomer because, as previously mentioned, there were proxy wars...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

The American history ( 1900 ) The Cold War

...? Page American History (1900) The Conflict of the Cold War English May The conflict of the Cold War The topic that interests me is the rise of the Cold War. The Cold War started soon after the World War II, and lasted for many years. The Cold War is a conflict between The United States and the communist countries led by the Soviet Unions. It was a cold war because they fought thru propaganda, economic war, diplomatic haggling, and occasional military clashes. It was called a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

History Cold War

...?Irshad Ahmad Academia-Research.Com Order # 758029 November 26, History Of Cold War United s of America and Soviet Union were allies during World War II. After the war, they disagreed over a number of issues i.e. division of Germany, international loans, control of Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Henry A. Wallace the Vice-President in 1941-45 was a liberal mind in the cabinet of Truman. He worked for peace and prosperity around the globe and his efforts always taught of patience and systematic approach towards the solution of problems between the United States of America and Soviet Union. In a letter of July 23, 1946, Wallace stressed Truman to work...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

History cold war

...The then Soviet Union and United s were involved in a strategic, covertly military, diplomatic war of wills without an actual confrontation, to each gain support from half the world, from the 1940s and into the 1990s. This standoff came to be known as the Cold War. We will now trace the history of this particular cold war between the two super powers through a comparison of ideologies, strategies, and an analysis of some of the incidents that took place within its span. The basic reason for the onset of the Cold War was primarily a difference in ideologies. While the United States became the land of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Answers on history (Liberalism, State Sovereignty, Marxism, The Cold War)

...and relationship between countries. Even the conflicts between the member countries can be rectified through such cooperation. The problem relating to one country will affect indirectly the other countries in the cooperation and hence they will take necessary steps to provide such solutions for the conflicts between the member countries. Ref: - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberalism. New thinking The world should be grateful to former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev who is responsible for ending the cold war between U.S. and Soviet Union and thereby started a new way of thinking which is revolutionising the modern world. Perestroika and Glasnost, the two revolutionary policies adopted by...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

The Cold War (US History)

...and the creation of the State of Israel also helped his popularity. He supported Roosevelt’s New Deal programs and was known as a President who was not afraid to make decisions. He famously wrote on a plaque on his desk “the buck stops here”. (3) NATIONAL SECURITY-Was there any way to insure national security against the communist threat than the methods used during the late 1940s and 1950s (sometimes called, collectively, "McCarthyism")? Explain, With the benefit of hindsight, the ‘containment’ policy of the U.S was the best option to confronting the spread of communism. The eventual success of American cold war policy supports this assertion. Although, it is possible the U.S could have achieved...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

The Cold War. A New History by John Lewis Gaddis

...The Cold War: A New History by John Lewis Gaddis The Cold War: A New History by John Lewis Gaddis has been celebrated as a short but comprehensive account of the long struggle between two world powers of the time – the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. It is, undoubtedly, one of the best books for the students of the Cold War and the author preceded this book by publishing six books on the –near-half-century confrontation between these nations. In this book, the author addresses students as well as the general public regarding the question of the long dispute between two nations, although his special concern has been with reaching to young readers who have not experienced the conflict as it unfolded. Therefore, The Cold War: A New History... is an...
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review

Critique the Truman Doctrine/Marshall Plan from your 2010 perspective. Evaluate the impact of the Cold War period on American history

...American Policy Initiated the Cold War The Cold War, which endured from roughly the end of WWII to 1991, was not a war by conventional measure. The combatants of this War, the former Soviet Union and the U.S., along with its allies, fought this largely ideological battle by economic and political means via diplomatic brawls and propagandizing though it did include the occasional minor military clash. The U.S. and Soviets didn’t trust each other before the war. The introduction of nuclear arms into the mix along with the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan only served to heighten tensions between the two lone military...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

1. the cold war 2.the most important events in American history of the last 33 years

...History Part Cold War The end of the Second World War gave rise to number of diplomatic and ideological changes with the local and international spaces. The active nature of the USA meant that policies within the country had to be changed in order to remain relevant in the cold war era. The country had to depend on strong personalities to ensure policies made at this given time were relevant. The essay will focus on three personalities that played an integral role in shaping the nature in which the United States shaped their ideologies. In most cases, these ideologies were crucial in positioning the country as superior during the era....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Cold War History for FREE!

Contact Us