quora

The Cold War and American Foreign Policy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Two names more important than perhaps any other in terms of The United States foreign policy and its impact, position and effect in the Cold war are those of Paul Nitze and George Kennan, senior officials in the American administration, with sharply contradicting views and positions of strategy…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
The Cold War and American Foreign Policy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Cold War and American Foreign Policy"

Download file to see previous pages Two names more important than perhaps any other in terms of The United States foreign policy and its impact, position and effect in the Cold war are those of Paul Nitze and George Kennan, senior officials in the American administration, with sharply contradicting views and positions of strategy. Each had a highly contrasted sense of policy from the other, in terms of how the United States should take a stand towards the Cold War and what would be the most favorable policy for their victory and the Soviets’ defeat. These views and the lives of these two men are outlined in Nicholas Thompson’s book, The Hawk and The Dove, and are investigated in the paragraphs to follow, along with the question of who influenced American foreign policy more favorably and what effect it would have on the ultimate result of the Cold War. To outline their most fundamental disagreement in a nutshell, one believed in prevention and the other believed in action. One of them, Nitze, believed their strategy should be to surpass any limits of capability the soviets may hold them responsible for and then act on them, while the other, Kennan, believed to think like the soviets would, try to analyze their intentions and then counter or contain them until they themselves internally collapsed, known as his policy of containment. Kennan, who believed in the latter, was of the belief that the soviets were fundamentally weak and insecure and that it would not take much for them to collapse, assuming they were handled correctly. Nitze on the other hand was of the opposing view that the Soviets were fast gaining power and that Moscow would attain strategic superiority from the United States in a few years, which he hoped to counter before it occurred. Where Kennan believed that it just took to understand the Soviets’ intentions and thoughts to end the cold war, Nitze believed it took to understanding and surpassing their every capability. To understand how fundamentally different the two men were, it is of interest to note that foreign policy aside, they even differed on their own country: Kennan condemned America for its vulgar culture, and its people for having a complacent and mediocre standard. Nitze on the other hand was convinced of America’s power and central hold on the world. Therefore, given their completely contrasting view, one ready to take the back-seat and one ready to accelerate with full force, they can both be said to sum up the two sides of a generation’s argument on the Cold War and America's foreign policy regarding it. Of course there were also many incidents where the two men, who were close friends, did agree, such as the Marshall Plan, or their stance on the American position in Vietnam, in which cases they tended to prove that they were quite correct in their judgment and often received favorable reaction. Nonetheless, those few times aside, they had different viewpoints at a primary and fundamental level, thereby making it more likely for them to disagree than agree. These differences however did not prevent them from seeking mutual benefit from each other’s policies. For example, Nitze extracted military benefit from Kennan’s theory of containment, by negotiating deals with Soviets regarding the United States military, and by keeping the military and its allies safe. Kennan on the other hand enjoyed a certain level of military and otherwise superiority from which to excise his policy of containment, thereby proving that each was necessary factor in American policy on the Cold War and that while each contradicted each other, it did not necessarily mean that they clashed with each other. Where the differences in their thinking arose from is of no mystery, as it was indeed early experience in the lives of both these men that were to shape them for the rest of their life. One’s experience with the Cold War, Nitze's, consisted of dealing with the live aftermath of a Nuclear War, on the scene ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Cold War and American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1421816-which-of-the-two-men-had-better-ideas-on-foreign
(The Cold War and American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1421816-which-of-the-two-men-had-better-ideas-on-foreign.
“The Cold War and American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1421816-which-of-the-two-men-had-better-ideas-on-foreign.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The Foreign Policy In The USSR During And After The Cold War
The cold war which was a rather very prolonged battle of a myriad of threats, posturing and wills between the Capitalistic United States and the Communist Soviet Union, was seen to follow soon after the World War II. By the year 1943, the eventual outcome of the cold war was clear to all the Germany led countries.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Richard Nixon's Foreign Policy During the Cold War
During the term of US President Richard Nixon, the Vietnam War was already heating up and getting more out of hand. The situation in this scenario showed that Soviet Russia and the People’s Republic of China were giving military aid to the forces of Communist North Vietnam, while the United States provided military aid to the democratic South Vietnam.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
US Post Cold War Interventionism Foreign Policy
US Post Cold War Interventionism Foreign Policy The interventionism foreign policy that United States adopted in the post Cold War era has left the country and citizens more insecure than ever before. The country has spent billions of dollars, which unfortunately has not translated into tangible sense of security for American interests within and outside the country’s borders.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The Foreign Policy Processes in France and Germany in the Post-Cold War Era. What evidence is there that Germany has embarked on a normal foreign policy
The processes that are involved in the determination, maintenance and modification to foreign policy differ significantly between different sovereign states. Change in foreign policy is based on the way that the role of states’ in the international environment shifts and is redefined, particularly following a significant international event (Le Prestre, 1997).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
American Foreign Policy
Optimistic dreams of a New World Order in which markets were free and peace became the global modus operandi followed the dissolution of the
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
US cold war foreign policy
Many in the West called this a victory with many praising U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his aggressive, military policy towards the Soviet Union. Francis Fukuyama called it the end of history.1 Others looked to the future with U.S. President George H. W.Bush speaking about a 'new world order'
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Assess the relationship between American security policy and American international economic policy during the Cold War
It became the goal of the United States to keep its own soil safe from the threat of communist nuclear attacks by carefully constructing a network of global alliances and neutralities that were designed to contain communism and promote democracy. The security policy of the United States during the Cold War was heavily centered on one tactic: the accumulation of nuclear bombs (Botti 45-47).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
A. The Cold War affected many aspects of American life beyond foreign policy. How did the Cold War shape the politics, economy, society and culture of the US during the period between 1947 and 1953 (Dont limit yourself to McCarthyism.)
The following essay depicts the positive changes which occurred after the war in the United States, politically, socially, and economically. Economically, after the Cold War the United States experienced a strikingly rapid growth in its economy. The rapid growth of the
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
What is the significance of the end of the Cold War for US Foreign Policy
In fact, US foreign policy currently face numerous opportunities and challenges. Furthermore, it is crucial to comprehend all of
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
History events
There were no any direct military wars between the two factions, but the differences in their policies manifested in their reactions and
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Cold War and American Foreign Policy for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us