Nobody downloaded yet

Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
The Tanzimat reforms were put in place to protect the rights of citizens of the Ottoman Empire. This was to encompass both Muslims and non-Muslims resident in the Empire. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy"

Download file to see previous pages These reforms did not fare too well and several reasons can be assigned to this. Scholars have given different descriptions for the Tanzimat reforms. One of the common conclusions drawn by most historians is that it was a complete failure. Several theses are put forward to explain this failure. One of them asserts that: Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy. Turning towards the West was an imposition, not a choice This paper examines Tanzimat into great depth. In doing this, the research will begin by assessing the background of Tanzimat. The research will go further to view the position of Tanzimat in Ottoman history. This will provide the position of the reforms in the history of the Empire and set the framework for the discussion on whether it was a tragedy. It will also assess whether Tanzimat was based on some kind of imposition or a mimicry of Western political structures. Inherent Elements of the Tanzimat In order to examine the successes and failures of Tanzimat, this section of the essay will examine the inherent elements of Tanzimat and show its position in the Ottoman Society. This will give an understanding of important indicators and yardsticks that can be used for further analysis. “The word tanzimat means 'reforms', 'rearrangement' and 'reorganisation' and in Ottoman history, the Tanzimat period refers to a time of Westernizing reforms from 1839 until 1876”1. ...
As a policy, rebellious states defeated by the central Ottoman authority. In investigating the origins of Tanzimat, Kadduri and Liebesny state that “reforms wrere began in the army in the late 18th Century but met strong resistance that led to the assassination of Sultan Selim III in 1807. In 1826, during the reign of Mahmud II, reforms were revived (this time extending beyond the military field) and in the year of 1839 when Abdulmecid was on the throne”2. In the era prior to Tanzimat, power in the Ottoman Empire was centralized and remained in the hands of the Sultan. Sultan Mahmoud II (1800 – 1839) had full and absolute control over state affairs. The conquered territories within the domain of the Ottoman Empire were forcibly integrated into the union and rebellions were not tolerated. “Mahmud II expended considerable efforts to smash the power of local strongmen and in some parts of the empire, including north-eastern Bulgaria, he was successful”3. Tanzimat was meant to move the nation from this military oriented governance that was steeped in the use of force and imposed standards to a more liberal approach that characterised modern nations in that time. Parallels can be drawn from the French Revolution and the American Revolutions which had led to the recognition of civil liberties of individuals and freedoms to citizens. Mustafa Resit Pasa is described as the Father of Tanzimat by many historians. In investigating his rise to power, Shaw identifies that Mustafa Pasa was born in Istambul in 1800 and had began by studying administration, however he cut his service and served his uncle who took him onto an expedition in Moreia4. Pasa witnessed the defeat of the old Ottoman army to Greek rebels who used modern military regimes and due to this, he saw ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy Essay”, n.d.)
Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1401924--tanzimat-and-the-nineteenth-century-reforms-were
(Tanzimat and the Nineteenth-Century Reforms Were a Tragedy Essay)
Tanzimat and the Nineteenth-Century Reforms Were a Tragedy Essay. https://studentshare.org/history/1401924--tanzimat-and-the-nineteenth-century-reforms-were.
“Tanzimat and the Nineteenth-Century Reforms Were a Tragedy Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1401924--tanzimat-and-the-nineteenth-century-reforms-were.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
he
herbertlittel added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
At first, I thought 10 of pages is too much for such a subject. But now I see it could not be done smarter. As the author starts you see the depth of the question. I’ve read all at once. Wonderful example

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy

Childhood since the Nineteenth Century

...between the two partners who make parents, and other economic, demographic and cultural factors. Extensive research led ‘Lloyd deMause’ to deduce in his book ‘History of Childhood’ published in 1974 that children were not loved in the antiquity (Roberts, 2008). This was evident from the widespread trend of child abandonment till the fourth century BC. Also, children were abused physically and verbally. The situation was not very acceptable until the very recent time of the modern era. In 1976, ‘Familles: Parente, maison, sexualite dans l'ancienne societe’ was written by ‘Jean Flandrin’. In that book, it was acknowledged that the nineteenth century...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Woman in the Nineteenth Century

...?The concept of gender in the nineteenth century was consistent with suppression of those who were regarded as inferior. Women were often regarded ashaving a specific place in society to men that began to be questioned at this time. Margaret Fuller’s essay Woman in the Nineteenth Century creates a question of what gender meant during this time, specifically with who was entitled to carry out specific duties according to gender. This is similar to the viewpoint of Emily Dickinson in her poetry, specifically by creating a different status according to gender. The concept of gender and entitlement becomes questioned not only with the social...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Nineteenth Century America

...?The Nineteenth Century America I. US acquisitions between 1803 and 1853 After the war of 1812, which was a military conflict between America and theBritish Empire, ended America began to expand its territories towards the West. There was an air of imperialism among the young Americans boosted by Marquis de Lafayette when he returned to the United States in the year 1824. He praised the role played by the young Americans for the nation’s independence. In the year 1819 the Transcontinental Treaty proposed by the then American President John Quincy Adams was signed by the United States and Spain. This treaty reinforced the American belief of territorial expansion. The desire to spread towards the west...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Post Independence: The Nineteenth Century

.... However, for the Arabs of Syria and Lebanon to migrate into Latin America in the late 1800s, some events occurred prompting them to live their original homes. The Arabs migrated due to the demographic pressures in their home areas, which were in the form of increased population. In addition, following the then increased conflict in the region, there was an influx in displaced persons. The displaced were Muslim populations of the caucus and Zionist settlers fleeing invasions. In addition, they migrated due to the availability of both real and insinuated opportunities in Latin American countries. However, these opportunities were meant for people to improve their socio-economic status, as...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Woman in the Nineteenth Century

...will not be treated with respect, how does one think that it is possible to achieve heaven? She argues that love comes with respect and if women are not respected how they can be loved. These two things are the basis of a marriage. If men do not respect women in a marriage, then that means that they are only using them physically and the women are only serving the purpose of a slave to the men. Marriage is an imperative topic in this work. She documents the marriage in America in the nineteenth century. She writes that it is unfair that men are considered as the masters of the family whereas women are the ones who keep everything knitted closely. According to her, women were not given...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Division in the nineteenth-century

.... Postcolonial theory does not introduce a novice culture, alien to the cultural norms of the indigenous, nor does it produce the ancestral culture of the natives; rather the theory is a conglomeration of elements derived from the cultures of both the colonizer and the colonized. The development of the identity of the native therefore represents a balance between native cultural values and their antithesis as introduced by the colonizers. Therefore, hybridity in postcolonial literature refers to the ‘in-betweeness’ of the attitudes of the characters that have developed as a result of clash of two different schools of thought. In A Portrait of An Artist as a Yong Man, by James Joyce, Joyce writes about various people in...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

NINETEENTH CENTURY POETS

... for it which is in fact a single word idea of the poet about the death. None of the both poems death is seen hostile or as an alien element. It is presented as a very own native of the land and is taken as a soliciting factor. This is a brief comparison of two poems based on the persona having a ride to death. Reference: Payne, William Morton. The Greater English Poets of the Nineteenth Century. Cornell University Library. 2009. Print.... Market Goblin Market though has been interpreted in several ways but for me it is truly a hymn in praise of a sisterly devotion. The very first advice of Lizzie to Laura forbidding her listening and searching for the goblin men is the symbolic throughout the poem. The metaphor of dove used in the poem is...
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review

Imperialism in the nineteenth century

...Imperialism in the nineteenth century Introduction During the nineteenth century, people in the whole world had become integrated to one and also a rapidly growing system of the whole world. This was the effect of what can be referred to as the modern revolution. Different people and regions from economical, cultural and also the political backgrounds got linked together by this system. Some countries and corporations within this system accumulate a lot of power and wealth. However some states recorded failure both politically and also economically. The European nations which had become industrialized gained dominance in the world systems. This was contrary to the fact...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Nineteenth Century Jerusalem

... Nineteenth Century Jerusalem During the 19th century in Jerusalem, the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim communities all lived in the old city of Jerusalem. However, all three had their own religious focal centers, while they were also divided according to different concepts of religion for the Christians and social frameworks and places of origin for the Jews. The pattern and nature of the built-up area in the old city of Jerusalem was significantly influenced by the heterogeneity of its population, in addition to the attractive power of its holy sites (radiobergen.org 1). In the late 19th century, the city development was dominated by an element of continuity, which was mainly informed by Jerusalem’s unique position as a Holy City... for the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Nineteenth Century Realism

...Critical Essay in Art: Nineteenth Century Realism al Affiliation) Nineteenth Century Realism Introduction The realist movement in European art, especially in France, flourished between around 1840 to the latter years of the nineteenth century (Darrow & Julius, 2005). The main message that most works of art sought to convey at that time was an objective and truthful vision concerning the contemporary life. Realism came to exist after the 1848 revolution that led to the overturning of the Louis-Phillippe monarchy. Realism developed further under Napoleon III, during the Second Empire period. This period was one of democratization, with various groups seeking democratic reform to the order that existed at the time. The monarchy... . This work of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Tanzimat and the nineteenth-century reforms were a tragedy for FREE!

Contact Us