Introduction: Sovereignty is the ability of a state to carry out its affairs without interference from other states. A sovereign state determines its own affairs, be it economics, political, religious and social issues.1…
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This is also possible because of the concept of globalization. Globalization has made it possible to disseminate and distribute information thousands of miles away. Globalization has also led to the emergence of other actors at the international arena, such as International Governmental Institutions. Examples of Inter-Governmental Institutions include the United Nations, NATO, European Union and the African Union. States have to cede some of the sovereign rights in order to be members of these organizations.2. Inter-Governmental Institutions as agents of Globalization: Inter-governmental organization is an institution that is composed of sovereign states, and they join it for the purposes of benefiting politically, socially or economically. The representatives of various governments sign treaties, which then pass through the process of ratification, to give the agreement a legal recognition. The inter-governmental institutions must not be confused with various treaty organizations. For instance the North American Free Trade Agreement and the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade are not examples of inter-governmental institutions, but they are examples of treaty organizations. Because inter-governmental organizations involve associations between governments at the international arena, it can be termed as an agent of globalization. ...
Some Inter-Governmental organizations are formed for the main purpose of restoring and preserving peace. An example of such an institution is the Formation of the League of Nation, after the end of the First World War. The institution was formed to prevent an emergence of another war, similar to the magnitude of the First World War. However, the institution failed to prevent the emergence of the Second World War. Because of this failure, the International community resolved to form the United Nations. One of the failures of the League of Nations is to attract United States of America as a member. United States refused to join the League of Nations, for purposes of protecting its sovereignty. The government of United States of America realized that joining the institution would amount to ceding some of its sovereign rights. Some inter-governmental organizations are formed to promote inter-governmental cooperation in relation to environmental conservation, human rights protection and social development. Examples include UN Habitat, United Nations Economic and Social Council, and Economic Community of West African States. Globalization in this context is seen through the interaction of States, to benefit from those associations either through trade, or advancement of their socio-political ideologies. This is the case of International Monetary Fund and the promotion of Liberalization of a State’s economy. This was the main ideology of United States and the Western parts of Europe3. They were the main financiers of IMF and World Bank. These institutions played a great role in opening up the economies of third world countries, and therefore eroding some elements of their
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Globalization leads to drastic changes in social conditions of millions of world’s residents, expressing itself both in constant shifts in global production and the disruption of ‘usual’ cultural conventions. That is why it is necessary to analyze the problem of globalization, so that the overcoming of its drawbacks may be possible.
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Certain experts such as Joseph Camelleri and Jim Falk observe that the world’s system is moving on to a new period where the institution of the state and its sovereign are being underestimated and changed by the different components of globalization. Even the truth behind globalization has been brought into discussion by the politicians and analysts.
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States are not what they used to be, and national governments are no longer the locus of power. They now have to divide power with a wide range of actors. Power is parceled out among different agents, both national and international (Friedman, 2008). There is a multiplicity of sites, some real, some virtual, where national transactions are governed.
The emergence of globalization has led to the inception of controversy that increased globalization is fading away the role, authority, and sovereignty of state. This paper intends to explain two opinions regarding state sovereignty and globalization.
Globalization affects welfare provision because it creates forces, which have a direct effect on the ability of nations to insulate their citizens; these forces will be examined in detail below.
Governments can establish welfare systems in order to substitute social
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