Soviet Military and Nazi.
Russia and Germany were some of the main parties involved in the Second World War. The war between the Russians and the Germans brought great carnage and destruction to the entire Eastern front of Europe…
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In fact, the survival and prosperity of these countries depended entirely on the outcome of this war. It should be noted that previously, Adolf Hitler had signed a non-aggression pact with Stalin in order to safeguard Germany from a possible invasion from the Soviet Union.1 The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed in August 1939. This pact was an agreement that the parties were not to attack each other and in case one of the parties was to be attacked by a third party, the other country was to uphold neutrality. Also, this agreement secretly divided Europe into various spheres to suit the interest of Germany and Russia. The aggression of Germany under Adolf Hitler made it to gain control of large parts of Europe. By 1940, Hitler had conquered most of the European countries including France, Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. In fact, Germany was in control of the entire Europe save for the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. The Germans had succeeded to dislodge British army from most parts of Europe although they had not succeeded to make the United Kingdom surrender. After these swift victories, the Nazi army had become invincible. Hitler had the opportunity to force the United Kingdom into a peace agreement by putting up a naval and air siege against it. However, Hitler was untrusting of the Soviet Union and thought that Russians would offer assistance to the United Kingdom despite the non-aggression pact. Hitler made plans to wage war against the Russians with an aim of solidifying their power in the entire Europe and weakening any potential resistance from the United Kingdom. Notably, Hitler highly underestimated the military potential of the Soviet Union and he anticipated a quick and comprehensive win.3 The Nazi Army prepared for war against the Russians under the name of Operation Barbarossa in July 21, 1940. The operation was under the supervision of the renowned German military strategist General Frederick Paulus. In the preparatory stages of the war, Hitler informed his generals that the aim of the war was to destroy any potential hope of support for the United Kingdom. Hitler believed that the destruction of the Soviet Union would inevitably lead to the withdrawal of US support for the United Kingdom. Hence, the United Kingdom would be significantly vulnerable and make it easier for Germans to attack it. Hitler further believed that the military system of Russia was so poor that any Russian response to the invasion would take a very long time. Adding to the fact that the Soviet Union did not have a system for the reinforcement of the combat divisions and activation of the reserves, Hitler believed that the war against the Soviet Union would be won quickly. According to the plan by Hitler, the Russians were going to be defeated in less than three months. Hitler strategized that the ground troops were going to play the main role in the campaign while the air force engaged the United Kingdom in military actions. The attack on the Russians was planned to be three pronged, from the North, South and the Center. One of the most important aims of the Nazi army was to capture the main cities of Russia which were Moscow and Leningrad. The capture of these cities would significantly demoralize the Red Army and tilt the scales of victory in favor of the Germans. Moscow was the capital city while Leningrad was the cradle of the Industrial Revolution. By capturing these cities, the Germans would gain control of the largest industrial centers and railway exchanges of the Soviet Union.4 However, after the onset of the war things did not go according to the plan of the Nazi army. As the war raged on, it became clear
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Even though the Second World War ended in 1945, another undeclared cold war started immediately between America and Soviet Union for capturing supremacy in global political and economical matters. The different political ideologies prevailed in these superpowers (America is under democratic administration whereas Soviet Union was under communist administration) strengthened the cold war immensely.
For the first time in the history of modern world, a dictator tried to conquer the entire world through WW2. Germans who suffered humiliation in the First World War decided to take revenge for their sufferings and the result was Second World War. Hitler with his mesmerising speeches motivated the Germans to conduct another war to salvage the lost pride.
Due to the Cold War, international politics changed which resulted in a change in relations among the countries. Foreign policies were changed by many countries during the Cold War era and all these factors had a great influence on the overall global climate.
The county idolized Hitler as the Fuhrer (Leader”), amassing all authorities to his hands. Historians stress the mesmerizing consequence of Hitler’s rhetoric on wider audience, as well as of his eyes in isolated groups. Over the “leader principle,” the word Fuhrer was bigger than any other law.
This paper is a discussion of the different elements of these patterns. It is to be noted that the so-called Nazi-Soviet pact which was sealed in 1939 presaged the actual occupation of the Baltic states of Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia in 1940 by the Soviet Red Army in 1940, effectively integrated into the Soviet Union also by that time.
The most ravaging catastrophe occurred in East of the Europe where the strongest dictators of the world were at daggers drawn. The two leaders, Adolf Hitler ruling Nazi Germany and Stalin’s dominating Soviet Union,
After hearing the word Nazi, the image it brings up in a mind is of a young man who is more likely to be dressed in an authoritative uniform and a red armband. However, it may also be surprising to know that many women were also found guilty of conducting brutal acts
Germany was motivated to avenge the harsh terms forced to it at the end of First World. Japan unexpected victory over Russia led the nation’s desire to expand in Asia and Pacific.
According to the evidence of Overy Richard, Hitler had prepared to invade
It comprises most of Eurasia and the western peninsula. It boarders Asia and is separated from it by a lot of features namely: the Black and Caspian seas, the Caucas and Ural mountains, Ural river, and the rivers that connect the Aegean sea
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