The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was founded in the year of 1922 after the Bolshevik Revolution. The USSR had a great impact on the political affairs of the world ever since but could not maintain this impact after its downfall…
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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was founded in the year of 1922 after the Bolshevik Revolution. The USSR had a great impact on the political affairs of the world ever since but could not maintain this impact after its downfall. The Soviet Union underwent a rapid collapse in the late twentieth century which was inevitable due to the policies and conditions that Russia was undergoing in these times. After the World War II the Soviet Union turned out to be a super power which was becoming a threat for the United States and for this reason many blame the United States to be the main cause of Russian collapse. The Soviet power was never able to expand much under the influence of the U.S agenda. It was under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev that Russia began to undergo a political change which could not be handled and thus led to a political turmoil. The United States itself did not play a direct role in the collapse of Soviet Union but it did play an indirect role in the collapse. This essay would further revolve around the factors which led to the collapse of the Soviet Union (Watson 1998; Weiss 2009). To understand the massive collapse of the Soviet Union one has to understand the basic principles on which the country was made. From a historical point of view it can be seen that the Soviet Union consisted of people belonging to different ethnicities and races. The political ideology of the country was based on the principles of communism in accordance to the theories laid down by Karl Marx. The Communist party was leading the government offices in Soviet Union and the leaders in the party were following a level known as ‘nomenklatura’ which helped them to access the resources of the state as they wished to (McCauley 2001 p. 86). A variety of factors led to the fall of the Communist State which have formed a debate amongst the historians. Many believe the sole factor of Afghanistan was enough to collapse the Soviet Union whereas opponents argue that a lot of other factors came into play along with the Afghanistan war which led to the collapse of the state. The major reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union are cited as the Afghan intervention, the role of Poland, the varying prices of oil in the world and the reaction of the minorities to the government (Usitalo & Whisenhunt 2008). It has been found that the Soviet Union always had a conflict of interest with the West and this is the reason because of which the leaders had always aimed to excel from the west. The domestic problems along with the structural problems were the internal problems that the Union was facing because of which it underwent a political unrest. Tilly defines the collapse of the Soviet Union in the following words [O]ne of Europe’s more peculiar revolutions: the shattering of an empire and the dismantling of its central structure without the direct impact of a war . . . the costly stalemate in Afghanistan, itself a product of a hugely expensive Cold War with the United States, provided the closest equivalent to those earlier empire-ending wars” (Tilly 1993 p 231). In December 1991 the Soviet Union collapsed into fifteen independent countries. The West was victorious in disintegrating the nation and considered the collapse as a victory of capitalism over socialism. After the creation of Soviet Union it was seen that the leaders were implementing a plan through which they could unite all the nations of the Soviet Republic. To carry out such a plan the assimilation process began and Russian was taught to everyone. However more than fifty percent of the population living in the Soviet Union belonged to non Russian back grounds and it became difficult for them to assimilate with the newly laid principles. The economic policies of the state also failed which can be witnessed in the arms race that they had with the United States. The arms race with United States led to an economic turmoil for the country itself because of which they finally collapsed. The last leader of the country
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The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union emerged out of the turbulent World War One as a revolutionary pariah state that soon evolved with rapid speed into a military giant with enormous influence beyond it boarders; an ideological model with conceivably secure and stable economy emulated by more than a third of the world’s population , at least for a time in history.
The states formed economic integrations, depending on geographic proximity, history and cultural characteristics. Russia made it alone, starting political reforms from a communist state to an independent democracy with the president elected through popular election. Boris Yeltsin was the first elected head of state.
War it twice used force to repress popular political movements and maintain uniformity In what ways did the "New Political Thinking" of Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev mark a radical break from the past, and how did this departure influence events in Eastern Europe Why did the Soviet Union peacefully allow the members of the Warsaw Pact the right to choose their own future and sociopolitical system What was happening in CEE in the 1980s that had an impact on the thinking of Gorbachev and other key figures involved in Soviet policy formation, leading them to abandon CEE and, in so doing, facilitate the collapse of communism This research will examine the relevant events of the lat
In support of their contention, these scholars cite the pathetic economic performance of planned economies and the disgruntlement that they generate amongst their unfortunate citizens (Ekedahl and Goodman,
It also has a strong state control that affects the transitional process and affects present developments. Another factor that may have contributed to the difficulties experienced in transition was the
ld at the time, a closer look reveals that the slow decline had begun from the time of Brezhnev, and the trigger provided by Gorbachev’s new thinking precipitated the collapse. The impact of this event was far reaching and the rest of Europe and Asia had to adjust their
A debate with a rare magnitude that has dragged on for two decades, the very fragmentation of the union knows not unanimity, with scholars divided right in the middle over the bullets that actually precipitated the unfortunate
The adage that says, “Live by the sword, die by the sword,” encapsulates the history of Russia that is both colorful and grim. This is precisely the life of the communist superpower called the Union of Soviet Socialist of Russia. The USSR was born out of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 which catapulted Lenin into power (Weiss, 4) early into the twentieth century.
as the power ruling the world from the East was always at loggerheads with the United States, which was the power from the West and it was only the collapse of the Soviet Union that would make the US the only superpower in the world. This has made different countries to accuse
As a result, the economic analysis and appropriate managerial solutions are found to be quite similar.
One of the most distinctive features of the New Economy is the importance of the scale and scope of economies. A prime focus now is on the concept and viability of ‘scalability’ - the degree to which the total scale and scope of the business can be increased without a corresponding increase in costs (Mankiw, 2006).
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