Free

Cold War era Presidents - Coursework Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Cold War era Presidents were faced with a number of issues unique to that time period, particularly the sense that the general specter of Soviet-style communism was the single most important issue confronting the United States. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.2% of users find it useful
Cold War era Presidents
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cold War era Presidents"

Response Essay II Cold War era Presidents were faced with a number of issues unique to that time period, particularly the sense that the general specter of Soviet-style communism was the single most important issue confronting the United States. Because of this, all other issues were influenced by this larger more supposedly fundamental concern. Issues that we consider to be at the core of the United States democratic experiment, like individual freedom, were trumped by the political realities of the Cold War whenever the two came into conflict. Sadly, they came into conflict more than we might like. On the one hand, we can accept the idea that Soviet-style communism was not a source of or way of providing real freedom. The Soviets were authoritarian and controlling, and the centrally-planned structure of the Soviet system was often enforced with violence, as well as with harsh, politically motivated punishments. In this sense, the fight against communism, whether it involved funding Afghani fighters resisting Soviet occupation, or fighting the North Koreans, or embargoing Cuba, can all be seen as effort to promote freedom abroad by curtailing and containing the spread of such a vicious and draconian form of communism. On the other hand, Cold War Presidents tended to make decisions that were so committed to fighting the spread of communism that they often sacrificed the freedom of many to do so. This happened both domestically and in foreign policy. On the domestic front, many core civil rights issues were left to droop, creating an uncomfortable proximity between the message America was trying to transmit abroad and the reality of freedom and equality at home. In many ways, this disconnect mirrored the problems that existed more obviously when slavery was still considered an acceptable practice. African Americans still suffered overt discrimination, especially in the rural South and Midwest, and women were often considered beneath men in their capacity to reason and to accomplish particular types of work. Non-Protestant religious denominations were often viewed with suspicion (even John F. Kennedy, for example, was considered suspect by many because of his Catholicism). Cold War Presidents spent so much time and effort concentrating of the “red” menace that they seemed reluctant to upset the political balance at home on these sorts of domestic issues. Or, perhaps they had little interest in addressing them for their own reasons. In terms of foreign policy, the United States made a series of deals with dictators who would oppress their own people with support (financial and military) from the United States in exchange for thwarting communist influence in their country. When Iran, to note perhaps the most famous example of all, looked like it might nationalize its oil fields and embrace more communist ideologies, the United States orchestrated a coup that put the Shah into power, who then brutally oppressed his own people. We armed the rebels in Afghanistan so long as they fought the Soviets who were occupying Afghani territory, and then all but abandoned them to their fate in a country savaged by war as soon as the Soviets withdrew. We sent the military into countries like the Dominican Republic when civil unrest there made it seem like there was a chance it might go red alongside Cuba. In addition, we engaged in a series of bloody wars and “police conflicts” that cost people their lives, their homes, and their country all in an effort to contain the spread of communism. In the end, winning the Cold War probably was a big boon to freedom the world over, compared to the Soviet-style alternative. But winning that war involved many opportunity costs, and much freedom was sacrificed on the road to victory. American Presidents chose to pay that price because they believed in the larger strategic vision, and perhaps in their own propaganda about the glory of American liberty and equality. It remains a shame that they maintained such beliefs despite the lack of liberty and equality that still continues today. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Cold War era Presidents Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1425362-response-essay-ii
(Cold War Era Presidents Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1425362-response-essay-ii.
“Cold War Era Presidents Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1425362-response-essay-ii.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cold War era Presidents

Cold war

...and Afghanistan. The Soviet military were in support of the Marxist government. An aspiring presidential candidate; Ronald Reagan had immense interest in the cold war which was revealed through talks by Richard Allen (Lewis, 2006). In 1980, Reagan was quite lucky to defeat Jimmy Carter and became the president. He promised to defeat the Soviet Union, eradicate communism and increased the military spending on wars (Pipes, 2003). He even labeled the Soviet Union as an evil empire. By 1985, Reagan had developed the Reagan Doctrine that was aimed in anticommunism. Even the pope in that period; Pope John Paul II had focused on how to alleviate communism (Brown, 2011). Other...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Cold war

...to their prominent leadership anti-communist presidents such as Truman, Kennedy, and Nixon who not only waged political and cultural battle with the Soviet Union, but also fought with the latter in the endeavor to achieve greater favor for the American economy. Though the nature of Cold War bore domestic consequences upon local affairs, political battles between the Soviet Union and the United States were mostly staged on an international level. By the time ‘Sputnik’ took off, most schools functioned as fighting grounds in allowing intellectual ideas to flourish over ideological conflicts of the 50s and this incident drew education to a sense of drastic reformation that appeared to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cold War

...evidenced by the Cuban Missile crisis in 1962. Towards the end of the war, tension mounted between both sides. There was a disagreement between them and Afghanistan. The Soviet military supported the Marxist government. Ronald Reagan had immense interest in the cold war (Lewis, 2006). In 1980, Reagan became the president and promised to defeat the Soviet Union, eradicate communism and increased the military spending on wars (Pipes, 2003). He developed the Reagan Doctrine aimed at anticommunism. Even Pope John Paul II focused on how to alleviate communism (Brown, 2011).In 1988, the Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan. Hungary and Berlin became...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Cold War

...Prof’s The Cold War had many causes, but the fundamental causes were the fact that the United s and the Soviet Unions were by far the two most powerful countries in the world during the Cold War years (Chafe 2009: 117), and the fact that the two believed each other’s existence to be anathema to the other: that either capitalism or communism would need to be a new world order. The United State’s strategy during the Cold War shifted slightly, but also remained surprisingly constant. One of the pillars of this strategy was not ever involving the United States in direct confrontation with the Soviet Union: there was a very real fear that any...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cold war

...?After the Second World War, the unification between America Britain and the USSR came to an end world was replaced by a bitter rivalry between the two countries that came to be the major world powers for the duration of the cold war and these were America and the USSR. Essentially, the notion of the cold war is enigmatic since the major counties in the center of it never actually took up arms against each other in “hot wars”. American and The USSR were embroiled in an ideological contention; American was democratic and capitalistic, whereas Russia was a communist country, this meant that it was led by a single dictator who exercised control all the economic aspects therein. Each tried to spread their ideologies to many countries... ,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Cold War

...A Critical Evaluation of the US Policy For the Cold War from 1946-1965 After the fall of Germany, for President Harry Truman, the Soviet leaders’ reluctance to retreat from the wartime frontline in Europe and the Middle East was essentially a clear sign of the Communist Imperialism which could severely hamper the United States’ interests in the oil-rich countries in the Middle East and European. After the Potsdam Conference and the uprising in Greece, several factors were clear that the Soviet leaders were not going to give up their control over the Eastern Europe and the Middle East. This perception of Truman’s Administration about the communist Russia’s expansionist intention played a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Cold War Era

.... Roberts, Frank. Papers of Frank N. Roberts, Harry S. Truman Library Bedell, Walter. American Relations with Soviet Union, Truman Library, pp 71-79. 1948. Murphy, Charles. Further observations on the present state of American –Soviet relations. Truman Library. 1951. Stein, Richard J. U.s. Foreign Policy Since the Cold War. Bronx, N.Y: H.W. Wilson Co, 2001. Print. Schumpeter, Joseph A. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper, 1950. Print. McCann, Charles R. Order and Control in American Socio-Economic Thought: Social Scientists and Progressive-Era Reform. London: Routledge, 2011. Print... The first document is a telegram by George Kennan to James Byrnes d February 22, 1946 that sought to analyze the United States’ presence in...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cold War

...The Cold War came up because of the competition on a global scale of the world’s two superpowers, the United s and the Soviet Union. There was a great fear in the United States of the Soviet Union’s ambition to spread the ideology of communism, which it followed, worldwide and this was not acceptable to the American government. In response, the American government chose to shore up those regimes, which were allied to it all over the world not only financially but also militarily to ensure that they combated the potential communist forces and parties which were to come up against them (Mueller 172). Moreover, the Soviet Union was very fearful of the American acquisition of atomic weapons, this led to its...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cold war

...Causes and consequences of cold war Cold war was a silent war between the US and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism in the Eastern Europe and the US saw that this spread from Soviet Union was most likely to spread and very quickly to Eastern Europe, Asia and even Africa in a domino effect and it therefore tried to contain it using different strategies and policies. Soviet Union was on the other hand afraid of US and what it could do and hence put in place its own strategies to prevent US affecting its communism spread plan. This distrust and suspicion was the basis of cold war and it led to...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Cold War

... justice and equality across race, culture and color. The cold war era had therefore emerged as a highly critical phenomenon that had significantly influenced the world polity with wide ramifications on the national issues of the countries across the world. (words: 266) Work cited Belmonte, Laura A. Speaking of America, Vol II: History of American People since 1863. 2nd ed. Boston: Thomson Wadsworth, 2007. Murrin, John M., Johnson, Paul E., et al. Liberty, Equality, Power, Vol. II. 6th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.... Cold War was a unique phenomenon of post WW2 international relations when the two nations, especially the two superpowers: USA; and USSR had developed hostile relations defined by...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Cold War era Presidents for FREE!

Contact Us