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Marxism: Radical Socialism And The Communist Manifesto - Research Paper Example

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Karl Marx is a modern social philosopher and economist born in 1818 from the ancestry of Germany. He is a historian and was a strong advocate of communism and wrote his philosophy which became the foundation of revolutionary movements led by Vladimer. I. Lenin and Mao Tse-tung…
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Marxism: Radical Socialism And The Communist Manifesto
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Download file to see previous pages He was a scholar in Bonn and Berlin and got his doctorate degree at Jena. He embraced the Hegelian theory of dialectical materialism as a member of Young Hegelian, a publication prominent of radical political views. He went to Paris in 1843 and befriended Friedrich Engels, also a philosopher and who supported his endeavors. He married Jenny von Westphalen in 1843. He devoted his life as writer and died in 1883 at London.
Marx philosophical theories detailed about his in-depth studies about sociology, economics and politics. Immersed with poverty and wanton social problems, he wrote about the dialectics of class struggle as a critique to capitalism, the philosophy of bourgeoisie. The latter was perceived as a class who decides world economy to favor their interests that resulted to the alienation of the lower class from these socio-economic systems. He is of the purview that economic elitism, ran by wealthy class, will self-deconstruct and will be replaced with socialism, a new system that will empower the working class which he zealously dubbed as the dictatorship of the proletariat (Marx, 1970). Marx (1973), an idealist in his time, perceived of a classless, stateless and a communist society whilst vigorously advocating that impoverished class should overthrow capitalism through revolutionary movements to effect radical changes.
His theory of the state and the materialist precept of history illustrated his radical idea of communism—a concept argued by many philosophers as a social utopia. The Communist Manifesto, a confession of faith, raised many questions which aided Engels and Marx in defining the principles of Communism. It encouraged unity of all communists and discouraged promote sectarian principles to mould the proletarian movement. It advocated for (1) the abolition of property in land and application of lease policies; (2) development of progressive taxation; (3) removal of right to inheritance; (4) taking away of all properties of emigrants; (5) centralization of credit through the state thru national bank and capital; (6) centralization of communication and transportation by the State; (7) extension of factories and instruments of production by the State and creation of common plan for agriculture; (8) equality of labor and establishment of industrial armies, including agriculture; (9) agriculture-industrial developments and gradual elimination of town and country; and (10) free children’s education in all public schools and abolition of child labor (Marx, 1973). These principles are perceived to be the foundation toward stateless and classless society. It will eliminate all political character by the rising of public power. It is perceived as a fertilizing the ground for the removal of class antagonism toward the supremacy of the proletariat class—the transition of socialism to communism. Marxism (1969) became the economic and socio-political view based on materialist interpretation of history, about dialectics of society, and critique of capitalism. It became an economic theory that explicates the movements of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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