Nobody downloaded yet

Edward Jenner was the first ever to give inoculation to people/ invent the vaccine - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Edward Jenner was the First ever to give Inoculation to People/ Invent the vaccine (Subject Name) Introduction The history of mankind has been ravaged by infectious diseases that claimed the innocent lives of many people…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.9% of users find it useful
Edward Jenner was the first ever to give inoculation to people/ invent the vaccine
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Edward Jenner was the first ever to give inoculation to people/ invent the vaccine"

Download file to see previous pages Moreover, it left thousands more permanently paralyzed as a stark reminder of its uncontrollable wrath. Furthermore, in 1918, the influenza epidemic can only be compared to a global holocaust as it claimed the lives of over 25 million people.1 However, none of this compared to the plague that decimated almost half of the total population of Europe during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.2 Fast forward into the eighteenth century, small pox emerged as the number one threat to human life globally. Statistical data by Kendall in England estimate that almost 45,000 lives were lost yearly in England alone.3 This disease was no respecter of persons as it even claimed the life of Benjamin Franklin’s son following a 1750’s outbreak in America.4 The never ending misery caused by these infectious diseases was ultimately put to an end by one of the greatest inventions pertaining to human health. This was the development of the vaccine. This one invention would not only prove as a measure in eradication of infectious disease such as small pox and polio, but also offer the much needed prevention against future infections. Behind the marvel innovation of vaccines were prominent people such as Edward Jenner, Louis Pasteur, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, John Fewster, Benjamin Jesty among many more. 5However, among the few mentioned innovators, Edward Jenner was labeled in history annals as the father of immunology or inventor of vaccination. This global recognition was due to his development of the small pox vaccine and his published works on the same. However, historical and contemporary debates have attempted to dispute the title coveted to Edward Jenner. The controversy of the issue revolved around past historical evidence from contemporaries such as Lady Mary Wortley Monatagu, Benjamin Jesty and John Fewster.6 To this effect, the critics have advanced various theories aimed at discrediting Edward Jenner as the inventor of the vaccine. Foremost, they claimed that earlier development of the vaccine existed.7 Secondly, that Jenner simply developed an attenuated smallpox virus vaccine and used a safe type of smallpox inoculation.8 Other critics claimed that there were pioneer individuals who did a majority of the research that led to development of the vaccine.9 To this end, the critics have attempted to cast aspersion on Edward Jenner as the first inventor and administrator of the first vaccine.10 However, an overall majority of historical pundits contend that Edward Jenner was indeed the inventor of the vaccine and the first person to give an inoculation. Consequently, the subsequent sections will elaborately delve into the history of Edward Jenner, background information on the small pox and some of the historical personalities that made notable contributions. It is the advance by some of the past innovators that critics have sought to discredit Jenner.. Furthermore, Jenner’s advancement in developing a vaccine will be elaborated. To this end, a comprehensive discussion defending Edward Jenner as the inventor of the vaccine in relation to other contributors will suffice. Edward Jenner On May 17, 1749, Edward Jenner was conceived in Berkley, Gloucestshire. He was the son of the vicar of Berkley, Rev. Stephen Jenner.11 However, at the tender age of 5 years, he was orphaned and moved in with his elder brother. It was in his early years at school that Jenner acquired an innate interest in nature and sciences. Consequently, at the age of 14, Jenner was apprenticed to a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Edward Jenner was the first ever to give inoculation to people/ invent Research Paper”, n.d.)
Edward Jenner was the first ever to give inoculation to people/ invent Research Paper. Retrieved from
(Edward Jenner Was the First Ever to Give Inoculation to People/ Invent Research Paper)
Edward Jenner Was the First Ever to Give Inoculation to People/ Invent Research Paper.
“Edward Jenner Was the First Ever to Give Inoculation to People/ Invent Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Edward Jenner was the first ever to give inoculation to people/ invent the vaccine

Verucella vaccine

... zoster not an exception, its administration by adults has been has been recommended in the following manner; Once administered a period of 7-10 years should lapse before another dose is administered, the efficacy of the vaccine last long since it consists of a live attenuated virus that undergoes transient growth eliciting both humoral and cell mediated immunity .Because of the live status of the virus, its normally contraindicated for individuals who are on immunosuppressive drugs or have congenital problems of producing body defense cells, the elderly people are also advised not to go for the vaccine due to their reduced immune capacity. Adults who are HIV positive are also contraindicated for the vaccine owing to the nature... , this...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Edward abbey

...narratives in nature writing, tells about Abbey’s experience in Utah where he worked as a ranger. Abbey’s writings are not only engaging and entertaining but they also serve as a wake-up call for the conservation of nature. Abbey’s long list of essays and books include Jonathon Troy, Fire on the Mountain, Black sun but the book that earned him the greatest acclaim was ‘The Monkey Wrench Gang’ which was published in 1975. The book coined the word ‘monkey wrenching’ which meant to sabotage for the defense of environment. It is also speculated that the book inspired the formation of the militant group ‘Earth First’ (Cahalan). His orneriness over environmental issues made Abbey a hero among the activists of his time. This...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Can hypnosis give people extraordinary memory skills

...?Ramakrishna Surampudi 14 May Can Hypnosis Give People Extraordinary Memory Skills? The twentieth century was pretty quick in the identificationof new tools for better living, their development and application. Undoubtedly, a lot of research went into the subject of hypnosis to assess its potential and limitations. Had it been concretely established that hypnosis has the capacity to bring about extraordinary improvement in one’s memory skills, today’s schools and colleges would have as many hypnotists as teachers, if not more. Not only that, training in hypnosis would have been made mandatory for students and teachers. That it has not happened is in itself an indication of the limitation of hypnosis with...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Importance of Malaria Vaccine. Challenges of Malaria Vaccine

...from a centralized memory. Of importance to note is that, the limitation of human data put emphasis on the immunization that is derived from one strand of P.falciparum which is in a position to offer protection against other types of strains. Hence, this model hold the promise of holding a vaccine form one strain that is capable of giving immunity that is successful towards diverse strains. Nether the less, possibility of having cross –species protection has not yet being confirmed. Naturally Acquired Immunity Malaria immunity can also be open or better known as natural acquired immunity (NAI). Several research have indicated that people living in endemic areas, after several infections...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Polio Vaccine

...? POLIO VACCINE and Polio Vaccine Introduction The interruption of person-to-person transmission of poliomyelitis by vaccination is the primary goal of global polio vaccination. Polio vaccine has eliminated polio from most countries around the world, and reduced the worldwide incidence from approximately three and fifty thousand in 1988 to two hundred and twenty-three cases in 2012 (United States, 2012). The regions of the world that have been certified polio-free include Europe, America, and Western Pacific. The centre for Disease control reports that there are three regions that have never interrupted the spread of wild poliovirus; these are Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. Polio crippled thirty-five thousand people annually... comprises...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Gardasil Vaccine

...Must Gardasil be treated like the best advancement in healthcare or should we tread more carefully The Gardasil vaccine is the brainchild of Dr. Albert Bennet Jenson and Dr. Shin-je Ghim, researchers at the University of Louisville. Manufactured in 2006, the vaccine is marketed by Merck & Co. (which pays royalties to CSL). Many healthcare specialists are hailing this vaccine as a major advancement because it can protect against certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV)1, the main cause for cervical cancer cases. However, all is not rosy with the vaccine. While experts say that the vaccine shows 100% success rates both for people...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Gardasil a new vaccine

...regarding vaccines. People without any scientific knowledge could be misinformed by the promise medicine and vaccine gives therefore to subjecting themselves in just taking medicine without knowing the danger. This team of experts presents data and factual information that will be helpful for people to make a correct judgment as to decide whether medicine or vaccine intake and usage is safe, economical, and effective. Their argument shows how gardasil could be potentially harmful to health and longer time to experimentation and studies should be first devoted before to conclude that the vaccine is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

MMR Vaccine

...the vaccine benefits. Daily Express reported on that day that "parents were last night urged to keep having their children vaccinated after research showed the controversial MMR jab does not trigger autism." The news reported concerns of the parents who did not provide the vaccine becuase of fear of development of autism. 3.In light of the evidence you have found, discuss whether you support the use of a combined vaccine or giving the components separately. MMR vaccination was first introduced in 1988 and caused significant decrease in the number of cases of measles, mumps and rubella (NHS, 2009). However, the 1998...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Invent a religion

...Harris Kamran Sociology Creative Composition 12 November Religion Any religion is basically a means of acknowledging the presence of a higher being, and to live the life in accordance with the code that is laid down by that entity. Most of the world’s religions believe in God in one form or the other, and share many of their basic teachings. This essay is an effort to create a new religion which also subscribes to the existence and presence of God. The fundamental philosophy of this religion would be self purification. It will be targeted more towards spiritual purification than physical, as only a pure soul can aspire to get redemption... Kamran Sociology...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Vaccine Experimentation

...Much of what is currently done in vaccine production is based upon years of research on immunology using mouse models. As scientists soon discovered with the advent of highly sophisticated laboratory equipment and techniques, this misrepresent the processes that underlie the human immune response against diseases. As well, laboratories also do not share findings in the community for fears of their patents being stolen. This limits the potential exponential vaccine development. Moreover, our current vaccines have been limited to using just the humoral immunity and subsequently treating just infectious diseases. What about the lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular problems that causes...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Edward Jenner was the first ever to give inoculation to people/ invent the vaccine for FREE!

Contact Us